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《国际结算》讲义 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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《国际结算》讲义. 第一章 国际结算概述 一.国际结算的基本概念 (一)国际结算的概念 国际结算就是国家与国家之间债权债务的清算,是资金自一个国家转移至另一国家的行为。 (二)国际结算产生的原因 1.贸易 2.对外投资和借贷资金的转移 3.政府间的资金收付 4.国际旅游所支付的款项、国外亲友赠款、继承遗产、出国留学所支付的学费等。. 二.国际结算的发展过程

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《国际结算》讲义

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1drawer

2drawee

3payee


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1acceptor

2endorser or indorser

3endorsee or indorsee


4 holder

4holder

123bearer

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5guarantor


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(A bill of exchange is an unconditional order in writing,addressed by one person to another,signed by the person giving it,requiring the person to whom it is addressed to pay on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time a sum certain in money to or to the order of a specified person,or to bearer. )

1exchange

2unconditional order in writing

1

2pay to the order of ..would you please pay to the order of


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3pay to the order of A the sum of pound sterling one thousand only provided that the goods are up to the standard of the contract(A1000)pay A USD 100 out of the sales profits of cotton sweaters(A100)pay A USD 100 from NO.2 ACCOUNT(2A100)

drawn under L/C NO.123 datedissued by bank of CHINA ,SHANGHAI(123)


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3draweeA and B,A or B

4drawers signature

5date and place of issue

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6 place of payment

6place of payment

7tenor

1at sight()on demand()upon presentation()

2

30 days after date(30)one month after date()

90days after sight(90)

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8 amount

8amount

9payee

1restrictive order

pay A onlyA

pay A not transferable(A)

not transferable().

2demonstrative order.

pay to the order of A(A)

pay A or order(A)

pay A(A)

3payable to bearer

pay bearer()

pay A or bearer(A)


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1issue

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2endorsement/indorsement

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1blank endorsement

2special endorsement

Pay to the order of Citi Bank ,New York ()

Bank of china, Shanghai Branch()

3restrictive endorsement

Pay A only.

Pay A for the account of X

Pay A or order for collection.


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3presentation

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4acceptance

1general acceptance

Accepted

Adam smith


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(2)(qualified acceptance)

conditional acceptance

Accepted

Payable on delivery of bill of lading

Adam smith

partial acceptance

USD 10000

accepted

payable for amount of USD 5000 only


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local acceptance

Accepted ,payable at bank of china ,shanghai branch only.

time qualified acceptance

(parties qualified acceptance)


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5payment

6.dishonornotice of dishonor

7protest


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8recourse


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9.guarantee


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discount

()

DVdt/T

DVdtT

NPVD


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1bank draft

2trader darft

1sight bill

2time bill

1traders acceptance bill

2bankers acceptance bill


Cheque

cheque

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Briefly speaking,a cheque is a bill of exchange drawn on a bank payable on demand.

Detailedly speaking,a cheque is an unconditional order in writing addressed by the customer to a bank signed by that customer authorizing the bank to pay on demand a sum certain in money to,or to the order of,a specified person or to bearer.

2

1234

56;(7)


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1uncrossed cheque

(open cheque)

2(crossed cheque)

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Promissory note

promissory note

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A promissory note is an unconditional promise in writing made by one person to another signed by the maker, engaging to pay ,on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time, a sum certain in money ,or to the order, of a specified person or to bearer.

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1;(2)345678


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1remitter

2payee

3remitting bank

4paying bank


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1T/T


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2M/T

3D/D


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T/TM/TD/D

M/TT/T

D/D


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1D/P

1D/P at sight

2D/P at days after sight

2D/A


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580%

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720%


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680%

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1020%


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Due 11 July,2000

Exchange for US5000.00 Beijing

At 90 days after sight pay to C Co. or order

The sum of thousand dollars

To Bank of Europe,

London. For A Company

Beijing

Signature


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A draft for US21787.00 is drawn by China National Animal By Products Imp. &. Exp.Corp., Beijing Branch, Beijing on Bank of Atlantic ,London payable at 90 days sight to the order of ourselves dated 22 May ,2000 marked Drawn under Bank of Atlantic ,London L/C No.1162/2000 dated 21 Jan.,2000.


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90800019943261994456

NPV1dt/T80001690/3607880


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Promissory note for US800 London,8 Sept.,2000

At 60 days after date we promise to pay Beijing Arts Corp. or order the sum of eight hundred dollars

For bank of Europe,

London.

signature


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