Technology for ESOL. Computer Basics & Operating System. By Tim VanSlyke. Introduction. Use the arrow keys on your keyboard to move forward within the slideshow.
Computer Basics &
By Tim VanSlyke
Use the arrow keys on your keyboard to move forward within the slideshow.
OUTPUT: Devices the computer uses to communicate information to the user.
INPUT: Devices that put information into the computer, or, in other words, devices we use to talk to the computer.
The operating system is the software that controls your computer. It allows you to start and stop programs, open windows, save files, print documents and just about everything else you do with your computer.
Windows OS: Microsoft Windows Operating System
Mac OS: Apple Macintosh Operating System
Windows: In the windows operating system nearly all programs and documents appear within a window with standard features such as:
Follow the steps demonstrated to create a folder:
An important part of using computers is to be able to keyboard. The goal of this module is to teach you how to type/keyboard without looking at your hands. To do this, you need to “teach” your fingers where the letters are and how to type automatically.
For this module, complete Level 1 Stage 1 of the BBC Dance Mat Typing program to learn the home row:
We use computer programs or applications to do things with our computer. If we want to write a letter, we use a Word Processor such as MS Word. If we want to search the Internet, we use a “Web browser” application such as Internet Explorer.
The “things” we create with applications are called FILES. We SAVE files to our computer so we can OPEN them later and work with them more.
Files are objects saved to computers.
Files extensions appear at the end of file names and tell the computer what type of file it is.
MS Word is a Word Processing application for creating business letters, résumés and other documents that combine text, images, tables and graphs.
To open MS Word follow these steps:
Follow the directions in your handout to complete these lessons while you work in MS Word and familiarize yourself with its toolbars.
Word processing applications like MS Word automatically start a new line when you are typing, you do NOT need to press [ENTER] when you are typing a paragraph.
When you need to make changes to text, we call that EDITING. Before you can make any changes to text, you first have to tell the computer what you want to change. Therefore, any changes you need to make to text require that you first highlight the text.
In MS Office Word 2010, the File menu is now the Office Button. Here you will find the OPEN and SAVE commands.
You can use the Save As command to change the name of your document or to save it to a new location (for example to your flash drive).
Follow these steps to save to your flash drive:
Use “SAVE AS” to change the name of your document and save it to a new place.
If you don’t have MS Office Word at home, you can download a similar application for free. OPEN OFFICE is a free “suite” of applications that includes a Word Processor, a Presentation application (like PowerPoint), a Spreadsheet application (like Excel), and more.
To download Open Office go here: http://download.openoffice.org/
To learn more about Open Office take some time to go through the lesson on the LearnFree.ORG web site:
Follow these steps to complete the homework for this lesson: