Pauline literature class 6
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Pauline Literature Class 6. Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA. Come Holy Spirit.

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Pauline Literature Class 6

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Pauline literature class 6

Pauline LiteratureClass 6

Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA


Come holy spirit

Come Holy Spirit

  • Come, Holy Spirit,Fill the hearts of us,Your faithful, and kindle in us the fire of Your Love.Send forth Your Spirit and we shall be CREATED.And You shall renew the face of the earth.Oh, God, Who by the Light of the Holy Spirit, did instruct the hearts of the faithful,grant that by the same Holy Spirit we may be truly wise and ever rejoice in His consolations,through Christ our Lord. Amen


Plan for the day

Plan for the Day

  • Hebrews

  • Ephesians 6


Hebrews

Hebrews

  • Authorship/Date

    • Anonymous in itself

    • Early attribution to Paul (East)

      • Direct, in translation, expression of disciple

    • Early denial as Pauline (West)

    • 4th Century – embraced as Pauline

    • 16th Century questioning (Catholic & Protestant)

      • Council of Trent listed with Pauline Letters

    • Reasons for Contemporary Denial

      • No self attribution

      • Difference in style & subject matter

    • No Consensus on true author (some connection to Paul)

    • Date: 60’s or 80’s AD (key moment: 70 AD)


Hebrews1

Hebrews

  • Destination

    • Christians of Jewish Origin (Italy or Palestine?)

  • Themes

    • Priesthood

    • Covenant Theology

    • Homily


Hebrews outline

Hebrews Outline

  • Exordium (1:1-4)

  • A Name Superior to the Angels (1:5-2:18)

    • Christ the First-born (1:5-14)

    • A Great Salvation (2:1-4)

    • Christ, Our Elder Brother (2:5-18)

  • A Merciful and Faithful High Priest (3:1-5:10)

    • A High Priest Worthy of Faith (3:1-4:14)

    • A High Priest Abundant in Mercy (4:15-5:10)


Hebrews outline cont

Hebrews Outline (Cont.)

  • High Priest of a New and Better Covenant (5:11-10:39)

    • Exhortation to Christian Maturity (5:11-6:12)

    • God’s Oath to Abraham (6:13-20)

    • The Priesthood of Melchizedek (7:1-28)

    • The New Covenant Is Superior to the Old (8:1-9:28)

    • The Efficacy of Christ’s Priesthood (10:1-18)

    • Holding Fast in Faith (10:19-39)

  • Faith and Endurance (11:1-12:13)

    • The Faithful of the Old Covenant (11:1-40)

    • Appeal for Endurance (12:1-13)


Hebrews outline cont1

Hebrews Outline (Cont)

  • Walking the Straight Paths (12:14-13:18)

    • Holiness and Worship (12:14-28)

    • Charity, Chastity, and Contentment (13:1-6)

    • Submission to Leaders (13:7-19)

  • Doxology and Conclusion (13:20-25)


Exordium 1 1 4

Exordium (1:1-4)

  • Vs 1:1 “to our fathers by the prophets”

  • Vs 1:2 “through whom also he created the ages”

  • Vs 1:4 “as much superior to angels as the name he has obtained is more excellent than theirs”


A name superior to the angels 1 5 2 18

A Name Superior to the Angels (1:5-2:18)

  • Christ the First-born (1:5-14)

    • Vs 5 – Sonship

    • Vs 6 – Firstborn Son – why important?

    • Vs 7-8 – role of Angels vs role of Jesus

    • Vs 9-12 – Christology from below & above

    • Vs 13 -14 – Angel’s roles

  • A Great Salvation (2:1-4)

    • Testimony offered by eyewitness and the works

  • Christ, Our Elder Brother (2:5-18)

    • 2:6 – Catholic – “It has been testified somewhere”

    • 2:6-9 – Ps 8:4-6 – Man in General or Christ?

    • 2:11 “one origin”?

    • Vs 12 & 13 – Christ as brother & father

    • Vs 14-18 – Christ united to man in the flesh, temptation


A merciful and faithful high priest 3 1 5 10

A Merciful and Faithful High Priest (3:1-5:10)

  • A High Priest Worthy of Faith (3:1-4:14)

    • 3:1 “Apostle & high Priest”?

    • 3:5-6 – Moses a Servant, Christ the Son

    • 3:7 “as the Holy Spirit says” ?

    • Vs 16-19 – Exegesis/Homily of Ps 95

    • 4:1-11 – Rest in God

    • 4:12-13 – Word of God reveals all (True Rest)

  • A High Priest Abundant in Mercy (4:15-5:10)

    • 4:14-16 – Great High Priest in Christ

    • 5:1-10 – Similarity and difference between Christ and other High Priests


High priest of a new and better covenant 5 11 10 39

High Priest of a New and Better Covenant (5:11-10:39)

  • Exhortation to Christian Maturity (5:11-6:12)

    • 5:11 “you have become dull of hearing”

    • 5:12-14 – Backsliding in the faith

    • 6:1-3 – Maturing Instruction (Christ 201)

    • 6:4-8 – Apostasy

    • 6:9-12 – Persevering in the Faith

  • God’s Oath to Abraham (6:13-20)

    • 6:13 “swore by himself”

    • 6:19-20 – Christ the Forerunner


High priest of a new cont

High Priest of a New … (Cont)

  • The Priesthood of Melchizedek (7:1-28)

    • 7:1-2 – Melchizedek

    • 7:3 – Origin of Melchizedek

    • 7:9 – Melchizedek greater than Levi & Abraham

    • 7:11-25 - Priesthood of M. greater than that of Aaron

    • 7:26-28 - Christ’s priesthood greater than others

  • The New Covenant Is Superior to the Old (8:1-9:28)

    • 8:1-13 Christ as the New Mediator vs Moses

    • 8:13 – “ready to vanish”

    • 9:4 – contents of the Ark of the Covenant

    • 9:13-14 – Blood of Christ vs blood of Goats

    • 9:26 – Once for all offering of Christ


High priest of a new cont1

High Priest of a New …. (cont)

  • The Efficacy of Christ’s Priesthood (10:1-18)

    • 10:11-15 – Christ’s singular sacrifice

  • Holding Fast in Faith (10:19-39)

    • 10:26 – Reconciliation???

  • Faith and Endurance (11:1-12:13)

    • The Faithful of the Old Covenant (11:1-40)

      • 11:1 – Faith

      • 11:8-22 – Abraham

    • Appeal for Endurance (12:1-13)

      • 12:1 “cloud of witnesses”

      • 12:2-13 Sonship in following the Father


Walking the straight paths 12 14 13 18

Walking the Straight Paths (12:14-13:18)

  • Holiness and Worship (12:14-28)

    • 12:22-24 – “blood that speaks more graciously than the blood of Able” (Gen 4:10)

  • Charity, Chastity, and Contentment (13:1-6)

    • Things TO DO

  • Submission to Leaders (13:7-19)

    • 13:9 – strange teachings

    • 13:17-18 – leadership and obedience

  • Doxology and Conclusion (13:20-25 )

    • Final Blessing

    • 13:23 – “Timothy”


Ephesians 6

Ephesians 6

  • Vs 1-4 Children & Parents

    • (continued from Ch. 5)

  • Vs 5-9 Slaves and masters

    • (also continued from Ch. 5)

  • A summons to spiritual battle (6:10-20)

  • Closing greetings (6:21-24)


Vs 1 4 children parents

Vs 1-4 Children & Parents

  • (continued from Ch. 5)

  • Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.

  • “Honor your father and mother” (this is the first commandment with a promise),

  • “that it may be well with you and that you may live long on the earth.”

  • Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.


Vs 5 9 slaves and masters

Vs 5-9 Slaves and masters

  • (also continued from Ch. 5)

  • Slaves, be obedient to those who are your earthly masters, with fear and trembling, in singleness of heart, as to Christ;

  • not in the way of eye-service, as men-pleasers, but as servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart,

  • rendering service with a good will as to the Lord and not to men,

  • knowing that whatever good any one does, he will receive the same again from the Lord, whether he is a slave or free.

  • Masters, do the same to them, and forbear threatening, knowing that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and that there is no partiality with him.


A summons to spiritual battle 6 10 20

A summons to spiritual battle (6:10-20)

  • Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might.

  • Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

  • For we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world rulers of this present darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.

  • Therefore take the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

  • Stand therefore, having girded your loins with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,

  • and having shod your feet with the equipment of the gospel of peace;


A summons to spiritual battle cont

A summons to spiritual battle (cont)

  • besides all these, taking the shield of faith, with which you can quench all the flaming darts of the evil one.

  • And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.

  • Pray at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints,

  • and also for me, that utterance may be given me in opening my mouth boldly to proclaim the mystery of the gospel,

  • for which I am an ambassador in chains; that I may declare it boldly, as I ought to speak.


Closing greetings 6 21 24

Closing greetings (6:21-24)

  • Now that you also may know how I am and what I am doing, Tychicus the beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord will tell you everything.

  • I have sent him to you for this very purpose, that you may know how we are, and that he may encourage your hearts.

  • Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

  • Grace be with all who love our Lord Jesus Christ with love undying.


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