The english renaissance sonnets 1485 1660
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THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE & SONNETS 1485-1660. HISTORY OF THE TIME. World Influences England Decline of feudalism Vassals gave money to lords instead of military service Lords hired professionally trained military Money became source of power. HISTORY OF THE TIME. Renaissance Rebirth

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THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE & SONNETS 1485-1660

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The english renaissance sonnets 1485 1660

THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE & SONNETS1485-1660


History of the time

HISTORY OF THE TIME

  • World Influences England

    • Decline of feudalism

      • Vassals gave money to lords instead of military service

      • Lords hired professionally trained military

      • Money became source of power


History of the time1

HISTORY OF THE TIME

  • Renaissance

    • Rebirth

      • Awakened interest in science, art, literature

      • Great advances made in education and science

      • World’s finest artists and writers created masterpieces


History of the time2

HISTORY OF THE TIME

  • Protestant Reformation

    • 1517 German monk, Martin Luther protested against sale of indulgences and certain other practices of Catholic Church

    • Beginning of a religious movement that led to Protestantism

    • Had influence on the social, political, and economic structure of Europe


England s rulers

ENGLAND’S RULERS

  • The Tudors

    • Royal line began with Henry VII in 1485

    • Son, Henry VIII spanned several wars and 6 marriages

    • 1530 Henry VIII broke with the catholic church and established the Church of England

      • Created a lot of conflicts

    • Henry’s daughter, Elizabeth I came to the throne in 1558

      • Turned England into a great sea power capable of defeating the Spanish Armada

      • Supported cultural achievement


England s rulers1

ENGLAND’S RULERS

  • The Stuarts

    • Elizabeth I dies in 1603

    • Throne passed to cousin, James, King of Scotland

    • James son, Charles I succeeds, dies in 1649


England s rulers2

ENGLAND’S RULERS

  • Cromwell

    • After Charles 1, England becomes a commonwealth ruled by Oliver Cromwell

      • Puritan

      • Created stable government and toleration of Puritans

      • Dies in 1658

      • Monarchy restored and Charles Stuart, son of Charles I becomes King


The english renaissance sonnets 1485 1660

LIFE

  • Exploration

    • World

      • Sought unknown land

      • Sought to convert people to Christianity

    • Sky

      • Galileo build a telescope

        • Conflicted with teachings of Catholic church

    • Human body

      • Contributions to medicine

        • Veins and arteries


Literature

LITERATURE

  • Renaissance Poetry

    • Metaphysical

      • Highly intellectual poems characterized by complex thought, paradox, natural rhythms, harsh language, conceit

        • A comparison between two very unlike things

    • Cavalier

      • Poems about love, war, honor

  • Renaissance Drama

    • Comedies, tragedies

    • All levels of society went to the theater

    • Shakespeare

    • Puritan Parliament closed theaters in 1642 due to non-religious subject matter


The sonnet

THE SONNET


Definition

DEFINITION

  • Comes from Italian sonetto, “a little sound or song”

  • Highly structured, 14 line poem

  • Explores subjects of love and questions of mortality


History

HISTORY

  • 1300s Italian poet Francesco Petrarch popularized the sonnet

  • By the end of the 16th century, poets throughout Europe wrote sonnets


Meter rhyme patterns

METER/RHYME PATTERNS

  • 14 lines

  • Iambic pentameter

    • Unstressed followed by stressed syllables

    • 10 syllables

  • Rhyme is based on last word of each line

  • To find rhyme scheme, assign letters to each lines that rhyme


Sonnet forms

SONNET FORMS

  • Italian Sonnet

    • Petrarchian sonnet

      • First eight lines present a problem or situation

      • Last six lines provide and answer or resolution

      • Rhyme scheme:

        • First 8 lines: abba, abba

        • Last 6: cdecde or cdcdcd


Sonnet forms1

SONNET FORMS

  • English Sonnet

    • Shakespearean Sonnet

      • Ababcdcdefefgg

      • Split into quatrains and a couplet

      • Question/problem in first three quatrains, solution in couplet


Sonnet forms2

SONNET FORMS

  • Spenserian Sonnet

    • Sir Edmund Spenser

      • 3 quatrains and a couplet

      • Rhyme scheme: ababbcbccdcdee


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