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SSPP Church History. Post-Reformation to Vatican II. The First Vatican Council (1869-1870). The Purpose of the Council. The Documents of the Council. The Council was called to…

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SSPP Church History

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SSPP Church History

Post-Reformation to Vatican II


The First Vatican Council (1869-1870)

The Purpose of the Council

The Documents of the Council

  • The Council was called to…

    • Condemn modernism & rationalism (a heresy that rejects the existence of the supernatural, including the existence of God)

    • Restate the Faith in areas in which it had been attacked

    • Provide safeguards for Christian education & marriage

    • Review clerical life

    • Issue doctrinal statement on the Church

      • Examine the relationship between the Church & the new modern democratic states

  • The Council issued two major documents:

    • Dei Filius: reexamined the relationship between the Church, the Faith, revelation, & reason

    • Pastor Aeternus: defined the role of the pope in the Church & his special charism of infallibility


The First Vatican Council (1869-1870)

Papal Infallibility

The Interruption of the Council

  • These conditions must be present for the pope to teach infallibly, that is, without error

    • He must teach as successor of St. Peter, not just the bishop of Rome

    • The subject must be on a matter of faith & morals

    • The teaching must be binding on all the faithful

    • The pope must declare the teaching to be definitive

  • The Council was interrupted by the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War

    • Pope Pius IX suspended the council indefinitely

    • It was not officially closed until just before the opening of the Second Vatican Council


The Apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (1917)

  • The Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to 3 Portuguese children:

    • Jacinta

    • Francisco

    • Lucia

  • Mary told them that God was greatly offended by the sins of the world

  • She asked for the children & all Catholics to:

    • Pray the Rosary daily

    • Make personal sacrifices for the conversion of sinners

    • To consecrate Russia to her Immaculate Heart


The Apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (1917)

  • There were many supernatural marks verified the authenticity of Fatima

    • Our Lady predicted the ending of World War I

    • Our Lady predicted that World War II would begin during the reign of Pope Pius XI

  • Jacinta, Francisco, & Lucia all lead simple lives of humility & holiness

    • Our Lady predicted that Jacinta & Francisco would die at a young age

    • 15 years after her death, the body of Jacinta was exhumed & was found to be completely incorrupt

    • Lucia went on to become a Discalced Carmelite nun

    • Pope John Paul II beatified Francisco & Jacinta in 2000


The Miracle of the Sun at Fatima

  • Our Lady predicted the “miracle of the sun,” which showed divine approval of Fatima’s message

    • The sun “danced” in the sky before 70,000 eyewitnesses

    • Some were believers, agnostic, atheists, and others who were as far as 25 miles away


The Second Vatican Council (1962-1965)

The Purpose of the Council

Documents of the Council

  • The council was called to…

    • Develop ways to present the teachings of the Church to those who were skeptical

    • Take the Gospel message to a world in desperate need of God’s love after living through 2 world wars

    • Demonstrate the validity of the teachings of the Church rather than condemn erroneous & heretical views

  • There were a total of 16 documents; 4 of them were major documents called:

    • SacrosanctumConcilium: called for a renewal of the Liturgy

    • Lumen Gentium: discussed the Church’s mission

    • Dei Verbum: discussed how the truths of the faith are transmitted, inspired, & interpreted

    • Gaudium et Spes: examined how the Church related to the modern world


The Second Vatican Council (1962-1965)

  • The Council called for the laity to live out the call for holiness

    • It’s not just a call for priests & religious sisters, but we’re all supposed to live lives of holiness

  • The Council also allowed for a greater acceptance of the use of the vernacular languages, but maintained the primacy of Latin


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