The way to Jewish nationalism. From segregation, to integration, to separatism. Main trends in the 19th century. Haskala spread in western and central Europe. Emancipation is achieved all over Europe (except Russia) by the second half of the century
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From segregation, to integration, to separatism
the developments in western European societies and among Jews in Europe
The Jewish malaise is the punishment of god. It will end by a miracle redemption and the coming of the messiah. He will come if people will continue to pray and to observe Jewish laws and tradition
The Historian Simon Dubnow
Echad Ha'am, (one of the people)
Asher Ginsberg (1856 - 1927