Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles
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Honda’s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles. Michio Shinohara. Apr.21, 2010. Environment & Safety Planning Office. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Products of Honda. Mobility. Honda Business Overview. 23 million customers a year in the world.

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Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Honda’s development of new energy vehicleswith a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Michio Shinohara

Apr.21, 2010

Environment & Safety Planning Office

Honda Motor Co., Ltd.


Products of honda

Products of Honda

Mobility


Honda business overview

Honda Business Overview

23 million customers a year in the world

Global Sales of Honda Products

( million )

:Others

25.0

:Cars

:Bikes

20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

0

2000

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Current Status of Mobility


Transport characterization

Transport Characterization

■GDP per CAPITA vs PKT (People Km Travel)

1000000

100000

10000

HAM

WEU

PAQ

LAM

EFU

FSU

MEA

AFR

SAS

PAS

CPA

PKT (pkm)

1000

100

100

1000

10000

100000

1000000

GDP per Capita (US$ ’85eq)

As income increases, people select transportation that can take them faster and further

When income increases,

Travel distance expands

■GDP vs Transportation

100

80

BUS

60

Modal Share (pkm),%

40

car

20

AIR

RAIL

100

1000

10000

100000

GDP per Capita (US$ ’85eq)

With wealth comes a desire for freedom of mobility and a desire to travel


Current level of mobility

Current Level of Mobility

There is a big difference in mobility by region

North America

Europe

Japan, Oceania

India Pakistan

China, Central Asia

Kenya, South Africa

Most of the world’s population has not yet gained the benefit of mobility

But wealth is growing


Economic development and growth of automobile use

Economic Development and Growth of Automobile Use

UIO Forecast (units in operation)

Source: WBCSD, 2004SMP.

Will increase to 1.3 billion units by 2030

2.0 billion units by 2050

Economic Development in the developing countries will treble the UIO


Technological pathway

Technological Pathway

In Honda's view the energy and environmental challenge involves three Critical Issues

Developing alternative

fuel technology

(vehicles and infrastructure)

to address energy sustainability

Energy Sustainability

Further advancing

fuel efficiency through

conventional engine hybrid

and other technologies

Climate Change

Escalation of Issues

Reducing air pollution

with conventional

engine technology

Air Quality

Today

present

future

past

“Blue skies for our children”as the guiding force of Honda’s efforts


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Honda’s 1stChallengeFor Air Quality

( Internal Combustion Engines )

“Blue skies for our children”as the guiding force of Honda’s efforts


Honda s first challenge

Honda's First Challenge

Honda Civic the first vehicle to meet the requirements of the 1970 U.S. Clean Air Act.

More than 35 years ago, the concern about global pollution problems first began to gain attention.

First CIVIC

CVCC Engine publication

“Blue skies for our children”as the guiding force of Honda’s efforts


Evolution of gasoline vehicle emission standards

Evolution of Gasoline Vehicle Emission Standards

In 30 years

1

1000

Honda Civic CVCC -First to meet the 1970 U.S. Clean Air Act

11 (7 Mode)

3.4

1.5

HC standard (g/mile)

California :Advanced TechnologyPartial Zero Emissionvehicle

1.0

Tier 0

0.41

Tier I

EURO4

0.25

0.16

SULEV

0.01

1960s

1972

1975

1980

1993

2005

2007 -

Year


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Honda’s 2ndChallengeFor Climate Change

“Blue skies for our children”as the guiding force of Honda’s efforts


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Social Trend of CO2 Concerns


Global average atmosphere temperature

Global Average Atmosphere Temperature

Glacier Upsala , Patagonia, Argentine 1928Copy Right: Archivo Museo Salesiano

Glacier Upsala, Patagonia, Argentine 2004Copy Right: 2004-Beltra

deg C

+0.5

0

1950

1990

2000

Year

Transition of ave. Temperature ( 1961~1990 )

+ 0.5ºC

0.5

0

- 0.5

Red: measured by thermometerBlue: measured from tree, coral and ice sheet

- 1.0

Source : IPCC TAR

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2000

In recent 100 years, the atmospheric temperature has been increasing rapidly,

because of a large increase in CO2 from the consumption of fossil fuels


Ipcc 4th assessment report 2007

IPCC* 4th Assessment Report (2007)

2℃

450ppm

*IPCC=Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

CO2 reduction plan based on the scientific basis proposed to the policymakers

  • Warming of the climate system is now unequivocal.

2.Most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic (human) greenhouse gas concentrations.

3.The reduction plan of greenhouse gas has been proposed to policymakers.

Reduction by half

2050

Target: Reduction by half by 2050 (CO2 concentration 450ppm+2 degrees C)


Economic development and growth of automobile use1

Economic Development and Growth of Automobile Use

UIO Forecast (units in operation)

Source: WBCSD, 2004SMP.

Will increase to 1.3 billion units by 2030

2.0 billion units by 2050

Economic Development in the developing countries will treble the UIO


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Why we need to accelerate electromotive technologies ?


Honda s visions for reducing co 2 emissions

Honda’s Visions for Reducing CO2 Emissions

Reducing CO2 emission from vehicles

: Shift to electromotive technology as one of the most effective ways to reduce CO2 emissions

・ Hybrid Car

  • Produce affordable hybrids within normal car prices

  • Improve the performance of hybrid system by maximizing the potential for internal combustion engine & hybridization

  • Recapture near all the braking / slowing energy for latter use

・ Fuel Cell Vehicles

  • Reduce the cost of FCV’s and infrastructure

  • Improve the awareness and understanding for consumers

・ Battery Electric Vehicles

  • Match current driver quality expectations

  • Deliver a reasonable range

  • Dramatically reduce cost

  • A renewable electric power source


Power source of mobility

Power Source of Mobility

In the Future

Since Karl Benz Motorwagen in 1885

Electric Motor Propulsion

Internal Combustion Enginehas been dominant for over a century

Fossil Fuel(Finite resource)

To be replaced by

  • No emission, No pollution

  • Quiet and comfortable

  • Torqueful and smooth

Battery EV(BEV) and FCV are both EV.

BEV uses Battery as storage, whereas in FCV, FC stack works as an onboard generator.

Exhaust

It will take a long time to switch.

For the time being, half ICE, half electric = Hybridwill be the main stream.


Environmental technology evolution direction

Environmental Technology: Evolution Direction

Honda CO2 Reduction Technology

Alternative

Fuel

Technology

Decrease

IMA

Hybrid

Technology

CO2

Reduction

Clean diesel

i-DTEC

Petrol

Engine

Technology

i-DSI

C V T

i-VTEC

VTEC-E

i-VTEC+VCM

i-VTEC

1990

2000

2010

2020


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Diesel Engines


Honda s diesel application in europe

Honda’s Diesel Application in Europe

’06 beginning

Honda diesel series is expanding in the EU

DPF system also has been launched 2006

’05/Sep

CIVIC

’05/Jul

CR-V (with DPF)

’05/Jan

FR-V

’04/Jan

CR-V

’03/Nov

ACCORD WAGON

ACCORD


Diesel emissions achievement level

Diesel Emissions Achievement Level

0.025

0.02

-75%

0.015

0.01

0.005

0.00

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25

0.0

(g/km)

-85%

A big reduction is required to achieve the same levels as petrol

(g/mile)

(g/km)

EURO IV or NZ’s current standard level

0.04

0.03

Production Model

DPF system

PM

Combustion improvement

0.02

LNC system

BIN5

J Post New

Long Term

0.01

EURO V

0.00

0.2

0.4

(g/mile)

0.1

0.3

0.0

NOx


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Electric Vehicles


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Honda’s Vision for Electric Vehicles

<Battery electric vehicles>

<Electric Motorcycle “EV-neo”>

Plan to lease sale in Japan from Dec.2010

2009 EV-N

Compact city commuter

1997 EV-Plus Leased in Japan, U.S

Hello! “Honda Electric mobility Loop”

FCX Clarity

-Fuel cell electric vehicle

EV-Monpal

EV-Cub

U3-X

EV-N


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Hybrid Vehicles


Honda hybrid vehicles

Honda Hybrid Vehicles

2010

2nd

2009

2005

1st

2004

More than 488,000units sold

(Insight 151,000 units sold)

*as of Mar.2010

2002

1999


Ima concept

IMA Concept

Integrated MotorAssist

The world best environmental performance with advanced technology

Take high-dimensional balance of low fuel consumption and driving comfort by making engine a main power while assisted by motor.

Engine

INTEGRATED

MOTOR

ASSIST

Motor

Transmission

A simple, light-weight, compact

Hybrid system


Ima system

IMA System

Simple, Lightweight, Compact

Integrated Motor Assist (IMA)

Clean & Green

CO2 emission

101

Powertrain

g/km

  • 1.3L i-VTEC <VCM>

Fuel Consumption

4.4

  • CVT designed to match high-output engine

L/100km

Integrated Motor Assist (IMA)

  • High-output, ultra-thin brushless motor

  • Intelligent Power Unit (IPU)

・High-output nickel metal hydride battery

・Battery box with Power Control Unit (PCU)


Ecological drive assist system

Ecological Drive Assist System

74 F

To improve Fuel efficiency / lessen CO2 emission

Clean & Green

  • ECON Mode

Control of:

ECON Button

  • Engine

  • CVT

  • IMA assist and regenerative braking

Supporting fuel-efficient driving

  • Air conditioning

  • Cruise control

Eco Assist™

Ecological Drive Assist System

  • Guidance Function

Color of Speed meter background changes

More fuel efficient

  • Scoring Function

ECO GUIDE

More fuel efficient


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

NEXT ERA TRANSPORTATION

Clean & Green

Usability

Fun

Affordable


Outlook of hybrid vehicle for the future

Outlook of Hybrid Vehicle for the future

Over middle class Hybrid model with the new system under development

FIT/JAZZ HYBRID

201X ??

2010

2010

Expanding small Hybrid models with the Honda’s original Hybrid System (IMA: Integrated Motor Assist)

2009

Over 150,000 units sold in Japansince its launch


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles


Theory of power generation of fuel cell

Theory of Power Generation of Fuel Cell

O2

Oxygen

H2O

Water

Cell

H2

Hydrogen

Electrolyte membrane

Electrode Layer

Diffusion Layer

Separator

E

Electron

MEA

(Membrane Electrode Assembly)

Thickness:couple hundreds mm


What is a fuel cell electric vehicle

What is a Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle?

Generate electricity with hydrogen and oxygen by fuel cell

battery and run by motor

Only by-product is water, Zero-emission vehicle

Oxygen

Hydrogen tank

Electricity

Motor

Fuel Cell

Water

Wheel

Motor

Torque

Electric Power

Hydrogen

Hydrogen tank

Fuel Cell

Water

Oxygen


Actual usage of fcx clarity

Actual Usage of FCX Clarity

●Delivery in Japan : Government offices, companies, taxis

●Delivery in U.S : Private customers (mainly southern CA)

Santa Monica St, CA

Hydrogen station in US:

Same as normal petrol, refuels by customer by him/herself

Irvine St, CA,


Principal specifications

Principal Specifications

US model

4,845x1,845x1,470 mm

100 kW (136ps)

Dimensions

Maximum motor output

1630 kg

256 Nm (26.1kg・m)

Weight

Minimum motor torque

160 km/h

Maximum speed

Energy storage

Lithium-ion battery 288V

620 km

171 L/ 35Mpa

Driving range

Hydrogen tank volume

3-4 minutes

100 kW

Fuel cell stack output

Refueling time

Honda in-house data for US model


Does the cost really drop

Does the Cost Really Drop?

Cost transition of Air bag

1/10

Production

200 times

Cost

10 years

Cost reduction target of fuel cell vehicle

1/100

Cost


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Honda’s 3rdChallengeFor Energy Sustainability

“Blue skies for our children”as the guiding force of Honda’s efforts


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Alternative Fuels


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Flexible Fuel Vehicles


Ethanol fuel including bio ethanol

Ethanol Fuel (including Bio-Ethanol)

100%

10%

20%

25%

100%

E100

gasoline

ethanol

0%

Flexible fuel vehicle (FFV) system that enables gasoline engine-based power plants to operate on either 100% ethanol or a wide range of ethanol-gasoline fuel mixtures was launched in Brazil in 2006


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Bio-Ethanol


Cellulosic ethanol research

Cellulosic Ethanol Research

The edible part of food is not exploited

Cellulose

CO2

Cellulosic ethanol

Ethanol

Proof at carbon neutral cycle and proof of social adaptability


Production process of bio ethanol

Production Process of Bio-Ethanol

CH2OH

CH2OH

CH2OH

H

OH

O

O

O

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

OH

OH

OH

H

H

OH

OH

H

H

OH

OH

OH

OH

H

OH

H

H

H

OH

OH

O

H

H

OH

OH

CH2OH

H

OH

New RITE-Honda manufacturing process

Separation

Saccharification

Ethanol conversion

Edible

part

by microorganisms

Ethanol

C2H5OH

Cellulose

Inedible

part

RITE

Bioprocess

Foodstuffs

Conventional process (Brazil, USA, Sweden…)

Extraction ofsugar/starch

Ethanol fermentation

Oil

Protein

Saccharide

Starch

Ethanol

C2H5OH

Corn / Sugarcane

Glucose / Oligosaccharide


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Hydrogen


Home energy station

Home Energy Station

Supply Hydrogen for Fuel Cell Vehicle

Supply heat and electricity for home

Hydrogen production capacity: 2Nm³/h maximum

Hydrogen storage capacity:132L

Power generation capacity: 4kW or more

heat

Fuel cell

Inverter

electricity

Reformer

Natural

Gas

Purifier

Storage

tank

Fuel CellVehicle

Compressor


Study of hydrogen supply at honda

Study of Hydrogen Supply at Honda

Electric

Power

Solar Energy

Hydrogen

H2

Running a vehicle on

electricity from fuel cells

Hydrogen Production

Electrolysis of water

Honda Solar Cell Module

electrolyzer

Electricity generation

Return to nature

Water

WaterElectrolyzer

High-pressureTanks

Solar hydrogen refueling station

Compressor

Nozzle

Grid


Honda s development of new energy vehicles with a focus on biofuels and electromotive vehicles

Solar Cell


Honda soltec begins sales of thin film solar cells

Honda Soltec Begins Salesof Thin Film Solar Cells

Solar Cell Module Specifications:

Honda Soltec Co., Ltd.:


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