Chapter 8 section 3
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Chapter 8 Section 3. Nationalism. Types of Nationalist Movements. 1. Unification - Mergers of politically divided by culturally similar lands - Examples- Italy and Germany 2. Separation - Culturally distinct group resists being added to a state or tries to break away

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Chapter 8 Section 3

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Chapter 8 section 3

Chapter 8 Section 3

Nationalism


Types of nationalist movements

Types of Nationalist Movements

  • 1. Unification

    • - Mergers of politically divided by culturally similar lands

    • - Examples- Italy and Germany

  • 2. Separation

    • -Culturally distinct group resists being added to a state or tries to break away

    • - Examples-Greece, Mexico

  • 3. State- Building

    • -Culturally different groups form into a new state by accepting a single culture.

    • - examples- The U.S. and Turkey


Nationalism shakes aging empires

Nationalism Shakes Aging Empires

  • 1. The Austrian Empire

    • - Slovenes, Hungarians, Germans, Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, Poles, Serbs, and Italians

    • - Austro- Prussian war lose German States

    • - Hungarians pressure Emperor Francis Joseph to split empire in two (Austria- Hungary)

    • - After WWI breaks into several Nation- States

  • 2. The Russian Empire

    • - Ukrainians, Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians, Estonians, Finns, Jews, Romanians, Georgians, Armenians, and Turks

    • - Try Russificationbut it backfires and strengthens nationalist sentiments

    • - WWI and the communist revolution finally dissolve it in 1917

  • 3. The Ottoman Empire

    • - Greeks, Slavs, Arabs, Bulgarians, and Armenians

    • -Give equal citizenship to all people in 1856 leads to many problems

    • -Finally breaks up after WWI


Italy

Italy

  • 1. Camilodi Cavour named Sardinia’s Prime minister.

    • - Wants to Unite Northern Italy

    • - With France’s help defeat Austria and get’s all of Northern Italy except Venetia

    • - Secretly helps Nationalist rebels in Southern Italy

  • 2. Giuseppe Garibaldi

    • - Nationalist leader captures Sicily in May 1860

    • - After Sicily goes north and captures more of Italy

    • - Agreed to unite lands he had gained with those held by Piedmont- Sardinia. Sardinian king rules.

  • 3. Italy United

    • - 1866 Venetia taken

    • -1870 Papal states under Italian control


Germany

Germany

  • 1. Prussia

    • - Prussia mainly has a German Population

    • - Had most powerful army in Central Europe

    • - 1848 Berlin rioters force a constitutional convention and write a liberal constitution.

  • 2. Otto von Bismarck

    • - King Wilhelm needs support with new parliament

    • -Chooses Otto von Bismarck a conservative Junker to be his Prime Minister

  • -Bismarck master of realpolitik- “the politics of reality” tough power politics with no room for idealism

    • - Bismarck declares he will rule without the consent of parliament and without a legal budget

    • -1864 Prussia forms and alliance with Austria and goes to war with Denmark- gains two border provinces

  • 3. Seven Weeks War

    • -Prussia provokes Austria into war.

    • - Prussia wins devastating victory and humiliates Austria.

    • - Prussia takes control of Northern Germany

  • 4. Franco Prussian War

    • - By 1867 only a few southern German states not under Prussian Control

    • - S. Germans mainly Catholic while Prussians Protestant

    • -Bismarck thinks war with France will rally the South to their side

    • -Prussia lies about France until France finally declares war in 1870

    • - Franco-Prussian war stirs up Nationalist feelings in the South- They join Prussia in 1871.


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