Mechoptronics
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Mechoptronics. Introduction Course Motivation Definitions. A Fact of Life. Unfortunately, I can not teach you how to be a successful designer (there is no simple formula or silver bullet) But

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Mechoptronics

Mechoptronics

Introduction

Course Motivation

Definitions


A fact of life

A Fact of Life

Unfortunately,

I can not teach you how to be a successful designer (there is no simple formula or silver bullet)

But

I can help you develop your own creative and innovative engineering design skills through presentations and applications of problem solving practices and methodologies

So that

You can learn through your own experience of solving real engineering problems using theses practices


What course will cover

What Course Will Cover

  • Introduction

    • Engineering and Design, Synthesis vs. Analysis, Design Skills

  • Inventiveness and Creativity

    • Definitions, MBTI, Right-Left Brain, Learning Styles, Creative Process, Formal Techniques

  • Operational Analysis

    • Problem Definition, Model Formulation, Physical Principles, Checking, Computations, Evaluation and Communication

  • Manufacturing

    • Techniques, Mechanization, Automation, Clean Manufacturing

  • Decision Making

    • Relevant Factors, Rational Procedures, Alternatives, Science of Decision Making


Related descriptors

Related Descriptors

Commonalities and Differences?

  • Engineering

    • Generic

  • Engineering Disciplines

    • Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical, etc.

  • Design

    • Process and/or product

  • Engineering Design

    • Process

  • Design Engineering (Mechoptronics)

    • Discipline


How would you define engineering

Mechoptronics

How WOULD You Define Engineering?


Questions to be answered

Questions to be Answered

What is its objective ?

How does it function/operate ?

On what is it based ?

How are its goals achieved ?

What are its consequences/results?


Wikipedia definition

Wikipedia Definition

Engineering is the design, analysis and/or construction

of works for practical purposes. One who practices

engineering is called an engineer. . . . . . Engineers use

imagination, judgment and reasoning to apply science,

technology, mathematics and practical experience. The

result is the design, production and operation of useful

objects or processes. The broad discipline of engineering

encompasses a range of specialized sub-disciplines . . . .


New definition

New Definition

A profession that applies the knowledge base of the

physical, mathematical and biological sciences together

with practical experience to create practical solutions to

the problemsof mankind for the purpose of providing him

with a better quality of life together with control and use of

the natural resources and the environment in which he

exists. Its goal is the creation of physical devices,

processes and systems that meet the needs, desires and

requirements of man in the society he has developed and

lives in.


Engineering disciplines

Engineering Disciplines

Based on Applicable Sciences

  • Mechanical Engineering – Physical principles of motion and thermal energy behavior

  • Electrical Engineering – physics of electricity, magnetism, electronics and digital theory

  • Chemical Engineering – science of chemical and thermal transformation of materials

  • Industrial Engineering – management and organizational theory and information processing


How would you define design

Mechoptronics

How Would you define design?


Wikipedia definition1

Wikipedia Definition

Design . . in the context of . . applied arts, engineering,

architecture . . is used both as a noun and a verb.

“Design” as a verb refers to the process of originating and

developing a plan for a new object (machine, building,

product, etc.). As a noun, “design” is used both for the

final plan or proposal (a drawing, model or other

description), or the result of implementing that plan or

proposal (the object produced). Designing normally

requires considering aesthetic, functional, and many other

aspects of an object, which usually requires considerable

research, thought , modeling, interactive adjustment and

re-design. Design as a process can take many forms . .


New definition design

New Definition (Design)

An iterative creative activity, also undertaken by

Engineers, that results in the production of the

description and specifications of a device, system or

process that meets some recognized or identified

need of society based on existing technology and

science while making use of available resources

within some set of constraints applicable to the

circumstances in question.


How would you define design engineering

Mechoptronics

How would you define design engineering


Design engineering mechoptronics

Design Engineering (Mechoptronics)

Design Engineering applies the practices and

methodologies of creativity/innovation, operational

analysis and decision making skills together with

the appropriate scientific and technological

knowledge base to the solution of real engineering

problems taking into account the available

resources and constraints of the circumstance in

question.


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Design Engineering as a discipline consists of the collection of practices, methodologies and synthesis skills used to carry out the engineering design process.

  • Creativity and Innovation, Operational Analysis and Decision Theory are basic to the Design Engineering skill set.

  • The fundamentals of Design Engineering are similar for all engineering disciplines although the underlying disciplinary science knowledge base is different.


Mechoptronics1

Mechoptronics

Introduction

Course Motivation

Definitions


The role of engineering in society engineering design

The Role of Engineering in Society: Engineering Design

The essence of engineering is design. B. V. Koen

Some will say that I'm an academic and that I'm

supposed to be a scientist, but I have this

craving to be an engineer. Waldron


The role of engineering in society engineering design1

The Role of Engineering in Society: Engineering Design

S.P. Nichols and W.F. Weldon Center for Electromechanics, The University of Texas at Austin, USA


The role of engineering in society engineering design2

The Role of Engineering in Society: Engineering Design

S.P. Nichols and W.F. Weldon Center for Electromechanics, The University of Texas at Austin, USA


The role of engineering in society engineering design3

The Role of Engineering in Society: Engineering Design

S.P. Nichols and W.F. Weldon Center for Electromechanics, The University of Texas at Austin, USA


Synthesis versus analysis

Synthesis versus Analysis

  • Synthesis entails the act of creating something that did not exist before by integrating information that has been learned.

    • In other words, when we put together a whole series of skills, we say we are synthesizing those skills.

  • Synthesis is very similar to analysis. When a person analyzes they determine the key components of the argument. In many situations, a person analyzes while synthesize.


Examples of synthesis objectives

Examples of Synthesis Objectives

  • Mathematics: Apply and integrate several different strategies to solve a mathematical problem.

  • Arts/Music: Create a painting that uses various principles of perspective to achieve a specific effect.

  • Science:Apply multiple physical principles to solve new scientific problems.

  • Mechoptronics?????


Mechoptronics2

Mechoptronics

Introduction

Design and Technology in Society: A Closer Look

Homework: CH 1 Questions Due Tomorrow


Design and technology in society

Design and Technology in Society

  • Issues

    • Technology

    • Environmental

      • Materials, ecology, transportation

    • Economic

      • One-off, mass, batch

      • Manufacturing

    • Consumer

      • Affordability, safety, reliability

    • Information Technology

      • Computers

    • Design

  • Other Factors

    • Product Analysis and Life Cycles

    • Role of the Designer

    • Price and Non-price Factors – Total Design

Case Study: Evolution of the Guitar

Case Study: Evolution of the Nintendo

Entertainment System (NES)


Mechoptronics3

Mechoptronics

Introduction

Introduction to the Design Cycle

Design Approaches

Design Brief and Product Design Specification


Ib design cycle model dcm

IB Design Cycle Model (DCM)


Design cycle model dcm a systematic activity

Design Cycle Model (DCM): A Systematic Activity

  • Investigation

    • Identifying or Clarifying a Need or Opportunity

    • Analyzing, Researching and Specifying Requirements

  • Innovation and Inventiveness

    • Generating Ideas and Possible Solutions

  • Operational Analysis

    • Developing and Refining the Chosen Solution

  • Product Development

    • Realizing or Manufacturing the Chosen Solution

  • Decision Making

    • Testing and Evaluating the Chosen Solution


Convergent nature of the design process

Convergent Nature of the Design Process

Top-Right: “The first nebulous idea evolves in the client’s mind into an ill-defined problem.”

Middle: “This is presented to the designer as a brief and the design process produces a well-defined solution, which eventually results in a specific object”

Bottom: “The development or existence of this object might spark off more nebulous ideas…”


Design approaches or solution methods

Design Approaches or Solution Methods

  • Incremental Design – Process of taking an existing product and making it better

  • Radical Design – Innovation-driven creativity

  • Convergent Thinking – Application of knowledge or research gathered, and then applied, to “converge” or focus on arriving at the single best solution to a proposed problem (very analytical)

  • Divergent Thinking – Creative approach to problem solving where a range of alternative, creative, unusual or innovative solutions to a problem are considered


Design activity

Design Activity

  • Cyclic Model

  • Innovation Spiral


Design cycle model dcm a systematic activity1

Design Cycle Model (DCM): A Systematic Activity

  • Investigation

    • Identifying or Clarifying a Need or Opportunity

    • Analyzing, Researching and Specifying Requirements

  • Innovation and Inventiveness

    • Generating Ideas and Possible Solutions

  • Operational Analysis

    • Developing and Refining the Chosen Solution

  • Product Development

    • Realizing or Manufacturing the Chosen Solution

  • Decision Making

    • Testing and Evaluating the Chosen Solution


Where does it all start

Where Does it All Start?

  • Explore the Design Brief

    • The written starting part of any new design - typically provided by the client.

    • Provides a framework for solving a problem without unnecessary constraints on prospective solutions

    • Establishes:

      • Design Goals (such as functioning prototype)

      • Context (intended market/environment)

      • Restrictions, Constraints or Requirements (e.g. materials)

      • Criteria by which an effective response would be judged (improved functionality, environmental friendliness, reduced operating costs)


Example design brief 1 of 2

Example Design Brief (1 of 2)


Example design brief 2 of 2

Example Design Brief (2 of 2)


Information retrieval

Information Retrieval

  • What are some sources of information?

  • Clarify in what situation to use each?


Design specification

Design Specification

  • Consists of researched information related to the product (produced by the designer)

  • Clarifies ideas and is updated regularly

  • Not just a list but provides justification for the inclusion of information

  • Very specific statements not aimed at directing the design but focusing the designer’s attention through statements of restrictions

What should you include? Important factors?


Questions

Questions

  • What do we need to know to move forward to build a design specification?

  • What are the most important factors for your specific project?

  • What type of design approach will we take?


Mechoptronics

Elements of Design Specification

Pugh’s Plates


The written pds product design specification minimum factors

The Written PDS: Product Design Specification Minimum Factors

  • Title – unambiguous and informative

  • List of Contents – flow of content in the PDS

  • Foreword – relevant background info., history of the project and how the brief originated

  • Scope of the Specification – overview of material to be covered

  • Role of the Product or System – clearly stated

  • Definitions – any unusual terminology, symbols, abbreviations or units

  • Relevant Authorities to be Consulted - for example, safety officers, health authorities, factory inspectors who need to be consulted

  • Related Documents and References – Any other documents, for example regulations, standards, practices, etc.


Example design specification

Example Design Specification


Product design specification contents

Product Design Specification Contents

  • Background Information

  • Scope of the Specification

  • Performance

  • Environment

  • Customer Needs*

  • Aesthetics, Appearance and Finish

  • Ergonomics*

  • Target Product Cost

  • Materials

  • Product Life Span

  • Maintenance

  • Standards and Specifications

  • Safety and Product Liability

  • Testing

  • Documentation

  • Disposal

* Include if necessary – based on the product


The designer in the design process

The Designer in the Design Process

  • Over the last century we find the role of the designer changing

  • Today, we take an integrated approach, forming expert teams

  • What’s next for the 21st century?

    • The Humblefactory: Empowering the Cottage Industrialist

      http://www.humblefactory.com

21st Century??


Mechoptronics4

Mechoptronics

Inventiveness and Innovation

Generating Ideas


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