Penalty enforcement
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PENALTY ENFORCEMENT. Rogers Redding NCAA Rules Editor. PENALTY ENFORCEMENT OUTLINE. Penalties Completed---Offsetting Fouls Enforcement: “3-and-1” Principle Postscrimmage Kick Enforcement Fouls on Scoring Plays. PENALTY VS. FOUL.

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PENALTY ENFORCEMENT

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Penalty enforcement

PENALTYENFORCEMENT

Rogers Redding

NCAA Rules Editor


Penalty enforcement outline

PENALTY ENFORCEMENTOUTLINE

  • Penalties Completed---Offsetting Fouls

  • Enforcement: “3-and-1” Principle

  • Postscrimmage Kick Enforcement

  • Fouls on Scoring Plays


Penalty vs foul

PENALTY VS. FOUL

FOUL: A Rule Infraction For Which a Penalty is Prescribed

PENALTY: The Consequences of Such a Rule Infraction—Accepted Or Declined


Penalty vs foul1

PENALTY VS. FOUL

THEY ARE NOT THE SAME!

“Foul” Is To “Crime”

as

“Penalty” Is To “Punishment”


Penalties completed

PENALTIESCOMPLETED

  • Penalty Completed When:

    Accepted, Declined, or Canceled

  • ANY Penalty May Be Declined

  • Multiple Live-Ball Fouls By One Team

    -- Offended Team Chooses One


Penalties completed1

PENALTIESCOMPLETED

  • Offsetting Fouls

    --Only Live-Ball Fouls Offset

    --Exceptions:.....................


Exceptions to offsetting fouls

EXCEPTIONS TO OFFSETTING FOULS

  • “Clean Hands” Provision

  • Postscrimmage Kick Enforcement

  • Try, After Team B Possession

  • Extra Periods, After Team B Possession


Example 10 1 4 exception

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

  • A22 and A39 In Motion At The Snap. B55 Intercepts a Forward Pass.

    B63 Clips on the Return.


Example 10 1 4 exception1

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

RULING: “Clean Hands”: B May Decline Offsetting Fouls to Retain Possession Following Completion of the Clipping Penalty.


Example 10 1 4 exception2

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

  • At the Snap, Team A Has Only 6 On The Line and B76 is In the Neutral Zone. B34 Recovers A22’s Fumble.

    B47 Clips on the Return.


Example 10 1 4 exception3

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

RULING: Offsetting Fouls.

No Option.

Team B Was Not “Clean.”


Example 10 1 4 exception4

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

  • B23 Intercepts a Pass.

    B76 Clips On the Return .

    A45 Tackles B23 by Twisting His Face Mask.


Example 10 1 4 exception5

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

RULING: Team B May Decline Offsetting Fouls and Retain the Ball After the Penalty for B76’s Foul Is Completed.

Note: Timing of A45’s Foul Does Not Matter.


Example 10 1 4 exception6

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

  • B23 Intercepts a Pass.

    B76 Clips On the Return.

    A45 Tackles B23 by Twisting His Face Mask.

    Time in the First Half Expires on the Play.


Example 10 1 4 exception7

EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION

RULING: Team B May Decline Offsetting Fouls to Retain the Ball.

However, Team A Will Decline the Penalty for B76’s Foul, Ending the Half.


3 and 1 principle

“3-and-1” PRINCIPLE

Applies ONLY

When No Enforcement Spot Is Specified in a Rule Penalty

“BASIC SPOT”--Key Words in Penalty Statement


Basic spot and enforcement spot

BASIC SPOT AND ENFORCEMENT SPOT

BASIC SPOT

  • Benchmark for Application of “3-and-1” Principle--Depends on Type of Play

    ENFORCEMENT SPOT

  • Spot From Which a Penalty Is Enforced

    See 10-2 and 2-25


Penalty enforcement1

PENALTY ENFORCEMENT

The 3-and-1 Principle Asks:

  • Where Is the BASIC SPOT?

  • Where Is the FOUL in Relation to the Basic Spot?


Enforcement spots

ENFORCEMENT SPOTS

BASIC SPOTS

  • Previous Spot

  • End of the Run

  • Spot of the Foul

    Special Cases:

    Succeeding Spot: Dead-Ball Fouls

    End of the Kick: Postscrimmage Kick


Basic spots

BASIC SPOTS

END OF THE RELATED RUN

  • Running Plays When RunEndsBeyond NZ

  • Running Plays When There Is No NZ


Basic spots1

BASIC SPOTS

PREVIOUS SPOT

  • Running Plays When Run EndsBehind Neutral Zone

  • Forward Pass Plays

  • Kick Plays (Except When PSK Applies)


Diagram for 3 and 1

DIAGRAM For “3-and-1”

FOUL BY TEAM

In Possession Not In Possession

--------------BASIC SPOT-------------

*Penalize From Basic Spot

Beyond Basic Spot*

Beyond Basic Spot*

Behind Basic Spot

Behind Basic Spot*


Example 3 and 1

EXAMPLE: “3-and-1”

  • 2nd and 7 at B-36. A25 is Tackled at B-45.

    During the Run A89 Blocks in the Back at B-30.

    RULING: 10-Yard Penalty From B-36, the Previous Spot, Which Is the Basic Spot.


Example 3 and 11

EXAMPLE: “3-and-1”

  • A’s Runner Is Tackled Behind the NZ. During the Play B36 Slugs A29 Eight Yards Downfield.

    RULING: Basic Spot Is Previous Spot. 15-Yard Penalty From the Previous Spot.

    Automatic First Down. B36 Ejected.


Example 3 and 12

EXAMPLE: “3-and-1”

  • A25 Gains Ten Yards to the B-25.

    A65 Clips at the B-30.

    RULING: 15-Yard Penalty From the Spot of the Foul (B-30).


The 3 and 1 principle

The “3-and-1” PRINCIPLE

“3-and-1” Does NOT Mean

“From Where It Hurts Most”


Example 3 and 13

EXAMPLE: “3-and-1”

  • A12 Is Tackled for a 3-Yard Loss. During the Play, B35 Twists A40’s Facemask 10 Yards Beyond the Neutral Zone.

    RULING: 15-yard Penalty Against Team B, Enforced From PREVIOUS SPOT (the Basic Spot).

    “Worst” Spot? Spot of Foul.


Postscrimmage kick enforcement

POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT

Applies ONLY to Fouls by Team B:

  • Three or More Yards Beyond NZ

  • During Scrimmage Kick Play

    Not on a Try

    Not in Extra Period

    Not On Successful Field Goal

  • Kick Crosses NZ

  • Team A Does Not Have Legal Possession When The Ball Is Declared Dead


Postscrimmage kick enforcement1

POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT

If These Conditions Are Satisfied:

  • END OF KICK (or B-20) is Basic Spot

  • Apply “3-and-1” Principle


Postscrimmage kick enforcement2

POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT

  • Punt Receiver Catches Kick at the B-16 and Returns It to the B-48. During the Kick B62 Clips at the B-35.

    RULING: Basic Spot Is End of the Kick. Penalize From the B-16. Team B’s Ball, 1st Down at the B-8.


Postscrimmage kick enforcement3

POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT

  • B27 Downs a Punt in His End Zone. During the Kick B57 Blocks Below the Waist (a) the B-10 (b) at the B-32.

    RULING: Basic Spot Is the B-20 (End of the Kick).

    (a) Half the Distance to the B-5

    (b) Half the Distance to the B-10


Postscrimmage kick enforcement4

POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT

  • During The Punt, B66 Fouls 10 Yards Beyond The Neutral Zone. B24 Returns The Punt To The A-5 And Fumbles. The Ball Strikes The Goal-line Pylon.

    RULING: PSK Applies. End Of Kick Is The Basic Spot. Enforce Penalty Accordingly.


Fouls on scoring plays

FOULS ON SCORING PLAYS

Foul by Defense During Touchdown Play:

  • Penalties for PERSONAL FOULS Enforced on Try OR Kickoff. Do NOT Carry Over in Extra Period.

  • Penalties For ALL OTHER FOULS Do Not Carry Over. Usually They Are DECLINED BY RULE. (Exception: When Illegal Touching Enables Enforcement)


Example scoring play

EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY

  • A89 Catches a Legal Forward Pass for a TD. (a) B79 Offside. (b) B63 Roughs the Passer. (c) B26 Commits DPI.

    RULING: (a) Penalty Declined By Rule. TD Counts.

    (b) TD Counts. Penalty Enforced on Try or Kickoff.

    (c) Penalty Declined By Rule. TD Counts


Example scoring play1

EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY

  • A19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Fumbles. B64 CLIPS During B29’s Run. A47 Returns the Fumble (a) for a TD (b) to the B-5.

    RULING: (a) TD Counts; Penalty on Try or Kickoff.

    (b) B’s Ball, Either After the Clipping Penalty or at the Illegal Touching Spot.


Example scoring play2

EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY

  • A19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Fumbles. B64 HOLDSDuring B29’s Run. A47 Returns the Fumble for an Apparent TD.

    RULING: Penalty Can Be Enforced Due To the Illegal Touching. Ball Belongs To B Either After the Penalty Or At the IT Spot. AR 6-3-2-VII


Example scoring play3

EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY

  • A19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Fumbles. A47 Returns the Fumble for an Apparent TD. B64 HOLDSDuring A47’s Run.

    RULING: Penalty Declined By Rule. Team B’s Ball at IT Spot.

    AR 6-3-2-V


Fouls on scoring play

FOULS ON SCORING PLAY

Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls During or After TD Play:

  • Penalty Enforced on Try or on Kickoff

    (On Try in Extra Period)


Example scoring play4

EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY

  • A24 Taunts His Opponents As He Scores a Touchdown.

    RULING: TD Counts. 15-Yard Penalty Enforced Either on the Try or the Kickoff.

    (In Extra Period, the Penalty Is Enforced on the Try.)


Fouls after scoring play

FOULS AFTER SCORING PLAY

Personal Foul Committed Between Touchdown and Try:

  • Penalty Enforced on Try or Kickoff

    (On Try in Extra Period)


Penalty enforcement on the try

PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY

Successful Try, Foul by Team B:

  • A May Decline Penalty; OR Accept and Go for 2 Points.

    HOWEVER

  • Personal Foul: Accepted Penalty Carried Over to KO or Extra Period.


Penalty enforcement on the try1

PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY

No Change of Possession

  • Offsetting Fouls: Repeat Try

  • Loss-of-Down: Try is Over. No Penalty. No Score.

  • Kick-Catch Interference: Penalty Declined by Rule


Penalty enforcement on the try2

PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY

Change of Possession

  • Either Team (Not Both) Fouls After Change of Possession:

    Penalty Declined By Rule—No Carry-Over

    [EXC: Flagrant Personal Foul or LBF Treated as DBF: Penalty Carries Over]


Penalty enforcement on the try3

PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY

Change of Possession

  • Both Teams Foul and Team B Fouled Before Change of Possession:

    Fouls Offset--Down is Replayed

  • Both Teams Foul, and Team B Did NOT Foul Before Getting Possession:

    Fouls Cancel, No Replay. Exception to 10-1-4 Does Not Apply.


Example fouls on the try

EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY

  • A46 Illegally in Motion and B76 Offside. B34 Intercepts Pass and Is Tackled.

    RULING: Fouls Offset. Repeat Try.


Example fouls on the try1

EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY

  • A46 Illegally in Motion. B56 Intercepts Pass and B21 Clips on the Return.

    RULING: Fouls Cancel. No Replay. Try Is Over. (No “Clean Hands” Option for B.)


Example fouls on the try2

EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY

  • Try Kick Is Good. Team B Is Offside.

    RULING: Team A May Decline Penalty, or Accept Penalty and Go for 2 Points. Penalty DOES NOT Carry Over.


Example fouls on the try3

EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY

  • Try Kick Is Good. B79 Commits a Personal Foul During The Down.

    RULING: Team A May Decline and Keep 1 Point; or

    Accept and Go for 2; or

    Keep 1 Point and Have Penalty Enforced on KO or in Extra Period.


Example fouls on the try4

EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY

  • B65 Is Offside at Snap. B23 Intercepts Pass and Scores. A45 Fouls on the Return.

    RULING: Fouls Offset. Replay The Down. No Score.


Example fouls on the try5

EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY

  • B21 Intercepts a Pass and is Tackled at the B-35. During the Run, B64 Clips in Team B’s End Zone.

    RULING: Penalty Declined By Rule. Try is Over. NOT a Safety.


Foul after the try

FOUL AFTER THE TRY

10-1-6 Exception to 8-3-5

Dead Ball Foul Following Try:

If Try Is Replayed, DBF Penalty Enforced on Replay.

If Try Is Not Replayed, DBF Penalty Enforced on Kickoff or in Extra Period


Example foul after the try

EXAMPLE: FOUL AFTER THE TRY

  • Try Attempt Is Unsuccessful. After the Play A60 Commits a Personal Foul. (a) B79 Was in the Neutral Zone at the Snap. (b) No Live-Ball Fouls Occurred.

    RULING: (a) Both Penalties Enforced. Try Replayed From 16-and-One-Half Yardline. (B) No Replay. 15-Yard Penalty Against Team A on Kickoff or in Extra Period.


Example foul after the try1

EXAMPLE: FOUL AFTER THE TRY

  • Team A Scores Two Points on the Try. After The Play A60 Commits a Personal Foul. B79 Was in the Neutral Zone at the Snap.

    RULING: Team A Will Decline the Offside Penalty. DBF Penalty Carries Over; Team A Penalized 15 Yards on Kickoff or in Extra Period.


Summary penalties carried over

SUMMARY: PENALTIES CARRIED OVER

  • Penalties Carry Over to Try or KO ONLY:

    PersonalFoul by Non-Scoring Team on a Touchdown

    DBF Between TD and Try

  • Penalties for Other Fouls Do Not Carry Over


Summary penalties carried over1

SUMMARY: PENALTIES CARRIED OVER

  • Penalties Carry Over to KO or XP:

    During Try: Personal Foul by Team B

    DBF Field Goal Score

    DBF After the Try (To Kickoff, if Try is Not Replayed)


Email address

EMAIL ADDRESS

[email protected]


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