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The Changing Workforce, Vulnerable Workers, and Implications for Safety and Health. Valeria Velazquez Program Coordinator, Labor Occupational Health Program CROET Conference: Protecting Vulnerable Workers June 8, 2007. Outline for Presentation. Overview of the Changing Workforce

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The changing workforce vulnerable workers and implications for safety and health

The Changing Workforce, Vulnerable Workers, and Implications for Safety and Health

Valeria Velazquez

Program Coordinator, Labor Occupational Health Program

CROET Conference: Protecting Vulnerable Workers

June 8, 2007


Outline for presentation
Outline for Presentation for Safety and Health

  • Overview of the Changing Workforce

  • Case Studies

  • Recommendations


Global economy
Global Economy for Safety and Health


Changing demographics
Changing Demographics for Safety and Health

  • 1950-2000 the labor force more than doubled

  • Changes in who the workers are:

    • Older

    • More females

    • More racial and ethnic diversity



More immigrant workers
More Immigrant Workers 1980-2010*

  • 1 out of every 2 new workers added to the US economy since 1995 is an immigrant

  • Foreign born workers make up about 14% of the workforce

  • Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic group


Shift from manufacturing to service

Services 1980-2010*

Sales

Production

Construction

Shift from Manufacturing to Service




Non standard work arrangement now almost a third of all jobs
Non Standard Work Arrangement Now almost a Third of all Jobs 1980-2010*

  • Temporary Agency Workers 0.9%

  • Direct Hire Temps 2.5%

  • On-call and Day Laborers 1.7%

  • Contract Company Workers 0.6%

  • Independent Contractors 6.3%

  • Self-employed Workers 4.8%

  • Standard Part-time Workers 13.2%

    Total: 30%




Health and safety
Health and Safety 1980-2010*

  • Contingent workers

  • Low wage workers

  • Immigrant Workers


Low wage workers are disproportionately employed in the occupations with high numbers of msds
Low Wage Workers are Disproportionately Employed in The Occupations with High Numbers of MSDs

Mean hourly salary

For all workers

150% of Poverty

Level

Average Hourly

Wage for Each

Occupation

(Dollars)


Immigrant workers
Immigrant Workers Occupations with High Numbers of MSDs


Undercounting and reporting
Undercounting and Reporting Occupations with High Numbers of MSDs

  • 1/3 of Poultry Workers now contingent

  • Decline in Reported illness and injury rates


Examples from the field
Examples from the Field Occupations with High Numbers of MSDs

  • Educating Workers

  • Educating Employers

  • Enforcement


Day laborers
Day Laborers Occupations with High Numbers of MSDs

  • Combine Vocational and Health and Safety Training


Domestic workers
Domestic Workers Occupations with High Numbers of MSDs

  • Training combines US domestic worker history, less toxic chemicals, and negotiating techniques


Mujeres unidas y activas
Mujeres Unidas y Activas Occupations with High Numbers of MSDs

Negotiation skills and contracts


Asian pacific environmental network builds legal medical community coalition
Asian Pacific Environmental Network Builds Legal, Medical, Community Coalition

AXT Workers Rally


Asian immigrant women advocates
Asian Immigrant Women Advocates Community Coalition




Recommendations
Recommendations Community Coalition

  • How do we improve the safety and health for these workers?


  • Strengthen state programs Community Coalition

  • Support workplace efforts

  • Promote local community action

  • Involve immigrant workers

  • Improve data collection

  • Take legislative action

  • Coordinate efforts


Thank you! Community Coalition


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