Change in the sixties and seventies
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Change in the Sixties and Seventies. The Music of Youth: Rock ’n ’ Roll. Rock ’n ’ Roll Alan Freed ( 1921–1965 ) “rhythm and blues” Elvis Presley ( 1935–1977 ) “Folk” Music Peter Seeger ( b . 1919) Joan Baez ( b . 1941) Bob Dylan ( b . 1941) The Kingston Trio Peter, Paul, and Mary.

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Change in the Sixties and Seventies

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Change in the sixties and seventies

Change in the Sixties and Seventies


The music of youth rock n roll

The Music of Youth:Rock ’n’ Roll

  • Rock ’n’ Roll

    • Alan Freed (1921–1965)

    • “rhythm and blues”

    • Elvis Presley (1935–1977)

  • “Folk” Music

    • Peter Seeger (b. 1919)

    • Joan Baez (b. 1941)

    • Bob Dylan (b. 1941)

    • The Kingston Trio

    • Peter, Paul, and Mary


The british invasion the beatles

The British Invasion:The Beatles

  • John Lennon (1940–1980)

  • Paul McCartney (b. 1942)

  • George Martin (b. 1926)

  • “Concept albums”


A new challenge

A New Challenge

  • Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)


Rock n roll becomes rock

Rock ’n’ Roll Becomes Rock

  • The Who, Tommy (1969)

    • Rock opera

    • “progressive rock”


Fusion

Fusion

  • Jazz-rock fusion

    • Miles Davis (1926–1991)

      • In a Silent Way (1969); Bitches Brew (1970)

  • Third Stream

    • GuntherSchuller (b. 1925)

    • confluence of Western art music and jazz

    • Modern Jazz Quartet


The rise of minimalism

The Rise of Minimalism

  • Minimalism

    • “pattern and process music”

    • experimental classical tradition

    • non-Western music

    • jazz and rock


La monte young b 1935

La Monte Young (b. 1935)

  • Composition 1960 No. 7

    • B-F# “hold for a long time”

  • String Trio

  • PanditPranNath

  • Marian Zazeela (b. 1940)

  • Theater of Eternal Music


Riley s in c

Riley’s In C

  • Terry Riley (b. 1935)

  • Mescalin Mix

    • tape loops

  • In C (1964)

    • 53 numbered “modules” for “any number of any kind of instruments”


Classical minimalism steve reich

“Classical” Minimalism:Steve Reich

  • Steve Reich (b. 1936)

  • West African Drumming and Balinese gamelan

  • It’s Gonna Rain (1965)

  • Come Out (1966)

    • tape pieces

    • phasing


Phase music

Phase Music

  • Piano Phase (1967)

    • for two pianos

    • phasing for performers

  • Drumming (1971)

    • “rhythmic construction” “rhythmic reduction”


Reich s music for 18 musicians

Reich’s Music for 18 Musicians

  • [Anthology 3-56]

  • Percussion and keyboard instruments, electronically amplified solo strings, winds, and voices


Philip glass

Philip Glass

  • Studied at the University of Chicago and Julliard

  • Received a Fulbright to study with Nadia Boulanger

  • Worked with Ravi Shankar


Philip glass1

Philip Glass

  • Strung Out (1967)

    • for solo amplified violin

    • pentatonic module subjected to variations

  • Two Pages for Steve Reich (1968)

    • scored for the Philip Glass Ensemble

  • Music in Twelve Parts (1971–74)


Einstein on the beach

Einstein on the Beach

  • [Anthology 3-57]

  • Collaboration with Robert Wilson

  • Rented the Metropolitan Opera House in NY

  • Postmodern Gesamtkunstwerk


The holy minimalists

The Holy Minimalists

  • ArvoPärt (b. 1935)

    • influence of Medieval music, sound of bells (“tintinnabular” style)

    • Symphony No. 3 (1971)

    • Fratres

    • Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten

    • Tabula rasa [Anthology 3-58]


The holy minimalists1

The Holy Minimalists

  • HenrykGórecki (1933–2010)

    • strictly diatonic, highly repetitive

    • Third Symphony (1976)

    • recording sold over 1 million copies


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