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The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart. Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control.

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ch 6 sec 1 tighter british control

The Colonies & Britain Grow Apart

Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- the colonists had helped the British win the French & Indian War, so they were very upset when England passed the Proclamation of 1763, denying them access to the fertile Ohio River Valley to prevent another “Pontiac Rebellion”

- the colonists were used to England’s salutary neglect policy, so this was not a change they welcomed!

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British Troops & Taxes

Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- by 1765, King George III wanted to keep the peace with the Native Americans, so he enforced the Quartering Act

- colonists were forced to house 10,000 British soldiers and providethem with supplies!

- most of the soldiers were placed in the colony of New York

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Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- because England was in debt after the French & Indian War, they were forced to increase their revenue

- they did this by charging the colonists for their frontier defense, colonial government, and involvement in the French & Indian War!!!

- England started taxing the colonists directly

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- in 1764, England passed the Sugar Act, which placed a tax on sugar & molasses

Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- colonial merchants traded these goods, so they reacted angrily at being taxed

- colonists were not represented in Parliament, so colonists like James Otis claimed they had no right to tax them

- Otis claimed, “Taxation without representation is tyranny!”, but the English said they were subject to their laws & taxes

James Otis

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Britain Passes the Stamp Act

Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- in 1765, England passed the StampAct which taxed papers, letters, contracts, and diplomas

- taxes had to be paid in silver coin, which was a rarity for the colonists

- Samuel Adams, a leader in the Massachusetts legislature argued that what was to stop England from taxing everything, including their land?

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Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- Patrick Henry, a member of Virginia’s House of Burgesses, called for a resistance to the tax

- when another member shouted that resistance was treason, Henry replied, “If this be treason, make the most of it!”

Patrick Henry

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The Colonies Protest the Stamp Act

Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- colonial assemblies & newspapers took up the cry, “No taxation without representation!”

- colonists got together in New York City to petition the Stamp Act and decided it was the assemblies right to tax, not Parliament’s

- thus, colonial merchants organized a boycott, or a refusal to buy, on British goods

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- some colonists formed secret societies to oppose British policies & the most famous group was the Sons of Liberty

Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- they would burn paper & tar and feather customs officials

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- some British political leaders, including William Pitt, spoke out against the Stamp Act and began siding with the Americans

Ch.6, Sec.1 – Tighter British Control

- the Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament in A.D. 1766

- in its place, they passed the Declaratory Act, which gave Parliament supreme authority to govern the colonies

- the central issue was control of the colonies by A.D. 1767

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