The way to jewish nationalism
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The way to Jewish nationalism. From segregation, to integration, to separatism. Main trends in the 19th century. Haskala spread in western and central Europe. Emancipation is achieved all over Europe (except Russia) by the second half of the century

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The way to Jewish nationalism

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The way to jewish nationalism

The way to Jewish nationalism

From segregation, to integration, to separatism


Main trends in the 19th century

Main trends in the 19th century

  • Haskala spread in western and central Europe.

  • Emancipation is achieved all over Europe (except Russia) by the second half of the century

  • Jews integrate successfully into the economy, culture and social life – in central and western Europe

  • Anti-Semitic publications and organizations in the West; Riots and anti-Jewish policy in Russia


The crisis by the turn of the century

The crisis by the turn of the century


A step behind

A step behind

the developments in western European societies and among Jews in Europe


The ultra orthodox attitude

The Ultra-Orthodox attitude

The Jewish malaise is the punishment of god. It will end by a miracle redemption and the coming of the messiah. He will come if people will continue to pray and to observe Jewish laws and tradition


An example of assimilation

An example of Assimilation


The dimension of immigration from the pale of settlement

The dimension of immigrationfrom the Pale of settlement


The dimension of immigration to the united state

The dimension of immigrationTo the United state


Immigration changes jewish dispersal

Immigration changes Jewish dispersal


Revolutionism the jewish problem is a symptom of the problems of humanity

RevolutionismThe Jewish problem is a symptom of the problems of humanity


Jewish nationalism separatism

Jewish Nationalism/Separatism


The bund jewish socialism

The Bund – Jewish Socialism

  • Founded in 1897

  • Jewish identity and cloture is the way to gain the support of the masses

  • In the Socialist Russia, Jews will be recognize as a nation

  • The Jews are a east European nation


Jewish autonomism

Jewish Autonomism

  • The survival of the Jews as a nation depends on their spiritual and cultural strength

  • Developing "spiritual nationhood" in the Jewish Diaspora

  • Jewish communities should maintain self-rule, and rejected assimilation

The Historian Simon Dubnow

1860-1941


Teritorialism

Teritorialism

  • Creation of a Jewish territory (or territories), not necessarily in the Land of Israel


Spiritual cultural zionism

Spiritual / Cultural Zionism

  • The Jews should create a center that will project on Jewish identity

  • “It’s not the Jews problem but the Judaism problem”

Echad Ha'am, (one of the people)

Asher Ginsberg (1856 - 1927


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