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Video. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GBd_55sRY0Q. The Tudor Dynasty. 1485 - 1603. War of the Roses. English Civil War to determine who would take the throne House of York House of Lancaster War lasted from 1453 - 1487 Henry of Lancaster led his house to victory. War of the Roses.

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Video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GBd_55sRY0Q


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The Tudor Dynasty

1485

-

1603


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War of the Roses

  • English Civil War to determine who would take the throne

  • House of York

  • House of Lancaster

  • War lasted from 1453 - 1487

  • Henry of Lancaster led his house to victory


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War of the Roses

  • Henry Tudor became Henry VII of England

  • He married the daughter of the dead leader of the house of York, uniting the two houses

  • The TUDOR Dynasty had begun


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

Henry VIII


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

Young Henry

Baby Henry


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WIFE #1 – CATHERINE OF ARAGON

  • The Beginning:

  • Henry VIII was given permission from the Pope to marry his brother’s widow


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WIFE #1 – CATHERINE OF ARAGON

  • The Problem:

  • Catherine failed to produce a male heir – she only had one surviving child – Mary

  • Henry wanted a divorce, but Pope Clement VII wouldn’t invalidate the marriage

  • Henry tried to get Church to do what he wanted, and appointed Sir Thomas More as English Cardinal


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  • The Result: DIVORCE

  • More wouldn’t support the divorce

  • Henry proceeded to dissolve his ties to the Pope

  • ENGLISH REFORMATION – Henry VIII took control of the English clergy and had himself appointed the head of the Church of England

  • He divorced Catherine and married his lover Anne Boleyn


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WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

  • The Beginning: he began anaffair with Anne Boleyn while still married to his first wife


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WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

  • The Problem: Only had 1 surviving child – a daughter, Elizabeth

  • Henry upset at not having a son, accused Anne of incest and adultery


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WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

  • The Result: BEHEADED

  • Anne was brought to the Tower of London and EXECUTED


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WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

  • Anne’s sister Mary had been one of Henry’s earlier mistresses (the movie The Other Boleyn Girl)

  • Just prior to her execution, Anne’s marriage to Henry was dissolved and considered invalid


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WIFE #3 – Jane Seymour

  • The Beginning:

  • First came to the court in the service of Queen Catherine; later she waited on Queen Anne Boleyn

  • Henry felt she was his first“true wife”


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WIFE #3 – Jane Seymour

  • The Problem:

  • Complications in childbirth


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WIFE #3 – Jane Seymour

  • The Result: DIED

  • She died 2 weeks after giving birth to Henry’s only legitimate son – Edward

  • She is the only one of the 6 wives buried with him.


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WIFE #4 – ANNE OF CLEVES

  • The Beginning:

  • Henry was single for 2 years after Jane died

  • Henry wanted a marriage for political reasons, to form an Alliance between the new English Protestants and German Protestants

  • He hired a painter to find him a potential ally and paint the women who could make it possible – the painter chose Anne of Cleves, from Germany


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WIFE #4 – ANNE OF CLEVES

  • The Problem:

  • Once Henry VIII saw her in person, he found her extremely unattractive

  • He went through with the marriage because of political reasons, but he never was attracted to her or loved her


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WIFE #4 – ANNE OF CLEVES

  • The Result: DIVORCED

  • He could not stand being married to her, and though it cost him politically, he soon divorced her


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WIFE #5 – CATHRYN HOWARD

  • The Beginning:

  • She was a cousin of Anne Boleyn (wife #2)

  • Married her only 16 days after his divorce to Anne – he was 49, she was 19


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WIFE #5 – CATHRYN HOWARD

WIFE #5 – CATHRYN HOWARD

  • The Problem:

  • He was gaining a lot of weight and had an ulcerated leg – it was hard for him to walk and he was becoming morbidly obese

  • He called her his “rose without a thorn”

  • She began having multiple affairs within the castle


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WIFE #5 – CATHRYN HOWARD

  • The Result: BEHEADED

  • She was executed on charges of adultery


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WIFE #6 – Katherine Parr

  • Widowed twice before marrying Henry

  • Became a stabilizing mother figure in home – to Mary, Elizabeth, and Edward

  • Persuaded Henry to bring the daughters back to the castle and reinstate them as his legitimate children

  • She outlived Henry, who diedJanuary 28, 1547

  • It is said by many that this wasthe only wife he truly loved


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To recap…the wives of Henry VIII

CATHERINE OF ARAGON

ANNE BOLEYN

JANE SEYMOUR

ANNE OF CLEVES

CATHRYN HOWARD

KATHERINE PARR


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

  • Edward VI

King Edward VI

  • Crowned at the age of nine

  • Regents ruled during his reign

  • Had a good relationship with his sisters

  • He died at the age of 15 from fever & cough


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

  • Edward VI

  • Mary I

  • “Bloody Mary” – when she took the throne, she returned Catholicism to England, executing anyone involved in the Protestant Reformation

  • She imprisoned Elizabeth, her sister, in the Tower of London when Elizabeth was 21

  • However, Mary wed Phillip of Spain, and shortly afterwards became pregnant

Queen Mary I


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

  • Edward VI

  • Mary I

  • Since she was pregnant with an heir to the throne, she no longer saw Elizabeth as a threat, and released her

  • Her belly continued to swell, but there was no baby

  • Mary died from what is now believed to be a large tumor in her stomach

Queen Mary I


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

  • Edward VI

  • Mary I

  • Elizabeth I

  • Queen Elizabeth I took the throne

  • Considered the best ruler in the history of all of England

  • Nicknamed the “Virgin Queen”

  • Restored Protestantism, but ruled with tolerance

  • Defeat of the Spanish Armada

  • Huge patron of the arts

Elizabeth I


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

  • Edward VI

  • Mary I

  • Elizabeth I

  • ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  • James Inot Tudor – King of Scotland

  • Elizabeth died in 1603 at the age of seventy

  • She had ruled England for 45 years

  • She had no heir to the throne, so the crown passed to King James of Scotland

  • He ruled well, continuing her love and patronage of the arts

  • He also supported religious freedom for the common man

  • King James Bible


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  • TUDOR RULERS

  • Henry VII

  • Henry VIII

  • Edward VI

  • Mary I

  • Elizabeth I

  • ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  • James Inot Tudor – King of Scotland

King James


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