Direct Democracy. Referendums like Quebec 1980 and 1995. Switzerland. Representative Democracy. Government in which people elect representatives who hold the decision making power. Large public elections only happen every 4-5 years.
Referendums like Quebec 1980 and 1995
Germany 1990-present day
A system of government in which a monarch (king, queen, prince, duke, etc.) is bound by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom.
The monarch is not actively involved in policy formation or implementation (i.e., the exercise of sovereign powers by a monarch in a ceremonial capacity); rather, true governmental leadership is carried out by a cabinet and its head - a prime minister, premier, or chancellor - who are drawn from a legislature (parliament).
New Zealand Jamaica Denmark Canada Holland
The most famous example of an absolute monarch is Louis XIV. He ruled France 1643-1715. He was called the Sun King and he once said “L\'État, c\'estmoi “(The state is me),
Corporate Oligarchies occur when a few companies control a market
South Africa until 1994 was an oligarchy where the 20% white population controlled the country. The oligarchy was based on race and was called apartheid
The Medici Family was one of the families that controlled the city
Union of Soviet Socialists Republic (USSR)
The People’s Republic of China 1949-present day
Tiananmen Square Massacre 1989
Nazi Germany 1933-1945 under
Italy 1922-1943 under
Taliban in Afghanistan