the roman way of life lesson 1 of chapter 12
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The Roman Way of Life Lesson 1 of Chapter 12. The Empire’s Chief City Rome. Carefully planned city with over 1 million people within its population Wealthy Romans lived in large homes on the city’s hills Most Romans lived in crowded, noisy, dirty neighborhoods

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the empire s chief city rome
The Empire’s Chief CityRome
  • Carefully planned city with over 1 million people within its population
  • Wealthy Romans lived in large homes on the city’s hills
  • Most Romans lived in crowded, noisy, dirty neighborhoods
  • To gain the support of Rome’s poor, political leaders offered “bread and circuses”
the roman family
The Roman Family
  • When Rome was a republic, large families were common
  • The father held all the power within the family
  • In later times, fathers lost some of that power, families had fewer children and Roman were more likely to get divorced and remarry
  • Wealthy Roman children were given an education at home
  • As they grew, only boys received further education outside of the home. Poor families received no education
science and art
Science and Art
  • In science, Romans were influenced by a Greek named Galen, he emphasized the importance of anatomy
  • Ptolemy was an important Roman scientist. He focused on the motion of planets and stars

Ptolemy

Galen

engineering skills
EngineeringSkills
  • The Roman’s built roads that allowed the soldiers to travel quickly to different regions
  • Merchants used the roads for travel and trade
  • The engineers also built aqueducts which carried water over long distances to people within the cities
art and architecture
Art and Architecture
  • Greek sculptures differed from Roman sculptures
  • While Greek statues were meant to reflect perfection in people, Roman statues showed flaws such as wrinkles and warts
  • Vaulted ceilings were designed by placing arches next to each other in rows
  • The use of volcanic ash, lime and water made for an extremely sturdy mixture used on many ancient buildings that still stand today.
literature
Literature
  • Romans respected writers and philosophers. They were continuously searching for the meaning of life
  • The Romans honored their gods, but, also wrote comedies about them.
  • They were not afraid to poke fun at the gods, political leaders and heroes
theatre and language
Theatre and Language
  • One of the most popular past times in Rome was attending plays
  • All roles were played by men. Women were only permitted to play as mimes
  • Latin became the language for government, trade and learning until about a.d. 1500
ad