Chapter 12 section 1 americans struggle with postwar issues
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CHAPTER 12 Section 1 Americans Struggle with Postwar Issues PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CHAPTER 12 Section 1 Americans Struggle with Postwar Issues. MAIN IDEA: A desire for normality after the war and a fear of communism and “foreigners” led to postwar isolationism. POSTWAR TRENDS. Public exhausted Debate over League of Nations divided America

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CHAPTER 12 Section 1 Americans Struggle with Postwar Issues

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Chapter 12 section 1 americans struggle with postwar issues

CHAPTER 12 Section 1Americans Struggle with Postwar Issues

MAIN IDEA:

A desire for normality after the war and a fear of communism and “foreigners” led to postwar isolationism.


Postwar trends

POSTWAR TRENDS

  • Public exhausted

  • Debate over League of Nations divided America

  • Returning soldiers faced unemployment or took their old jobs from women and minorities

  • Cost of living doubled

  • Farmers and factory workers suffered as wartime orders diminished

  • NATIVISM- prejudice against foreign-born people

  • ISOLATIONISM- policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs


Fear of communism

Fear of Communism

  • COMMUNISM- an economic and political system based on a single party government ruled by a dictatorship

  • Communists put an end to private property, substituting government ownership of factories railroads and other businesses


Red scare

RED SCARE

  • 1919 Revolutionaries in Russia overthrew czar

  • Bolsheviks established a communist state

  • RED FLAG

  • Called for a worldwide revolution to abolish capitalism everywhere

  • 70,000 radicals joined the communist party in the U.S


The palmer raids

THE PALMER RAIDS

  • Bombs mailed to government

  • U.S. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer & J. Edgar Hoover hunted for communists, socialists and anarchists

  • ANARCHIST- People who opposed any form of government

  • Trampled people’s rights, invaded homes, jailed without legal counsel


Sacco and vanzetti

Sacco and Vanzetti

  • Italian immigrants

  • Anarchists

  • Evaded draft during WWI

  • Arrested and charged with robbery and murder of a factory paymaster

  • Found guilty and sentenced to die

  • 1961 ballistic tests showed the pistol found on Sacco was the one used in the murder but no proof that Sacco pulled the trigger


Limiting immigration

LIMITING IMMIGRATION

  • “Keep America for Americans”

  • The need for unskilled workers in America decreased

  • Klu Klux Klan (KKK)-100% Americanism

  • 1924 reached 4.5 million

  • Drove foreign born out of the country

  • QUOTA SYSTEM- Emergency Quota Act 1921-established the maximum # of people who could enter the U.S


A time of labor unrest

A TIME OF LABOR UNREST

  • During war strikes were limited b/c they disrupt production

  • Employers did not want to give raises

  • 4 million walked off the job

  • BOSTON POLICE STRIKE- police had not been given a raise since beginning of WWI

    • Denied right to unionize

    • When asked for a raise=fired

    • Coolidge declared no right to strike

    • New officers were hired


Chapter 12 section 1 americans struggle with postwar issues

  • STEEL MILL STRIKE

    • Workers wanted the right to negotiate for shorter working hours

    • Wanted union recognition and bargaining rights

    • US Steel corporation refused to meet with union leaders

    • 300,000 walked off the job

    • Hired strike breakers/agreed to work during strike

    • Striking workers beaten by police

    • Linked strikers to communists

    • Ended Jan. 1920 w/ 8 hour day but without a union


Coal miners strike

COAL MINERS’ STRIKE

  • John L. Lewis-leader of The United Mine Workers of America

  • Protested low wages and long workdays

  • Nov. 1, 1919 Strike, Attorney General ordered them back to work

  • President Wilson appointed and arbitrator to settle the dispute

  • Miners received a 27% wage increase

  • John L. Lewis became a national hero


Labor movement loses appeal

LABOR MOVEMENT LOSES APPEAL

  • Union membership declined because…

    • Much of the workforce consisted of immigrants willing to work in poor conditions

    • Immigrants spoke in multiple languages so unions were hard to organize

    • Farmers were use to relying on themselves

    • Most unions excluded African Americans


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