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CAP Implementation in BMKG. Zainal Abidin Karyono. MeteorologY climatologY and geophysical agency INDONESIA Negombo , Sri Lanka 17 th June 2014. OUTLINE. Introduction CAP in Earthquake and Tsunami Warning CAP in Weather Extreme Warning. INTRODUCTION.

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CAP Implementation in BMKG

Zainal Abidin

Karyono

MeteorologYclimatologY and geophysical agency

INDONESIA

Negombo, Sri Lanka

17th June 2014


OUTLINE

  • Introduction

  • CAP in Earthquake and Tsunami Warning

  • CAP in Weather Extreme Warning


Introduction
INTRODUCTION

  • BMKG (Meteorology climatology and geophysical agency)

  • Official institution for Meteorology Climatology and Geophysical in Indonesia since 1947

  • Join with WMO in 1950

  • With 4000 employees

  • ~ 170 offices

  • ~ 300 observation points


Earthquake and Tsunami

InaTEWS

Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System


InaTEWS INTRODUCTION

  • Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because it is located at the meeting point of three tectonic plates, namely: Indo-Australian Plate, the Eurasian plate and the Pacific plate.

  • The meeting point of three tectonic plates are located on the sea so that when a large earthquake occurs at shallow depths, it can be potentially tsunami. Therefore, Indonesia is prone to tsunamis


InaTEWS INTRODUCTION cont.

  • Learning from the experience of the earthquake and tsunami in Aceh, Mentawai and other areas that cause casualties and property losses, therefore it is needed preparedness efforts by both government and the community to reduce the risk due to earthquake and tsunami.

  • As the tsunami hazard preparedness efforts, the government of Indonesia in cooperation with various parties established the Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System


Seismicity of indonesia
SEISMICITY OF INDONESIA

PACIFIC PLATE.

EURASIAN PLATE

INDO AUSTRALIAN PLATE



INATEWS PRODUCTS

Earthquake informations:

  • Magnitude

  • Date

  • Origin Time

  • Latitude

  • longitude

  • Depth

  • Location

  • Remark

  • Shake map

  • Source mechanism


INATEWS PRODUCTS

Tsunami Warning:

  • Warning segment (district level)

  • Warning status (threat Level)

  • Estimation Wave Height (from modeling)

  • Estimation Time of Arrival (from modeling)

  • Observation Data

  • End of Threats



Multimode communication systems
MULTIMODE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

  • SMS (thousands users)

  • Internet (email, website, social network)

  • Satellite Broadcast (DVB)

  • VSAT IP

  • Facsimile (hundreds)

  • Television, Radio and media on line (16 stastions)

  • Sirens

  • Warning Receiver System (WRS) (209 client)

  • CAP: Google public alert, national agency for disaster management, etc


Example Message of SMS

Warning 1

Warning Tsunami in BENGKULU,LAMPUNG,NAD,SUMBAR,SUMUT, EQ Mag:8.8, 11-Apr-12 10:43:06 UTC, Loc:0.78N,92.15E,Dep:10Km::BMKG

Warning 2

Updating Warning Tsunami in NAD,SUMUT,SUMBAR,BENGKULU,LAMPUNG, EQ Mag:8.1, 11-Apr-12 10:43:11 UTC, Loc:0.82N,92.42E,Dep:24Km::BMKG


Example messages of email fax and gts
EXAMPLE MESSAGES OF EMAIL, FAX AND GTS

::::BMKG:::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG::::

Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (InaTEWS)

METEOROLOGICAL CLIMATOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL AGENCY

Address:Jl. Angkasa I no.2 Kemayoran, Jakarta, Indonesia, 10720

Telp.: (+62-21) 4246321/6546316 , Fax: (+62-21) 6546316/4246703

P.O. Box 3540 Jkt, Website : http://www.bmkg.go.id

========================================================================================

Issued date : 11 April 2012, 17:47:57 WIB (UTC=WIB-7)

Bulletin-1

No.:110/warning/InaTEWS/IV/2012

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS:

Magnitude : 8.8 RS

Date : 11-Apr-2012

Origin Time: 10:43:06 UTC

Latitude : 0.78 N

Longitude : 92.15 E

Depth : 10 Km

Location : Off West Coast of Northern Sumatra

Remarks : 577 km SOUTHWEST of Meulaboh

633 km SOUTHWEST of Banda Aceh

660 km SOUTHWEST of Sigli

665 km SOUTHWEST of Sabang

702 km SOUTHWEST of Bireun

HEADER

CONTENT


Evaluation:

THERE IS THE POSSIBILITY OF A TSUNAMI IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS:

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Province Location Warning Level

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

BENGKULU Bengkulu-Utara Pulau Enggano MAJOR WARNING

LAMPUNG Lampung-Barat Pesisir-Selatan MAJOR WARNING

LAMPUNG Lampung-Barat Pesisir-Tengah MAJOR WARNING

NAD Aceh-Barat MAJOR WARNING

NAD Aceh-Barat-Daya MAJOR WARNING

SUMBAR Kepulauan-Mentawai Kep. Pagai MAJOR WARNING

SUMBAR Kepulauan-Mentawai P. Siberut MAJOR WARNING

SUMUT Mandailing-Natal Bagian Utara MAJOR WARNING

SUMUT Nias Bagian Barat MAJOR WARNING

BANTEN Lebak WARNING

BANTEN Pandeglang Bagian Selatan WARNING

BANTEN Pandeglang Pulau Panaitan WARNING

BENGKULU Bengkulu-Selatan WARNING

BENGKULU Bengkulu-Utara Bagian Selatan WARNING

JABAR Sukabumi Pelabuhan-Ratu WARNING

JABAR Sukabumi Ujung-Genteng WARNING

LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Bagian Barat WARNING

LAMPUNG Tanggamus Bagian Barat WARNING

NAD Aceh-Singkil WARNING

NAD Aceh-Timur WARNING

NAD Aceh-Utara Bagian Barat WARNING

NAD Pidie WARNING

LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Kep. Krakatau ADVISORY

LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Kep. Sebuku ADVISORY

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Advice:

Province/District/City governments that are at "Major Warning" level are

expected to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their

communities for full evacuation.

Province/District/City governments that are at "Warning" level are expected

to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities for

evacuation.

Province/District/City governments that are at "Advisory" level are expected

to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities to

move away from the beach and river banks.

::::BMKG:::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG::::

Warning

REMARK


Cap earthquake and tsunami implementation status
CAP Earthquake and Tsunami Implementation Status

  • Status is operational

  • CAP url http://inatews.bmkg.go.id/rss/capatomlast40event.xml


Cap earthquake design
CAP Earthquake Design

  • Alert: identifier, sender, sent, status, msgType, scope, addresses, code, references

  • Info: language, category, event, urgency, severity, certainty, onset, expires, senderName, headline, description, instruction, web, contact


Cap earthquake design cont
CAP Earthquake Design (cont.)

  • Parameter: EventLocationName, ShortLocationName, EventOriginTime, EventMagnitude, EventDepth

  • Resource: Epicenter Map, Intensity Shake Map, Peak Ground Acceleration Shake Map, Peak Ground Velocity Shake Map, areaDesc


Cap tsunami design
CAP Tsunami Design

  • Alert: identifier, sender, sent, status, msgType, scope, code, references

  • Info: language, category, event, urgency, severity, certainty, onset, expires, senderName, headline, description, instruction, web, contact


Cap tsunami design cont
CAP Tsunami Design (cont.)

  • Parameter: EventLocationName, ShortLocationName, EventOriginTime, EventMagnitude, EventDepth, EventLatLon, observerdArrivalTime, observedWaveHeight, predictedWaveHeight, predictedArrivalTime

  • Resource: Epicenter Map, Intensity Shake Map, Peak Ground Acceleration Shake Map, Peak Ground Velocity Shake Map, areaDesc



Cap implementation in public weather services
CAP Implementation inPublic Weather Services


Indonesia meteorology early warning system
Indonesia Meteorology Early Warning System

EXISTING EQUIPMENTS & COMMUNICATIONS

NEW EQUIPMENTS & COMMUNICATIONS

MANUAL OBS.

VOS

UPPER AIR OBS.

AWS / ARG SERVER

INTEGRATION

ARG

MESSAGE

SWITCHING

SYSTEM

AWS

Lightning Detector

RADAR SERVER

COLLECTION SYSTEM

RADAR

MESONET AWS

SATELLITE SERVER

HPC

SATELLITE

AWOS

CMSS

FORECASTING

&

DISSEMINATION

DATABASE

  • NWP MODEL :

  • Atmospheric Model

  • Climate Model

  • Sea state Model

  • Environmental Model

WIND PROFILER

MANUAL OBS.

USERS

VOS

UPPER AIR OBS.

AWS


Possible weather products for cap implementation
Possible Weather Products forCAP Implementation

  • Extreme weather warning

  • Tropical Cyclone warning

  • High seas warning (based on waters region)

  • Forest Fire Warning


Weather extreme warning cap design
Weather Extreme WarningCAP Design

  • Two Languages (English and Bahasa)

  • Two extreme events : Heavy Rain and Heavy Rain with Thunderstorm

  • Affected areas are based on 34 Provinces Administrative Border divided into 5 imaginary area (Northern, Eastern, Southern, Western, and Middle part)

  • Produced every 3 days and updated daily


Weather extreme warning cap design cont
Weather Extreme WarningCAP Design (cont.)

  • Alert tag: identifier, sender, sent, status, msgType, scope

  • Info tag: language, category, event, responseType, urgency, severity, certainty, effective, expires, senderName, headline, description, contact, area (polygon)


Weather extreme warning cap status
Weather Extreme WarningCAP Status

  • As feeder for Google Public Alerts

  • It is still with Google


Next cap implementation
Next CAP Implementation

  • Tropical Cyclone Warning

  • High Seas Warning

  • Forest Fire Warning


Zainal Abidin [email protected]

Public Weather Services

Karyono [email protected]

Earthquake and Tsunami

THANK YOU


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