Urbanization As Seen Through Late 19c - Early 20c Architecture. With Help from Susan M. Pojer. Megalopolis. Mass Transit. Magnet for economic and social opportunities. Pronounced class distinctions. - Inner & outer core New frontier of opportunity for women.
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As Seen Through
Late 19c - Early 20c
With Help from Susan M. Pojer
Magnet for economic and social opportunities.
Pronounced class distinctions. - Inner & outer core
New frontier of opportunity for women.
Squalid living conditions for many.
Ethnic neighborhoods.Characteristics of UrbanizationDuring the Gilded Age
NewSymbols ofChange &Progress
The City as aNew “Frontier?”
New Culture(“Melting Pot”)
Make a NewStart
New Form ofClassic “RuggedIndividualism”
New Levels of Crime, Violence, &Corruption
W. Le Baron Jenney: CentralY.M.C.A., Chicago, 1891
Louis Sullivan: Bayard Bldg., NYC, 1897
Louis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, Scott Dept. Store, Chicago, 1899
Frank Lloyd Wright:Allen-Lamb House, 1915
Frank Lloyd Wright:“Falling Waters”, 1936
Prairie wheat patterns.
Frank Lloyd Wright:Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959
The style was less innovative thanin Chicago.
NYC was the source of the capital for Chicago.
Most major business firms had their headquarters in NYC their bldgs. became “logos” for their companies.
NYC buildings and skyscrapers were taller than in Chicago.New York City Architectural Style: 1870s-1910s
Western Union Bldg,. NYC - 1875
ManhattanLifeInsurance Bldg.NYC - 1893
SingerBuilding NYC - 1902
Woolworth Bldg.NYC - 1911
FlatironBuilding NYC – 1902
D. H. Burnham
John A. Roebling:The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883
John A. Roebling:The Brooklyn Bridge, 1913
Statue of Liberty, 1876(Frederic Auguste Bartholdi)
Jacob Riis: How the Other Half Lived(1890)
Urban Sweatshops -
Local 25 with Socialist Paper, The Call
Arresting the Girl Strikersfor Picketing
March 25, 1911
“The Shirtwaist Kings”Max Blanck and Isaac Harris
Triangle Shirtwaist FactoryAsch Building, 8th and 10th Floors
10th Floor After the Fire
Relatives Review Bodies145 Dead
Page of theNew York Journal
Women Workers Marchto City Hall
Industrialization in Europe and the importation of American food disturbed the position of the peasant
Persecutions of minorities in Europe
Birds of PassageWhy the New Immigration?
Struggle to assimilate
Bintel BriefBeing a New Immigrant
“Christian Socialist” preachers
Jane Addams and Hull House
Florence Kelley – Socialism, Rights, and the Henry Street Settlement (founded by Lillian Wald)Taking Care of the New Immigrants
Helped family and still had some pocket money
Brought more economic and social independenceChanges Brought by the New Immigration
Especially Anglo Saxon, Protestants
The American Protective Association (1887)
Organized labor fought new immigration because poor immigrants were willing to take lower wagesNativism
1882: Close gates to all paupers, criminals, and convicts + Chinese Exclusion Act
1885: Prohibited the importation of foreign workers under contract
1890’s: Expanded list of undesirables to include: insane, polygamists, prostitutes, alcoholics, anarchists, and people with contagious diseases
1917: Literacy TestGovernment Sponsored Nativism