Ebola and Rhode Island: Calm, Thoughtful, Vigilant. Michael Fine, MD Rhode Island Department of Health Last updated: October 28, 2014. An evolving process. Healthcare workers, CDC, and others are learning how best to respond We are expanding response to meet the needs
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Ebola and Rhode Island:
Calm, Thoughtful, Vigilant
Michael Fine, MD
Rhode Island Department of Health
Last updated: October 28, 2014
Healthcare workers, CDC, and others are learning how best to respond
We are expanding response to meet the needs
There will be changes and adjustments
A severe, often fatal disease in humans and animals (bats, monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees in Africa)
Bats appear to be reservoir hosts
Following initial human infection through contact with infected bat or other animal, human-to-human transmission often occurs
Symptoms usually begin 2 to 21 days after exposure:
(very similar to symptoms of the flu)
If you aren’t sick after 21 days since exposure, you will not become sick with Ebola.
If you haven’t been to Liberia, Guinea, or Sierra Leone in the last 21 days, you do not have Ebola.
The virus is spread through body fluids.
A person becomes infected by touching or handling:
The virus enters the body through:
Ebola lives in wet body fluids outside the body for several days.
The virus lives on a dry surface for several hours.
The virus lives in the body of a deceased patient for weeks.
Evidence of Ebola virus is detectable in the semen of people who have recovered for 2-3 months.
As of Oct. 22, 2014, nine Ebola patients treated in US hospitals:
A person who recently traveled from West Africa within the last 21 days AND has symptoms of Ebola.
Sick person enters Hospital Emergency Department
Sick person goes to primary care doctor’s office
Sick person enters a nursing home as a healthcare
Person stays home while sick and exposes others who themselves have contact with others.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Health System Preparedness
Michael Fine, MD
Director of Health