Historical Methods . Literature and History. Starting Questions. What did we do last week? History—what, why, how? History is not always progressive, nor developing in a linear fashion. History : public vs. private; facts vs. interpretation; history vs. literature/fiction Why?
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Literature and History
(-- location – a hotel
-- erase the traces of the present
-- hypnotize one’s mind//realism)
– a memento to keep (and past to immortalize), and to be fixated by;
-- to learn from the past and broaden our horizons;
-- identity-construction, sense-making (for individuals), legitimating (for a group of people, or disciplines), textbook p. 92
relating it to our present world
(Ref. http://www2.tntech.edu/history/whystudy.html )
"...the difference lies in the fact that the historian speaks of what has happened, the poet of the kind of thing that can happen. Hence also poetry is a more philosophical
and serious business than history; for poetry speaks more of universals, history of particulars." (ref. textbook 96 Sidney)
3. Both are ‘narratives,’ or ‘fictions’ (constructions) embedded in a network of texts (or discourses). (p. 93)
1. Dates (e.g. Rep.O.China’s National Birthday 10/10 ),
2. Documents (e.g.台湾地名沿革表source), records, reminiscences, (e.g. Making Sense of the 60’s--later)
3. artifacts, buildings, (e.g. Romeo’s and Juliet’s houses )
4. The Rep. of China was born in 10/10, 1911.
“facts.” how? (Ref. textbook 3-4)
1. The solid lines indicate supposed empirical methods, and the dotted lines shows inference according normal historical practice. (Berkhofer 141)
synthesized into ‘Story’
or, according to Hayden White,
organized into a chronicle
Story within beginning, middle and end;
Or motifs (inaugural, terminating, transitional)
totality of an age with characters
emotionalizing the past.
Making Sense of the 60’s- 4. In a Dark Time: one clip
-- Is there a frame to this segment?
-- How does it establish its credibility?
-- Motifs? Plot? Narrative perspective?
Textbook p. 101 -- Middlemarch
Ref. textbook p. 96
and etymological roots
Among the various elements
the various elements
“If we see that any item in a poem is to be judged only in terms of the total effect of the poem, we shall readily grant the importance for criticism of the work of the linguistic and the literary historian.” (Brooks qud McGann 6)
Quote: “If we insist on relating the text primarily to the context of its composition, we are cutting it off from that relation to life which is the relevant one.” (Ellis qtd in McGann 8)
What do you think?