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Do-Now:. Why are relationships between teenagers and parents often difficult? 3 minutes. Chapter 4: Road to Independence. How did the colonies end up writing a Declaration of Independence?. Cause & Effect toward Independence. The French and Indian War (1754-1763)

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Do now

Do-Now:

Why are relationships between teenagers and parents often difficult?

3 minutes


Chapter 4 road to independence

Chapter 4: Road to Independence

How did the colonies end up writing a Declaration of Independence?


Cause effect toward independence

Cause & Effect toward Independence

  • The French and Indian War (1754-1763)

  • Britain wins the war, breaks the bank

  • Sugar, Quartering, Stamp & Townshend Acts (1764-1767)

  • Boston Massacre (1770)

  • Boston Tea Party (1773)

  • The Intolerable Acts (1774)

  • First Continental Congress (1774)

  • Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775)


French and indian war

French and Indian War


Do now

British Empire ca. 1763

The 13 Colonies are one of many British interests


1 2 french indian war 1754 1763

1.-2. French & Indian War (1754-1763)

  • British vs. French & Indian

  • George Washington’s first military service (and failure)

  • Treaty of Paris (1763)

    • British (and colonists) win F&I War

    • Britain also ends Seven Years’ War in Europe

  • Wars leave Britain in debt & looking for $$$$$$$$ in the colonies


3 lots of acts 1764 1767

3. Lots of ‘Acts’ (1764-1767)

Act is another word for Law

  • Sugar, Quartering, Stamp & Townshend Acts

    • To pay debts Britain started new taxes & enforced old ones

    • Some taxes targeted the wealthy and educated

  • Colonial reactions:

    • Partially because of Salutary Neglect the colonists fought the taxes

    • Protests – refusing to pay and public protest

    • Declarations against Acts

    • Sons of Liberty organized boycotts


4 boston massacre

4. Boston Massacre

  • Townshend Acts = Colonists protest

  • British sent troops to stop protests and avoid a possible Rebellion

  • 1770 Colonists threatened British troops

  • British troops fired/ 5 colonists killed, (including one African American)

  • British troops found guilty & British withdrew Townshend Act

  • Colonists (Samuel Adams) coordinated resistance


5 boston tea party

5. Boston Tea Party

  • 1773 British passed the Tea Act

  • Colonists protested by dumping British Tea cargo into the harbor

  • British responded with the so called ‘Intolerable Acts’


6 intolerable acts 1774

6. Intolerable Acts1774

  • Intolerable Acts = British response to Boston Tea Party

    • Closed Boston harbor

    • British appointed a new governor of MA

    • Quartering

    • Stopped colonies expansion plans


Why all the whining about acts taxes

Why all the Whining about Acts/Taxes?

  • Taxation without representation

  • Generations of independence & authority


7 1774 first continental congress

7. 1774, First Continental Congress

  • A united Colonial response to the Intolerable Acts

    • Renewed boycott of British goods

    • Arm & form militias

    • Direct appeal to

      King George III

      voicing complaints


8 1775 battle of lexington concord

8. 1775, Battle of Lexington & Concord

  • British ordered to seize weapon supplies in Concord

  • Paul Revere’s famous ride, warned the ‘Patriots’

  • At Lexington an accidental shot was fired

  • At Concord the British burned supplies

  • British ambushed on return to Boston

  • Revolutionary War had begun 1775 - 1783


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