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Fractal Geometry. Dr Helen McAneney. Centre for Public Health, Queen’s University Belfast. This talk. Steven H Strogatz, 1994. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos: with applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley). Fractals.

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Fractal Geometry

Dr Helen McAneney

Centre for Public Health,

Queen’s University Belfast



Steven H Strogatz, 1994. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos: with applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).


Fractals
Fractals applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

  • Term coined by Mandelbrot in 1975 and was derived from the Latin fractus meaning "broken" or "fractured.“

  • Self-similarity, i.e. look the same at different magnifications

  • Mathematics: A fractal is based on an iterative equation

    • Mandelbrot set

    • Julia Set

    • Fractal fern leaf

  • Approx. natural examples

    • clouds, mountain ranges, lightning bolts, coastlines, snow flakes, cauliflower, broccoli, blood vessels...


Mandelbrot set
Mandelbrot Set applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).


Netlogo mandelbrot
Netlogo: Mandelbrot applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Source: ccl.northwestern.edu


Interface
Interface applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

set z-real

c-real + (rmult z-real z-imaginary z-real z-imaginary)

set z-imaginary

c-imaginary + (imult temp-z-real z-imaginary temp-z-real z-imaginary)


Extension1
Extension1 applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

set z-real

c-real - (rmult z-real z-imaginary z-real z-imaginary)

set z-imaginary

c-imaginary - (imult temp-z-real z-imaginary temp-z-real z-imaginary)


Extension2
Extension2 applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

set z-real

c-real - (rmult z-real z-imaginary z-real z-imaginary)

set z-imaginary

c-imaginary + (imult temp-z-real z-imaginary temp-z-real z-imaginary)


Koch snowflake

1 applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

2

3

4

Koch Snowflake

  • With every iteration, the perimeter of this shape increases by one third of the previous length.

  • The Koch snowflake is the result of an infinite number of these iterations, and has an infinite length, while its area remains finite.


Netlogo l system fractals
Netlogo: L-System Fractals applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Koch’s Snowflake

3 iterations


Code applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

to kochSnowflake

ask turtles [set new? false pd]

ifelse ticks = 0

[repeat 3

[ t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 120 t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 120 ]

]

[t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 120 t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 120 ]

set len (len / 3)

d

end


First attempt
First attempt! applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).


Fractal square
Fractal Square? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 1


Fractal square1
Fractal Square? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 2


Fractal square2
Fractal Square? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 3


Fractal square3
Fractal Square? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 4


Code applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

to kochSnowflakenew2

ask turtles [set new? false pd]

ifelse ticks = 0

[repeat 4

[t ahead len l 90 t ahead len r 90 t ahead len r 90 t ahead len l 90 t ahead len r 90 ]

]

[t ahead len l 90 t ahead len r 90 t ahead len r 90 t ahead len l 90 t ahead len r 90 ]

set len (len / 3)

d

end


Fractal square 2
Fractal Square 2? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 1


Fractal square 21
Fractal Square 2? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 2


Fractal square 22
Fractal Square 2? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 3


Fractal square 23
Fractal Square 2? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 4


Code applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

to kochSnowflakenew2

ask turtles [set new? false pd]

ifelse ticks = 0

[repeat 4

[t ahead len r 90 t ahead len l 90 t ahead len l 90 t ahead len r 90 t ahead len r 90 ]

]

[t ahead len r 90 t ahead len l 90 t ahead len l 90 t ahead len r 90 t ahead len r 90 ]

set len (len / 3)

d

end


Fractal hexagon
Fractal Hexagon? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 1


Fractal hexagon1
Fractal Hexagon? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 2


Fractal hexagon2
Fractal Hexagon? applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Iteration 3


New code
New Code applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Addison-Wesley).

Changed heading to -30

to kochSnowflakeNEW

ask turtles [set new? false pd]

ifelse ticks = 0

[ repeat 6

[ t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 60 t ahead len r 60 t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 60 ]

]

[ t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 60 t ahead len r 60 t ahead len l 60 t ahead len r 60 ]

set len (len / 4)

d

end


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