Psychological Disorders. By Aaron, Kevin, Jason, and Munch. Abnormal Behavior. Can be distinguished with three criteria... Deviant - atypical or statistically unusual women taking 7 showers a day Maladaptive - it interferes with a person’s ability to function effectively in the world
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By Aaron, Kevin, Jason, and Munch
Can be distinguished with three criteria...
Psychiatrists and psychologists have devised systems classifying abnormal behaviors called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) classification system. It uses 5 axis.
Axis I - All diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis II - Personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis III - General medical conditions
Axis IV - Physical and environmental problems
Axis V - Current level of functioning
The most controversial aspects are…
1. The manual classifies individuals based off of symptoms, using the traditional type of thinking that mental disorders are a type of disease. This implies abnormalities have an internal cause that is independent of the environment
2. It focuses strictly on pathology and problems, instead of emphasizing strengths as well
Structural brain abnormalities:
Association of Genes with Schizophrenia
The criteria for antisocial personality disorder include
Borderline Personality Disorder is indicated by the presence of 5 or more of the following symptoms
Man hospitalized with symptoms of ASPD
= irreversible surgery of brain tissue
Kevin- Abnormal Behavior
Aaron- Dissociative Disorders
Taylor- Schizophrenia and Personality Disorders