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COMPETITION – AN EFFECTIVE TOOL PROMOTING ECONOMIC EFFICIENCIES. Mr. Trịnh Anh Tuấn Deputy Director General Vietnam Competition Authority. Hanoi, August 2014. CONTENT. I/ COMPETITION – A DRIVING FORCE FOR THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

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mr tr nh anh tu n deputy director general vietnam competition authority

COMPETITION – AN EFFECTIVE TOOL PROMOTING ECONOMIC EFFICIENCIES

Mr. Trịnh Anh Tuấn

Deputy Director General

Vietnam Competition Authority

Hanoi, August 2014

content
CONTENT

I/ COMPETITION – A DRIVING FORCE FOR THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

II/ ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPETITION IN 3 PARTICULAR MARKETS

  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
  • PAY TV
  • AVIATION FUEL

III/ CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

i competition a driving force for the economic development
I. COMPETITION – A DRIVING FORCE FOR THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Creation of a competition environment

  • “There is no growth without competition policy” - Kazuhiko Takeshima – Former JFTC Chairman
  • “The heart of our national economy long has been faith in the value of competition”

– US Supreme Court

Enterprises growth

Consumer welfare

Economic effectiveness increased

mobile communications
MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
  • Communications industry has its own market entry barriers, including the legal barrier and natural barrier
  • The market concentration level is relatively high
mobile communications1
MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
  • In 1993, there was only one company providing the mobile communication services (Mobiphone) at the rate of 0,15USD/minute in Vietnam
  • After Vinaphone entering the market in 1996, and Viettel in 2003, the rate was 0,065USD/minute, the method to calculate the rate also changed (block 6s+1)…
  • Up to now, quality and price for the mobile communications services are more competitive, hence creating more choices for consumers (more new mobile applications: viber, zalo, …)
market share of enterprises providing mobile communications in december 2013
Market share of enterprises providing mobile communications in December 2013

Source: Communications Department of Vietnam

pay tv
PAY TV
  • Appeared in Vietnam 20 years ago
  • Initially, there were several services providers (VTV, SCTV,…) of television cable with limited channels, broadcasting quality was not stable
  • June 2014:

- 34 enterprises provided Pay TV services

- 4 main types: cable, satellite, landline and mobile.

- 105 local and international registered channels

- Private sector participation: K+ and AVG

market share of enterprises providing pay tv services in the first 6 months in 2014
Market share of enterprises providing Pay TV services in the first 6 months in 2014

Source: Authority of broadcasting and electronic information

viettel vnpt and fpt entering the market in 2014
Viettel, VNPT and FPT entering the market in 2014
  • Since 1/3/2014, Viettel provided the pilot HD package in several regions with the charge of 85.000 VND/month, which is equivalent to 2/3 of VTVCab rate and half of HD services supplied by VTVCab
  • In 2011, VTVCab increased the charge from 65.000 VND/month to110.000 VND/month.

However, VTVCab at the moment is struggling to compete for more customers by promotion programs.

aviation fuel
AVIATION FUEL
  • Prior to 2008: Vinapco is the only enterprise in the market providing aviation fuel => Vinapco unilaterally stopped supplying fuel for Jetstar Pacific in April 2008
  • Petrolimex entered the market
  • Currently Petrolimex has 10% market share and Vinapco accounts for 80% market share in the aviation fuel market
slide11

III. CONCLUSION

+ Role of Competition

iii recommendations
III. RECOMMENDATIONS
  • The promulgation of new policies must ensure the competition principles
  • The creation and maintenance of a competition environment must go in line with effective enforcement of competition law
  • A strong competition authority
slide13

THANK YOU VERY MUCH

Contact: Vietnam Competition Authority

Address: 25 NgôQuyền, HoànKiếm, Hà Nội

Tel: 04-22205002 / Fax: 04-22205003

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