Legal empowerment through NGOs

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Obstacles to Building Capacity of NGOs/CSOs to Advance Legal Empowerment. (1) FUNDING/resource constraintsLack of funds to sustain their work (project funding hinders sustainability)Capacity building fund (internal and external) is limitedNGOs themselves lack of support from donors. Obstacles to Building Capacity of NGOs/CSOs to Advance Legal Empowerment.

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Legal empowerment through NGOs

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1. Legal empowerment through NGOs/CSOs NGOs/CSOs (1) Obstacles to build NGOS/CSOs capacity to advance legal empowerment of disadvantaged groups (2) Ways to address these obstacles Disadvantaged Groups (3) Obstacles for empowerment of disadvantaged groups (4) Ways to address these obstacles

2. Obstacles to Building Capacity of NGOs/CSOs to Advance Legal Empowerment (1) FUNDING/resource constraints Lack of funds to sustain their work (project funding hinders sustainability) Capacity building fund (internal and external) is limited NGOs themselves lack of support from donors

3. Obstacles to Building Capacity of NGOs/CSOs to Advance Legal Empowerment (2) PARTNERSHIPS (a) RELATIONSHIP WITH DONORS Disconnect between the understanding of funders and NGOs as to who the targets are and what the funders expect Priorities of donors (objectives, reporting priorities/methods) Lack of patience (urgency to produce outputs) Improper Identification of CSOs/NGOs Institutional obstacles to work with non-registered NGOs e.g. Can UNDP work with non-registered NGOs? (b) RELATIONSHIP WITH LAWYERS Unwillingness of lawyers and legal professionals to work through NGOs and CSOs (Legal ideology discourages judges and lawyers from working with disadvantage groups) (c) RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER NGOs Lack of coordination among NGOs

4. Obstacles to Building Capacity of NGOs/CSOs to Advance Legal Empowerment (3) EXPERTISE High turnover of staff and thus expertise not sustained Technical capacity and knowledge of the law and legal issues are limited Inadequate research on effective legal empowerment strategies Minimum or unequal mastery of HRBA to development for social transformation management Lack of understanding of capacity constraints Lack of capacity to properly identify disadvantage groups, especially within disadvantaged groups, and their needs

5. Obstacles to Building Capacity of NGOs/CSOs to Advance Legal Empowerment (4) STAFF Time constraints High turnover of staff due to e.g. lack of financial sustainability of the NGO, low salaries, work is high-risk, etc Lack of dedicated qualified NGO/CSO personnel (5) ENVIRONMENT Lack of legal framework to support/sustain NGOs Lack of political will from government to support or sustain NGOs and their work Non registration and government control over the process of registration Lack of an overall context of a vibrant civil society (6) NGO ACCOUNTABILITY Mushrooming of NGOs and Lack of accountability on the part of NGOs to their constitutency and to their partners

6. Obstacles to Building Capacity of NGOs/CSOs to Advance Legal Empowerment (7) OUTREACH Civil Society is too narrowly defined. Civil society is context-specific. (exclusions) Weak outreach to the disadvantaged groups due to e.g. lack of information, geographical, time and resource constraints Compartmentalization of issues and thus at times cannot address their needs comprehensively (e.g. due to donor prioritization, lack of resources, etc)

7. Ways to Address these Obstacles (1) STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS Forming a coalition of pro-active NGOs Enable interactions between legal professionals and issue-oriented NGOs and CSOs Strengthen collective efforts for creating critical mass for CSOs to influence rights and justice initiatives Partnerships with relevant partners More support from donors, e.g. financial, appropriate technical and directional guidance to NGOs (2) NGO ACCOUNTABILITY Strengthening the accountability framework NGO mechanism --Integrity Commission

8. Ways to Address these Obstacles (3) SUSTAINABILITY OF EXPERTISE Ensure sustainability of expertise, e.g. NGO workers transmit their experience and experience to new members of the staff; to address quick staff turnover, staff development for NGOs Build expertise of NGOs on participation methodology, especially e.g. mainstream human rights NGOs incorporate women, children, Ips and other disadvantaged groups in their work (4) SUPPORTING and STRENGTHENING MECHANISMS Encourage CSOs in remote areas (set up pilot projects) Help initiate and support clinical legal education and related programs

9. Ways to Address these Obstacles (5) SUSTAINED CAPACITY BUILDING Proper capacity analysis/assessment before capacity building Capacity building in having better understanding and skills to empower disadvantage groups Skills to ensure properly identifying the disadvantaged groups and their various identities Capacity building in understanding legal issues and legal drafting Strengthen capacity to demand accountability from their constituencies Support both qualitative and quantitative research of NGOs Use the ten steps

10. Ways to Address these Obstacles (6) ENVIRONMENT Create appropriate legal environment by passing legislation consistent with UN human rights defenders declaration Legal framework and spaces for building/strengthening civil society organizations should be strengthened Facilitate the building of a vibrant civil society capable of engaging in a wide range of issues and sectors (7) ADVOCACY E.g. Advocacy for inclusion participation and registration of NGOS

11. Obstacles for the Empowerment of Disadvantaged Groups (1) NON-RECOGNITION (2) LACK OF AWARENESS/CAPACITY Lack of awareness of their rights and remedies Grassroots capacity building is limited Lack of skill and capacity to participate in governance Instant expectation by the claim holders Tendency to focus on symptoms rather than causes; underlying causes of disadvantage (3) RELATIONSHIPS Distrust of CSO/NGOs due to their past mistakes Lack of good will/political will by duty bearers

12. Obstacles for the Empowerment of Disadvantaged Groups (3) INABILITY to ORGANIZE They are unable to organized themselves and fruitfully contribute in development work. (4) OUTREACH/ ACCESS Access to disadvantage groups is difficult due to, e.g. geographical concerns, poverty, their historical and structural exclusions Lack of links to existing development efforts Lack of education and information amongst the disadvantaged groups Lack of opportunities to meaningfully participate in key decision making

13. Obstacles for the Empowerment of Disadvantaged Groups (5) APATHY Widespread indifference, passivity, apathy, tokenism by NGOs Resignation, unwillingness (6) ENVIRONMENT Lack of legal and supportive environment Lack of access to power Perpetuation of historical and structural inequalities, customary practices

14. Ways to Address these Obstacles (1) BUILDING AWARENESS AND CAPACITY Awareness and sensitization campaign Build capacity to enable informed participation in consultations, legal, judicial and other legal processes Trainings and awareness raising activities on human rights standards and mechanisms Build capacity for disadvantage groups to monitor violations of human rights, including building/strengthening mechanisms for monitoring. Political and legal education for disadvantaged groups, especially on critically evaluating laws and legal documents and their consequences Building disadvantage groups on the process of claiming their rights (e.g. understanding re process is long, patience) Build capacity for formulation of multifaceted approach at alleviation of disadvantage

15. Ways to Address these Obstacles (2) PARTNERSHIPS/RELATIONSHIPS Initiate and strengthen links to socio-economic development processes Involvement of media, educational institutions, NGOs, CSOs, e.g. in raising awareness and in providing connections to legal resource groups (3) Legal empowerment through Mainstreaming/Incorporating their rights in policies/programming

16. Ways to Address these Obstacles (4) ACCOUNTABILITY Strengthening accountability of NGOs to disadvantaged groups (5) ORGANIZING Organize disadvantage groups Link legal empowerment to supporting organizing Use of mobilization, movement and marches as a way to raise grievances/needs

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