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The Rise of Realism. Pages 378-395. The Civil War to 1914. Painting: Home, Sweet Home (1863) by Winslow Homer. Civil War: What do you know?. Why was the war fought? (382-386) How was the war fought? What did the fighting look like? (382-386) What was the result of the war? (380, 386)

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The rise of realism

The Rise of Realism

Pages 378-395

The Civil War to 1914


Home, Sweet Home (1863)

by Winslow Homer

Civil war what do you know
Civil War: What do you know?

  • Why was the war fought? (382-386)

  • How was the war fought? What did the fighting look like? (382-386)

  • What was the result of the war? (380, 386)

  • Was any war literature produced? Why or why not? (388-389)

  • After the Civil War, what type of writers emerged and what did they write about? (391)

Literature during this period
Literature During this Period

  • Short stories, novels, poetry, muckraking journalism

  • Famous Writers:

The only reason for the existence of a novel is that I does attempt to represent life.

-Henry James

Elements of realism
Elements of Realism

  • Write about ordinary characters & realistic events

  • Avoid the exotic, sensational, and overly dramatic

  • Use everyday speech patterns to reveal class and geographic distinctions (regionalism)

  • Focus on ethical struggles and social issues of real-life situations

    What are realists reacting against???

Page 391

Psychological realism inside the human mind
Psychological Realism: Inside the Human Mind

  • Look at why ordinary people behave the way they do: character motivation

  • Look at how social and psychological situations influence behavior

  • Juxtapose human illusions with the indifference of the universe

  • Henry James & Stephen Crane

Elements of naturalism an offshoot of realism
Elements of Naturalism (an offshoot of realism)

  • Analyze human behavior objectively like a scientist

  • Belief that human behavior is determined by heredity and environment

  • Sense that humans cannot control their own destinies

  • Sense of life as a losing battle against an uncaring universe

Page 393-394