Module 23
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 7

Module 23 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 39 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Module 23. Studying and building memories. What type of memory is it?. Recall (fill in the blank) Recognition (multiple choice) Relearning – learning things more quickly the second time – it comes back to you quicker than it took to originally learn it.

Download Presentation

Module 23

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Module 23

Module 23

Studying and building memories


What type of memory is it

What type of memory is it?

  • Recall (fill in the blank)

  • Recognition (multiple choice)

  • Relearning – learning things more quickly the second time – it comes back to you quicker than it took to originally learn it.

  • Encoding – put it in a language you can understand

  • Storage – filing it away for future retrieval/use

  • Retrieval – pulling the information out to use it


Module 23

  • Sensory memory (fleeting)

  • Short-term memory

  • Long-term memory

  • Working memory (linking new info with previously stored information – like an active desktop

  • *************************************

  • Types of memory (p. 316)

  • Space – remembering where on a page info is located

  • Time – remembering sequence of events – retrace steps

  • Frequency – remembering that something has happened repeatedly today without consciously noting it at the time.


Encoding and effortful processing

Encoding and effortful processing -

  • How much can be stored in short term memory? Approximately 5-7 bits of information.

  • About 7 digits

  • About six letters

  • About 5 words

  • Obviously working memory capacity varies.

  • Sensory Memory (momentary image or echo of sound) feeds working memory.

  • Iconic Memory

  • Fleeting sensory memory of visual stimuli.

  • Echoic Memory

  • fleeting memory for auditory stimuli.


Hey pay attention to this

Hey – pay attention to this!

  • Whatever our age, our brains do a better job – work more efficiently – when focused, without distractions, one task at a time.

  • (I think I have mentioned this before – be sure, you will hear it again!)

  • Remember FISH?


Effortful processing strategies

Effortful Processing Strategies -

  • Chunking – organizing information into familiar, manageable units – it is more effective when personally meaningful.

  • Mnemonics – using imagery – mental pictures – better when concrete/visualizable rather than nonsense/abstract.

  • Hierarchies - grouped into categories – outlines – headings & details

  • Distributed Practice – spacing effect vs. massed practice (cramming) – repeated self-testing – (testing effect)


Shallow processing vs deep processing

Shallow processing vs. Deep processing

  • Sound vs. Meaning

  • More meaningful processing – better chance of retention

  • Make the material personally meaningful – (I try to help here.)

  • You can do this as you read/study – relate it to your own experience

  • Self-reference effect is particularly true for Western cultures.

  • The point to remember here: The amount remembered depends both on the time spent learning and on your making it meaningful for deep processing.


  • Login