Chapter 1: Origins, ca. 400,000-1100 B.C.E. i>Clicker Questions. Which of the following best defines civilization ?. A system of manners and social conduct A system of social and political organization and shared way of thinking and believing
Which of the following best defines civilization?
Why did American educational leaders create the “Western civilization” course?
Artifacts discovered at Avebury and similar stone circle sites prove which of the following?
During the Neolithic era, the development of agriculture and transition to settled life
The Sumerian system of writing transition to settled life
In Neolithic society, the building of walls transition to settled life
The patriarch of a tribe in Sumerian society transition to settled life
Which of the following was a consequence of the harsh environment of Sumer?
Which of the following environment of Sumer? best characterizes slaves in Sumerian society?
How did the Hittites interact with their powerful Egyptian and Babylonian neighbors?
Answer Key for Chapter 1 and Babylonian neighbors?
Chapter 2: Small Kingdoms and Mighty Empires in the Near East, ca. 1100-513 B.C.E.
How did the fall of the large empires of Egypt and the Hittites affect the small kingdoms of the Near East (the Phoenicians and the Hebrews)?
How were the Libyans affected by their conquests in Egypt? Hittites affect the small kingdoms of the Near East (the Phoenicians and the Hebrews)?
As they moved into Palestine, how did the Hebrews interact with their neighbors?
When Israel divided after the death of Solomon, what central difference emerged between Israel and Judah?
How did the kingdom of Judah survive Assyrian expansion? difference emerged between Israel and Judah?
As nomadic Hebrews transitioned to settled agriculture, how was their society transformed?
How did Persia’s central geographic feature—a broad central plateau in the heart of the country—affect the region’s development?
What innovation did the Assyrians bring to palace artwork? central plateau in the heart of the country—affect the region’s development?
What was the central theme of the teaching of Zoroaster? central plateau in the heart of the country—affect the region’s development?
Answer Key for Chapter 2 of Zoroaster?
Which one of the following B.C.E.best characterizes Mycenaean society?
The political center of the polis, where shops, public buildings, and courts were located, was called the
What was the fundamental effect of Pisistratus’s reign as tyrant in Athens?
How did the process of colonization affect the Greeks? tyrant in Athens?
Every four years the Athenians held their most important religious festival in which they processed to
How did the Megarian Decree seek to punish Megara? religious festival in which they processed to
What did Greek mystery cults offer their initiates? religious festival in which they processed to
Which of the following statements religious festival in which they processed to best describes the meaning of the plays of Sophocles?
Answer Key for Chapter 3 temples?
As Alexander launched his journey of conquest, who accompanied him in addition to the military?
In order to promote political unity, to whom did the Hellenistic monarchs link themselves?
Why did Hellenistic monarchs seek to make their states resemble the Greek polis?
The Seleucid dynasty adopted Hellenization most significantly because
Why didn’t innovations in manufacturing technologies occur during the Hellenistic period?
What major advantage did the mystery religions have over the older Greek mystery cults?
Which one of the following older Greek mystery cults? best characterizes Jews in Hellenistic cities?
Why was the city of Alexandria in Egypt an important intellectual center?
How did the new military machinery affect warfare? intellectual center?
Answer Key for Chapter 4 intellectual center?
Chapter 5: The Rise of Rome, ca. 750-31 B.C.E. intellectual center?
Why did the senate gain prestige and power in the early republic of Rome?
How did the political power of the plebeians change during the course of the early Roman republic?
How did the Roman conquests develop? the course of the early Roman republic?
The the course of the early Roman republic? pax Romana refers to
How did Roman conquests affect Roman society? the course of the early Roman republic?
What native artistic tradition did Roman artists sustain despite influences from Greece?
Why was Cleopatra hated by the Roman people when she came to Rome with Julius Caesar?
Answer Key for Chapter 5 to veterans?
Chapter 6: The Pax Romana, 31 B.C.E.-284 C.E. to veterans?
The Augustan settlement included all of the following to veterans? except
How did Augustus reform the Roman army? to veterans?
What form did same-sex relationships between men typically take in the Augustan era?
How did authorities distinguish between citizens and noncitizens in Rome?
How was daily life in the provinces of Asia Minor different from daily life in northern Europe?
What was the central belief of Jewish militant apocalypticism in the first century C.E.?
For the earliest Christians, what did the belief in Jesus’ resurrection signify?
How was farming life threatened in the third century C.E.? resurrection signify?
How did the Christian thinker Justin Martyr seek to reconcile pagan culture with Christianity?
Answer Key for Chapter 6 reconcile pagan culture with Christianity?
Chapter 7: Late Antiquity, 250-600 reconcile pagan culture with Christianity?
How did Diocletian and Constantine emphasize the exalted position of the emperor as the “elect of god”?
How did the growing raids from barbarians affect the local relationships between landlords and small landholders?
Why did Christians have great respect for monks? relationships between landlords and small landholders?
Runic inscriptions provide information about barbarian societies from what regions?
During the third and fourth centuries, how were barbarian war bands transformed?
How did the Romans respond when crop failures and famine affected their Visigoth allies?
The Visigothic state in southern France and Spain was overthrown by
How did the practice of confessions change from early Christianity to the fifth century?
What did the Law Code of Justinian accomplish? Christianity to the fifth century?
Answer Key for Chapter 7 Christianity to the fifth century?
The Bedouins and urbanized Arabs of the sixth century shared what common characteristic?
What is the essential element in the Islamic idea of jihad? what common characteristic?
Which one of the following does what common characteristic? not correctly characterize the Moorish city of Córdoba?
Islamic scholars made important advancements in which two fields of study?
How did Charlemagne justify his long battles in Germany? fields of study?
In the Carolingian Renaissance, what was the main purpose of the revival of learning?
Which of the following concerning Viking boats is the revival of learning? not true?
What did the Frankish king Charles the Simple give the Vikings to buy them off during an invasion?
Which of the following was Vikings to buy them off during an invasion? not a common practice of manorialism?
What fundamental principle did the French crown seek to establish in appointing royal agents in the provinces?
How did Roger de Hauterville create political innovations after he captured Sicily?
Why did Frederick II found the University of Naples? after he captured Sicily?
How were popes selected in the tenth century? after he captured Sicily?
How did the investiture controversy affect political power in the German-speaking lands?
How did the Crusaders organize the territory they conquered in the First Crusade?
In the Fourth Crusade, whom did the Crusaders attack? in the First Crusade?
Why did German emperor Otto I establish a string of dioceses along his northern and eastern borders?
Which of the following is 1000-1300not a category within the popular image of society in the High Middle Ages?
How did the productivity of agricultural communities improve in the tenth and eleventh centuries?
Which of the following does in the tenth and eleventh centuries? not correctly characterize medical care during the twelfth century?
Which one of the following saints? best characterizes the chivalric ideal?
Where did noble girls receive experience as servants or ladies in waiting?
How did abbeys parallel the larger society? ladies in waiting?
Answer Key for Chapter 10 convents?
Chapter 11: The Creativity and Challenges of Medieval Cities, 1100-1300
Which of the following was Cities, 1100-1300not the typical origin of a medieval town?
The Hanseatic League was towns?
How did Peter Abelard’s scholarship differ from most of his colleagues?
What themes infused the poems and songs of the troubadours? his colleagues?
What was the central innovation of Gothic architecture? his colleagues?
How did the urban environment affect the Dominican and Franciscan orders?
How did the new orders of Dominicans and Franciscans differ from the Benedictine tradition?
Answer Key for Chapter 11 from the Benedictine tradition?
Chapter 12: The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages, 1300-1450 from the Benedictine tradition?
Why did storms and poor weather directly affect local populations in the High Middle Ages?
In addition to fleas, how else was the plague typically spread in the fourteenth century?
How did the English Parliament expand its authority during the course of the 100 Years’ War?
How did the Lollards challenge traditional gender roles? the course of the 100 Years’ War?
How did the guild structure change in some fourteenth-century manufacturing?
How does Chaucer’s resulted in Canterbury Tales reflect the cultural tensions of the fourteenth century?
Answer Key for Chapter 12 resulted in
What did Giorgio Vasari mean by using the word 1350-1550renaissance?
How did the nobility in northern Italy respond to the growth of power and wealth among the urban merchant guilds?
How did the Renaissance writers interpret Julius Caesar’s role in Roman history?
In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, how did art in northern Europe differ from art in Italy?
What general attitudes did Europeans have toward Africa? northern Europe differ from art in Italy?
How did the French monarchy and the papacy resolve the conflict over the appointment of church officials?
In reorganizing his royal power, to whom did Charles VII of France give more influence?
Answer Key for Chapter 13 France give more influence?
Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars, 1500-1600 France give more influence?
In the early sixteenth century, men and women demonstrated their religious piety through all of the following means except
How did Luther justify his rejection of the peasants in the Peasants’ War?
Why did Henry VIII believe that God was displeased with his marriage to Catherine of Aragon?
How did Henry VIII dispose of lands seized from the church? marriage to Catherine of Aragon?
How do many historians understand the developments within the Catholic Church after the Reformation as two movements?
What was the goal of the French at the Council of Trent? the Catholic Church after the Reformation as two movements?
Why did inquisitions often the Catholic Church after the Reformation as two movements? not lead to the executions of accused witches?
Answer Key for Chapter 14 states?
Why did fierce competition emerge over fishing for cod in the waters off Newfoundland?
How role did the intendants serve in Spanish America? the waters off Newfoundland?
What crop did the Spanish establish over their entire domain in the Americas?
Michel de Montaigne made use of the tradition of skepticism, which emphasized
William Shakespeare’s which emphasized Othello seems to echo
Answer Key for Chapter 15 which emphasized
Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism, ca. 1589-1725 which emphasized
In Western Europe, which of the following was which emphasized not one of the primary groups within rural life?
How did the urban-rural dynamic change in Eastern Europe in the seventeenth century?
What was Richelieu’s main foreign policy goal? the seventeenth century?
In Austria and Prussia, what did nobles receive in exchange for growing monarchical authority?
How did Ivan IV seek to crush the power of the boyars? for growing monarchical authority?
How did the Ottomans establish an effective bureaucracy? for growing monarchical authority?
Why were religious tensions in England increasing in the early seventeenth century?
How did the coronation of William and Mary resolve the issue of sovereignty in England?
The Catholic Church wanted the baroque movement to promoted what sensibility?
Answer Key for Chapter 16 what sensibility?
Chapter 17: Toward a New Worldview, 1540-1789 what sensibility?
What was the central component of Isaac Newton’s unified system of the universe?
What did Montesquieu believe was the central condition to promote liberty and prevent tyranny?
What role did the salonnières play within salons? promote liberty and prevent tyranny?
What was the principle idea of cameralism? for monarchy?
Answer Key for Chapter 17 for monarchy?