STAGES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

STAGES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 763 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Stage 1: Trust vs. Mistrust . Infancy: birth to 18 monthsChildren develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliability, care and affection.A lack of this will lead to mistrustVocabulary word: marasmus: to die from a lack of human touch, warmth (monkey experiment). Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame

Download Presentation

STAGES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


1. STAGES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development

2. Stage 1: Trust vs. Mistrust Infancy: birth to 18 months Children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliability, care and affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust Vocabulary word: marasmus: to die from a lack of human touch, warmth (monkey experiment)

3. Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt Early childhood (2 – 3 years) Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and A sense of independence (“NO!”) Success leads to feelings of autonomy Failure results in feelings of shame, doubt Key tasks: toilet training, gross, fine motor skills

4. Stage 3: Initiative vs. Guilt Preschool (3 to 5 years) Key task: Exploration Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment Success at this stage leads to a sense of purpose Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt Unstructured free play, “superheroes” important

5. Stage 4: Industry vs. Inferiority School age: 6 – 11 years Key event: school Children need to cope with new social, academic demands Success leads to a sense of competence Failure results in feelings of inferiority

6. Stage 5: Identity vs. Role Confusion Adolescence (12 – 18 years) Key element: Social relationships Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity Success leads to an ability to stay true to oneself Failure leads to role confusion and weak sense of self Moving towards independence, autonomy

7. Stage 6: Intimacy vs. Isolation Young adulthood (19 – 40 years) Key: relationships Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people Success leads to strong relationships Failure leads to loneliness, isolation Intimacy: Not sex; emotional intimacy=the ability to reveal your true self to another

8. Stage 7: Generativity vs. Stagnation Middle adulthood: 40- 65 years Key: Work, parenthood Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them (children, positive change that benefits others) Success leads to feelings of usefulness, accomplishment Failure results in shallow involvement in the world, emptiness, ‘something missing’

9. Stage 8: Ego Integrity vs. Despair Maturity (65 – death) Key: Reflection on one’s life Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment Success leads to feelings of wisdom, peace Failure results in regret, bitterness, despair

  • Login