The war in the east operation barbarossa june 22 1941
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THE WAR IN THE EAST OPERATION “BARBAROSSA” JUNE 22 1941. FACTS: INVASION BEGAN ALONG AN 1,800 MILE FRONT – NEW YORK TO DENVER IS @1,600 MILES 600,000 VEHICLES AND 750,000 HORSES LARGEST MILITARY OPERATION IN HUMAN HISTORY IN BOTH MANPOWER AND CASUALTIES

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The war in the east operation barbarossa june 22 1941
THE WAR IN THE EASTOPERATION “BARBAROSSA” JUNE 22 1941

  • FACTS:

    • INVASION BEGAN ALONG AN 1,800 MILE FRONT – NEW YORK TO DENVER IS @1,600 MILES

    • 600,000 VEHICLES AND 750,000 HORSES

    • LARGEST MILITARY OPERATION IN HUMAN HISTORY IN BOTH MANPOWER AND CASUALTIES

    • 116 GERMAN DIVISIONS – 4,306,800 MEN VS. 190 SOVIET DIVISIONS – 3,289,851 MEN

    • 500,000 ROMANIAN, HUNGARIAN, SLOVAKIAN, CROATIAN, AND ITALIAN TROOPS ACCOMPANIED THE GERMAN FORCES,

    • 4,171 GERMAN TANKS – 4,389 AIRCRAFT VS. 15,687 SOVIET TANKS AND 11,537 AIRCRAFT

    • ONLY 4,000 MILES OF PAVED ROADS IN ALL OF RUSSIA


German soviet relations
GERMAN – SOVIET RELATIONS

  • Hitler suggested in MEIN KAMPF ("My Struggle") that he would invade the Soviet Union, asserting that the German people needed Lebensraum ("living space", i.e. land and raw materials

  • Nazi racial ideology cast the Soviet Union as populated by “untermenchen" ethnic Slavs ruled by their “Jewish Bolshevik" masters.

  • It was Nazi stated policy to kill, deport, or enslave the Russian and other Slavic populations and repopulate the land with Germanic peoples



Operations
OPERATIONS

  • BY JUNE 27TH, ARMY GROUP CENTER HAD ENCIRCLED 32 SOVIET DIVISIONS

  • BY 26TH OF JUNE, ARMY GROUP SOUTH HAD INFLICTED 600,000 KILLED, MISSING, CAPTURED OR WOUNDED SOVIET TROOPS

  • JULY – THE BATTLE OF SMOLENSK – GATEWAY TO MOSCOW– 180,000 SOVIETS CAPTURED

  • AUGUST – THE BATTLE OF KIEV - 452,720 SOVIETS CAPTURED

  • OCTOBER – THE DRIVE ON MOSCOW – 673,000 SOVIET PRISNORS – 3,000,000 SOVIET PRISONERS SINCE JUNE


Operations continued
OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

  • BY NOVEMBER - GENERAL WINTER ARRIVES GERMANS ARE WITHIN 12 MILES OF MOSCOW

  • FROSTBITE AND DISEASE CAUSED MORE GERMAN CASUALTIES THAN COMBAT, DEAD AND WOUNDED HAD ALREADY REACHED 155,000 IN THREE WEEKS


Stalingrad 17 july 1942 2 february 1943 death of a german army
STALINGRAD 17 July 1942 - 2 February 1943 DEATH OF A GERMAN ARMY

  • COMBINED CASUALTIES ESTIMATED AT NEARLY TWO MILLION

  • THE GERMAN OFFENSIVE BOGGED DOWN IN HOUSE-TO-HOUSE FIGHTING


Stalingrad 17 july 1942 2 february 1943 death of a german army1
STALINGRAD 17 July 1942 - 2 February 1943 DEATH OF A GERMAN ARMY

  • BY NOVEMBER THE SOVIETS HAD ENCIRCLED THE GERMAN 6TH ARMY

  • WINTER WEATHER, STARVATION, CASUALITIES, THE GERMAN 6TH ARMY MET A SLOW DEATH

  • AXIS FORCES IN STALINGRAD SURRENDERED ON 2 FEBRUARY1942 ; 500,000 TIRED, ILL, AND STARVING GERMANS, ITALIANS, ROMANIANS, AND HUNGARIANS WERE TAKEN PRISONER,

  • OF THE 91,000 GERMAN PRISONERS, ONLY ABOUT 5,000 EVER RETURNED.

  • THIS WAS THE TURNING POINT IN THE WAR IN THE EAST


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