Chapter 22: The Spread of Islam Section One - Islam Teams – Games – Tournament ANSWERS Bedouins The act of submitting Muhammad “The God” of the followers of Islam Makkah or Mecca Pilgrims Arabia’s holiest shrine
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They asked advice from their most trusted friends.
Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Persia, Egypt and North Africa
They were united by a common goal. It helped save them an eternal place in Paradise after death. They were mentally and physically tough. They handled their camels and horses with great skill.
Those who gave in without a fight had to pay taxes but were protected and allowed to keep their land. Those who fought paid taxes and lost their land.
They reorganized the government. They made Arabic the official language. They minted the first Arabic money. They set up postal routes. They built irrigation canals and mosques, and encouraged the arts.
People who became Muslims complained they were not treated the same as those who were born Muslims.
Shi’ites – believed the caliph should be a descendant of Ali; Sunnites - followed the Rightly Guided Caliphs.
Golden Age of Islam
He stood between the throne and the people. He took charge of running the empire and chose the governors of the provinces.
It was one of the major trading centers of the world.
The world’s store of knowledge was advanced greatly. Mathematics and scientific achievements were recorded. Farming techniques improved and trade made many Arabs rich.
Chess and polo
Muslim Arabs who conquered North Africa and intermarried with the Berbers
Beautiful buildings like the Alhambra were built throughout the country.
Women were entitled to half their husband’s wealth and could inherit property.
The man had to be able to afford and deal fairly with more than one wife.