Hitlers Rise to Power

Hitlers Rise to Power PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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20/02/2012. Weimar and Nazi Germany. 2. Objectives. At the end of this lesson you should be able to:Identify and explain a number of factors that led to the rise of the Nazi partyRecognise that no single factor led to Hitler's rise. 20/02/2012. Weimar and Nazi Germany. 3. Overview. The Nazi Party was formed in 1919Hitler joined the party shortly after it's inceptionGermany was in a state of disarray after the First World WarThere were many extremist groups in Germany at the time.

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Hitlers Rise to Power

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1. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 1 Hitler's Rise to Power An overview of the causes of Hitlerís rise to power in Germany. Note: this presentation provides only a brief overview of the reasons for Hitlerís Rise, each element of the slideshow will also be taught in depth

2. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 2 Objectives At the end of this lesson you should be able to: Identify and explain a number of factors that led to the rise of the Nazi party Recognise that no single factor led to Hitlerís rise

3. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 3 Overview The Nazi Party was formed in 1919 Hitler joined the party shortly after itís inception Germany was in a state of disarray after the First World War There were many extremist groups in Germany at the time

4. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 4 1919-1923 Many Germans were disillusioned after the defeat in the First World war. Ex-soldiers felt that they had been ĎStabbed in the backí and felt that they had not been defeated on the battlefield.Many of them joined Right Wing groups such as the Freikorps or the Nazi party. The Spartacist rising, amongst others, led to many people fearing a Communist revolution in Germany. People looked to right Wing groups to act against this: the Freikorps in particular. Economic hardship was coupled with humiliation as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Right Wing groups gained popularity by saying that they would not adhere to itís terms.

5. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 5 How did the Nazi party gain support in this period? Military uniforms demonstrated strength at a time when the government was weak Use of force against communists and Trade unionists was popular with businesses Populist policies and rhetoric were employed to discredit opponents and develop support. References to traditional values and reminders of ĎWho was to blameí for the economic crisis builds support.

6. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 6 1923: Violent uprising By 1923 the Nazi party had gained much support in Bavaria. Now firmly under the control of Adolf Hitler the group attempts to seize control of the government through use of force. Despite having many sympathisers the coup fails and Hitler is imprisoned. The failure of the Beer Hall Putsch demonstrates that power needs to be taken through legal means.

7. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 7 Regrouping Whilst in prison Hitler analyses the parties strategy Political Strategies are developed and refined Shift to winning electoral support Development of propaganda tools Attempts to win support of big business

8. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 8 1924-1929 Focus on traditional values Builds fear of Left Wing groups Continued use of military imagery Lack of electoral support due to relative prosperity in Germany at the time

9. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 9 1929-1932 A Change in Fortunes Wall Street Crash leads to end of effective financial assistance from USA Unemployment rises rapidly Hyperinflation recurs Threat of Communism increases Coalition government fails to address problems successfully

10. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 10 Into government (1) Naziís use force to prevent uprisings Rhetoric plays on peoples fears Big Business won over through radical economic plans Emphasis placed on military power wins support of many soldiers and traditionalists. Weak coalition governments enables Naziís to gain political strength Propaganda and shows of might impress the masses

11. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 11 Into Government (2) Electoral support rises: Naziís become largest single party in the Reichstag Continuing economic crisis leads to break down of coalitions Aging and ineffective president increasingly reliant upon Article 48 Germany in desperate need of a strong leader

12. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 12 In Power Invited to become chancellor by politicians who believe that Hitler can be manipulated easily President Hindenburgís death allows Hitler to assume presidential powers Nazi Partyís rise to power is complete

13. 20/02/2012 Weimar and Nazi Germany 13 Rise to power: an overview Strong leadership Determination Popular Rhetoric and Hitlerís capabilities as a public speaker Weakness of Coalition government Wall Street Crash and the consequent economic collapse Support of significant businessmen Disruption of extremist opponents Fear of Communism

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