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Quick LaTeX Tutorial. LaTeX Tutorial. Why do you want to learn LaTeX? Nuts and Bolts of LaTex Examples. Why you want to learn LaTeX. Very powerful control of document generation, particularly large technical documents Minimizes the drudgery of formatting, numbering, and referencing

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Latex tutorial
LaTeX Tutorial

  • Why do you want to learn LaTeX?

  • Nuts and Bolts of LaTex

  • Examples


Why you want to learn latex
Why you want to learn LaTeX

  • Very powerful control of document generation, particularly large technical documents

  • Minimizes the drudgery of formatting, numbering, and referencing

  • Disadvantage:

    • Steep Learning Curve


Latex platforms
LaTeX Platforms

  • Scientific Workplace

    • (Commercial Package)

  • UNIX Systems (LyX)

    • (Free)

  • MikTex and WinEdt

    • PC Shareware


Latex resources
LaTeX Resources

  • http://www.ctan.org

  • http://www.colorado.edu/ITS/docs/latex/Ref/

  • The Not So Short Introduction to LaTeX 2e (Tobias Oetiker)

  • Math Into LaTeX (George Gratzer)


The latex process
The LaTeX Process

  • Create a text file (with your favorite text editor) with LaTeX commands

  • “Compile” or “Build” your document using the LaTeX program

  • Display resulting Document

  • Continue writing and go to 1 until finished

  • Convert Document to Postscript or PDF



Source code of your first latex document fish tex
Source code of your first LaTeX document(fish.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

My mother is a fish.

\end{document}


Commands to build and view document

To use xdvi viewer

% latex fish.tex

% xdvi fish.dvi

To use acroread

% pdflatex fish.tex

% acroread fish.pdf

Commands to Build and View Document


Emphasizing words fish tex
Emphasizing words(fish.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\emph{My mother} is a fish.

\end{document}


Underlining words fish tex
Underlining words(fish.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\emph{My mother} is a

\underline{fish}.

\end{document}


Making references in latex fish tex
Making references in LaTeX(fish.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\emph{My mother} is a \underline{fish} \cite{WF}.

\begin{thebibliography}{99}

\bibitem{WF}

William Falkner, \emph{As I Lay Dying}

\end{thebibliography}

\end{document}


Need to compile the document twice
Need to compile the document twice

  • Because we are using symbolic references, e.g., \cite{WF}, a second pass is necessary

  • The second pass will resolve references


Sum equation example sum tex
Sum Equation Example(sum.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation} \label{E:sum}

s = \sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}

\end{equation}

\end{document}


Sum of squares equation example sum squares tex
Sum of Squares Equation Example (sum_squares.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation}

\label{E:sum_squares}

s2 = \sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}^{2}

\end{equation}

\end{document}


Mean equation example mean tex
Mean Equation Example(mean.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation} \label{E:mean}

\bar{x} = \frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}} {n}

\end{equation}

\end{document}


Mean equation example with limits mean limits tex
Mean Equation Examplewith limits (mean_limits.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation} \label{E:mean}

\bar{x} = \frac{\sum\limits_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}} {n}

\end{equation}

\end{document}


Variance equation example variance tex
Variance Equation Example (variance.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation} \label{E:variance}

\sigma^{2} = \frac{\sum\limits_{i=1}^{n}

\left(x_{i} - \bar{x}\right)^{2}}

{n-1}

\end{equation}

\end{document}


Standard deviation equation example sd tex
Standard Deviation Equation Example (sd.tex)

\documentclass{report}

\begin{document}

\chapter{Standard Deviation}

\begin{equation} \label{E:sd}

\sigma = \sqrt{\frac{\sum\limits_{i=1}^{n}

\left(x_{i} - \bar{x}\right)^{2}}

{n-1}}

\end{equation}

\end{document}


Changing the document styles
Changing the document styles

\documentclass{article}

\documentclass{book}

\documentclass{letter}

\documentclass{report}


Report document style main tex
Report document style(main.tex)

\documentclass{report}

\title{Assignment 2 for SIMG726}

\author{Rolando V. Raque\~no}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\tableofcontents

\end{document}


Create the following chapters
Create the following chapters

chapter_sum.tex

chapter_mean.tex

chapter_sd.tex


Chapter mean tex
chapter_mean.tex

\chapter{Mean} \label{C:Mean}

\begin{equation} \label{E:mean}

\bar{x} = \frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}} {n}

\end{equation}


Chapter sum tex
chapter_sum.tex

\chapter{Sum} \label{C:Sum}

\begin{equation} \label{E:sum}

s = \sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}

\end{equation}


Chapter sd tex
chapter_sd.tex

\chapter{Standard Deviation} \label{C:SD}

\begin{equation} \label{E:sd}

\sigma = \sqrt{\frac{\sum\limits_{i=1}^{n}

\left(x_{i} - \bar{x}\right)^{2}}

{n-1}}

\end{equation}


Modify main tex to include chapters
Modify main.tex to include chapters

\documentclass{report}

\title{Assignment 2 for SIMG726}

\author{Rolando V. Raque\~no}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\tableofcontents

\include{chapter_sum}

\include{chapter_mean}

\include{chapter_sd}

\end{document}


Modify chapter sd tex
Modify chapter_sd.tex

\chapter{Standard Deviation} \label{C:SD}

\end{equation}

We can see that equation \ref{E:sd} uses equation

\ref{E:mean} to compute the mean and that the \emph{Mean}

function uses equation \ref{E:sum} both of which are defined

in Chapter \ref{C:Sum} and \ref{C:Mean}, respectively


Modify main tex to include chapters1
Modify main.tex to include chapters

\documentclass{report}

\title{Assignment 2 for SIMG726}

\author{Rolando V. Raque\~no}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\tableofcontents

\include{chapter_mean}

\include{chapter_sum}

\include{chapter_sd}

\end{document}


Including image graphics into you latex document
Including image graphics into you LaTeX document

  • Need to convert your image graphics into EPS (encapsulated postscript).

    • For images, use pnmtops, e.g.

      % pnmtops MyCat.pgm > MyCat.ps

  • Need to include an extension package to LaTeX called “graphics” using command

    \usepackage{graphics}

  • N.B. In CIS systems, following example works for latex but not for pdflatex


Image graphics example image tex
Image Graphics Example(image.tex)

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{graphics}

\begin{document}

\begin{figure}

\includegraphics{MyCat.ps}

\caption{This is My Cat} \label{F:MyCat}

\end{figure}

\end{document}


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