Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education
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Support Need of Students on Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Model for Post-Secondary Education. Linda Holloway, PhD, CRC Martha Garber, M.Ed, LPC Eighth International Conference on Higher Education and Disability July 26, 2013. Objectives:

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Support Need of Students on Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Model for Post-Secondary Education

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Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

Support Need of Students on Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Model for Post-Secondary Education

Linda Holloway, PhD, CRC

Martha Garber, M.Ed, LPC

Eighth International Conference on

Higher Education and Disability

July 26, 2013


Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

Objectives:

Review support needs of individuals with ASD in education and employment.

Examine evidence based practice for supported employment

Discuss research on supported education

Present SYNC model


Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

The Problem

  • 50- 75% of adults with ASD are unemployed (Hendricks, 2010)

  • Higher unemployment and lower education participation after HS (Shattuck et. al, 2012)

    • 2 years after graduation, less than 50% were in postsecondary education or had a job

  • Less likely to be employed and to work fewer hours than youth with other disabilities (National Longitudinal Transition Study, 2005)

  • Youth with ASD and no intellectual disability are 3 x more likely to have no day time activity than those with intellectual disabilities (Taylor & Seltzer, 2011)


  • Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

    Support needs of high-functioning individuals with Asperger's/ASD (Hendricks, 2010;Zager & Alpern, 2010)

    • Social skills support

    • Relationship support

    • Communication support - nuances of language/slang

    • Assistance with understanding rules

    • Reducing sensory overload

    • Organizational/time management support

    • Stress management


    Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

    What is Supported Education?

    Supports provided to individuals with disabilities to enable them to be successful in post secondary education

    • Typical disability accommodations

    • Personal supports (outside the typical disability support services)

    • Integrated, natural classroom settings

    • Peer support

    • Long term goal integrated competetive employment


    Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

    Research on Supported Education for individuals with ASD

    Nearly 50% of youth with ASD without ID pursue postsecondary education (Taylor & Seltzer, 2011)

    Social and vocational communication supports are necessary components of postsecondary programs (Zager & Alpern, 2007)

    Postsecondary education is strongest predictor of better earning for youth with ASD (Migliore, et. al, 2012)

    Customized programs for promoting social communication competence depend on a thorough assessment of every student (Mazzotti, el al., 2009)


    Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

    What is Supported Employment?

    Paid competitive work that offers ongoing

    support services in integrated settings for

    individuals with most significant disabilities

    • Competitive

    • Ongoing supports

    • Integrated settings

    • Most significant disabilities


    Research on supported employment for individuals with asd

    Research on supported employment for individuals with ASD

    SE have statistically significant higher closure (employment outcomes) rates than those receiving job placement (75.3% vs.58.4); yet only 44.8% from a national sample received SE(Schaller & Yang, 2008)

    Supported employment is evidence-based (SAMHA)


    Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

    Values


    Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

    Typical DSS services

    • Extended time for exam

    • Flexibility in how and when assignments are completed

    • Tape recorders

    • Books on tape

    • Other limited generic services


    Support need of students on autism spectrum disorder a model for post secondary education

    Typical personal services needed

    • Managing stress

    • Problem solving

    • Tutoring/basic academic skill

    • Resource utilization assistance

    • Social skills coaching

    • Independent living skills

    • Disclosure/self-advocacy

    • Communication supports


    Unt model

    UNT Model

    Student Youth Network for College Success (SYNCS)


    Unt syncs model

    UNT SYNCS Model

    “While classes and homework are important, no one tries to tell non-disabled student that this the totality of their college experience. Clubs, social activities, dormitory life, parties, sex and relationships and countless other things should take up al least as much of your waking hours as schoolwork does…college is a way of life…We’d be doing you a disservice if we didn't talk about the part of the college experience that happen outside the classroom.”

    • Ari Ne’eman, Autistic Self Advocacy Network President


    Unt syncs model1

    UNT SYNCS Model

    Person-centered planning

    Summer Orientation

    Core discovery courses including College Success and Employment Success

    Mentoring: Peer, Faculty and Employer

    Faculty training opportunities/resources

    Opportunities for integrated living and community engagement


    Citations

    Citations

    Dew, D. W., & Alan, G. M. (Eds.). (2007). Rehabilitation of individuals

    with autism spectrum disorders. Institute on Rehabilitation Issues (No. 32). Washington, DC: GWU, Center for Rehabilitation Counseling Research and Education.

    Gentry, T, & McDonough, J. (2011). Facilitating employment for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Research to Practice Brief No. 2. VCU Research & Training Center.

    Hendricks, D. (2009). Employment and adults with autism spectrum disorders; challenges and strategies for success. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 32, 125 – 134.

    McDonough, J, & Revell. (2009). Accessing employment support in the adult system for transitioning youth with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 32, 89 -100.

    Migliore, A., Timmons, J., Butterworth, J., & Lugas, J. (2012). Predictors of employment and postsecondary education of youth with autism. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 55(3), 176 – 184.

    .


    Citations1

    Citations

    Rutkowski, S. (2006). Project SEARCH: a demand-side model of high school transition ,Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation 25, 86-96.

    Schaller, J. & Yang, N. (2005). Competitive employment for people with autism; correlates of successful closure in competitive and support3ed employment. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 49(1), 4-16.

    Shattuck, P., Narendorf, B., Sterzing, Pl, Wagner, M., & Taylor, J. (2012). Postsecondary education and employment among youth with an autism spectrum disorder. Pediatrics, 129, 1042 -1049.

    Taylor, J. & Seltzer. (2011). Employment and post-secondary education for youth adults with autism spectrum disorder during transition to adulthood. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 41(5), 566 – 574.

    Zanger, D. & Carol, A. (2010). College-based inclusion programming for transition-age students with autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 25(3), 151 -157.

    .


    Resources

    Resources

    United States Department of Labor Office of Disability Employment Policy www.dol.gov/odep

    Adult Autism and Employment: A Guide for Vocational Rehabilitation Professionalswww.dps.missouri.edu/Autism/Adult Autism & Employment.pdf

    Getting Hired: Careers and Community for Talented People with Disabilitiesgettinghired.com

    Think Beyond the Label: Workers & Employees with Disabilities in the Workplacethinkbeyondthelabel.com

    JAN: Job Accommodation Networkaskjan.org

    Think College

    thinkcollege.net


    Contact information

    Contact Information

    Linda Holloway, PhD, CRC

    Martha Garber, M.Ed, LPC

    Department of Rehabilitation, Social Work and Addictions

    University of North Texas

    1155 Union Circle #311456

    Denton, Texas, 76203-5017

    [email protected]

    [email protected]

    940.565.2488


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