Greenhouse gas reduction and waste management
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Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Waste Management. Chuck White Director of Regulatory Affairs -- WM West Western Regional Air Partnership Denver, Colorado – July 18, 2006. ?. What is:. $12.5 Billion, 48 states, 55,000 employees Decentralized organizational structure

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Greenhouse gas reduction and waste management

Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Waste Management

Chuck WhiteDirector of Regulatory Affairs -- WM West

Western Regional Air PartnershipDenver, Colorado – July 18, 2006


What is

?

What is:

  • $12.5 Billion, 48 states, 55,000 employees

    • Decentralized organizational structure

    • 429 solid waste hauling operations

    • 366 transfer stations

    • 21 million customers (residential, industrial, commercial)

  • 289 Active Landfills

    • Most with landfill gas collection/destruction

    • 100 landfill gas-to-energy projects

  • Wheelabrator: 17 Waste to Energy Plants

  • Recycle America: 138 Recycling plants


Greenhouse gas reduction and waste management

?

What is:

Waste Management = RenewableEnergy

  • Landfill Gas: 470 MW

    • 400,000 homes

  • Waste-to-Energy Plants: 650 MW

    • 600,000 homes

  • Recycling Energy Savings: 920 MW

    • 848,000 homes


Why does corporate america care about climate change

Why does Corporate America Care About Climate Change?

. . . And to “Do the Right Thing” – Of Course!


Investing in solutions to climate change

Investing in Solutions to Climate Change

  • Tightening Trend: U.S. will likely follow the global trend to constrain carbon emissions

  • Legislative Activity: There is a lot happening!

  • Investment Opportunities: Companies selling products and services that address climate change could benefit significantly

  • The Clean Dozen: . . . (+ 11 Others)


Solid waste management ghg sources and sinks

?

Source

Source

Sink

Source

Sink

Sink

Solid Waste Management GHG Sources and Sinks


Landfill carbon flows

CO2

O2

CH4

CO2

CO2

Un-collected GasCH4CO2

Aerobic Oxidation in LF Cover

Collected GasCH4CO2

CollectionEfficiency

FugitiveEmissions

Energy

LandfillGas

Flare

Solid WasteLandfill

4

Waste

3

SequesteredBiogenic

2

Fossil

1

Inorganic

Landfill Carbon Flows


Recycling energy savings

Recycling Energy Savings

Recycling Energy Savings Translates into Indirect GHG Reductions !!*

*But who gets the credit?


Who gets ghg credit for recycling

Who gets GHG Credit for Recycling?

Consumers?

Govern-ment?

Collectors/Processors?

Manufact-urers?


Waste management recycle america 2005 recycling benefits

70 Million Mature Trees

1.6 Billion Gallons of Oil

100 Million Gallons

of Gasoline

19.3 Billion Kw-Hrs of Electricity

Waste Management/Recycle America – 2005 Recycling Benefits

Avoided 3.4 Million

Metric Tons

(MTCE) of GHG

Emissions

In 2005, we recycled 4.1 million

tons of cardboard and paper;

967,000 tons of glass;

229,000 tons of plastics;

57,000 tons of steel cans;

and 30,000 tons of aluminum.

18.5 Million Cubic Yards Of Landfill Airspace

29 Billion Gallons

of Water


Positive ghg messages for waste industry

Positive GHG Messages for Waste Industry

  • Waste-Related Emissions are small, < 1-3%

  • Progress to date has been Significant

    • 50 – 80% reduction in GHG emissions

    • Increased recycling rates

    • Landfill Gas Controls (75% 90+% capture!!!!)

    • Increased conversion to energy

    • Alternative fueled vehicles

  • Landfill Sequestration? We hope so!!!

  • Opportunities for further Waste-to-Energy


Overall ghg reductions for solid waste management all sources

Overall GHG Reductions for Solid Waste Management – All Sources

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1974 Technology Path

52 MMTCE Avoided

MMTCE

Actual Technology Path

1974

1980

1990

2000


Wm s contributions to ghg reduction

WM’s Contributions to GHG Reduction

  • Collection and Destruction of LF Methane

  • CH4 Emission Oxidation in LF cover materials

  • LFGTE and WTE Plants to displace fossil fuels

  • Development of LFG to LNG Technology

  • Development of Bioreactor Landfill Technology

  • Development of Waste-to-Energy Partnerships

  • Advanced Vehicle Technology for Alt fuels/Hybrids

  • Increased Recyclable Material Recovery

  • Upstream Services Waste Reduction Services

  • Carbon Sequestration and LF Forestry


What is wm doing about ghgs now

What is WM Doing About GHGs Now?

  • Federal Reporting – DOE 1605(b)

    • Total Emission reductions over 10 years = 197 MMTCO2E from >200 WM LFG projects

    • LFG emissions:

      • Landfill Cover Methane Reduction? Yes, but how much?

      • Credit for Landfill Sequestration? Yes, but who gets it?

    • New Rules: Entity-wide US -- not project specific

    • Future? May not participate

      • Not ready for entity-wide US reporting yet

  • Voluntary GHG Reductions – CCX

    • 6% reduction for 2003 - 2010


What is wm doing about ghgs now1

}

Climate Neutral !!

What is WM Doing About GHGs Now?

  • Carbon Neutrality Donations

    • 2002 Winter Olympics

    • 2004 Houston Super Bowl

    • 2006 Harvard Business School – Offset Match !!

  • Reporting to Shareholders

    • Report WM Initiatives to Carbon Disclosure Project

    • Dow Jones Sustainability Index for 2005 & 2006

    • 2006 Inaugural WM Social Sustainability Report

  • California Climate Action Registry

    • WM first SW company to join

    • Pending Development of SW Protocols

    • First CA-wide report for 2006 by Aug. 2007


In summary

  • More Emphasis on GHGs

  • GHGs will Drive Recycling and Waste Reduction Initiatives

  • Protocol for Assessing GHG Recycling Credits?

  • New models for LFG emissions

  • GHG controls will maximize capture & use of landfill gas

  • Credit for LF sequestration?

  • Waste-to-Energy Revitalized

  • Push for alternative fuel trash trucks & LFG to fuel

  • All together now:“Think Green, Think Waste Management”

In Summary . . .

It’s going to be another busy and interesting

Decade !


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