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Bird market, Karachi, Pakistan . M. Rautkari, WWF-Canon. Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004. Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets A regional perspective from Asia. R.C. Kirkpatrick Regional Director TRAFFIC East Asia Disease, Conservation, & Public Policy

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Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets A regional perspective from Asia

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Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

Bird market, Karachi, Pakistan.M. Rautkari, WWF-Canon.

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

A regional perspective from Asia

R.C. Kirkpatrick

Regional Director

TRAFFIC East Asia

Disease, Conservation, & Public Policy

Bangkok, 15 November 2004


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

Bird market, Karachi, Pakistan.M. Rautkari, WWF-Canon.

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Summary

  • Live animal markets …-- Massive in scale-- Bring global biodiversity to Asia -- Mix wild & domestic animals

  • Conservation joins health …-- ‘Nature is dangerous’ versus-- ‘Linking regulatory frameworks’

  • Next steps-- Resolve contradictions-- Trade controls & infrastructure


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

Starlings, Medan, Indonesia.C. Shepard, TRAFFIC Southeast Asia.

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

‘Source’ markets of Southeast Asia

  • Jakarta-- Largest in Southeast Asia-- 80% birds, wild & domestic

  • Medan-- Birds, monkeys, turtles -- Some species 50% mortality/day

  • Indochina-- More markets, but smaller-- Birds, turtles, pangolins

C. Shepard, pers. comm.


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

http://sf.indymedia.org/news/2004/01/1670470.php

Civets in southern China.

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

End markets consolidating in China

  • Guangzhou & Shenzhen-- 677 species (39 mammals, 453 birds)-- Both wild-caught & captive bred -- Protected species ‘not unusual’

  • Viet Nam / China border-- ~ 200 vertebrate species -- > 50% protected species

  • Massive scale-- 90000 snakes, 24000 turtles/visit-- 600 pangolins/day

KFBG 2003; also http://www.traffic.org/25/network9/ASEAN/index_1.html


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

Kunming

Hanoi

Mandalay

Bangkok

Vientiane

Phnom Penh

Smuggling routes of Pangolin

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

Trade Chains Long & Complex

  • Pangolin example-- Malaysia to Thailand, to China-- Mainly land routes-- Large seizures occur regularly

  • Ever-changing routes-- Most recent: 120 pangolins, Myanmar->Laos->Viet Nam->China

  • New infrastructure-- Reduces transport ‘costs’-- Possible benefit to regulation?

Supradit Kanwanich 2002, also http://www.traffic.org/25/network9/ASEAN/index_1.html


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

Ducks & chickens, Shaanxi, China.M. Gunther, WWF-Canon.

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

General Lessons

  • Massive scale-- Lots of animals, poor conditions-- Mixing wild with domestic

  • Broad scope-- Animals, & diseases, from around the world

  • Regulators overwhelmed-- Trade chains long & complex-- Many competing priorities


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3908790/

Civet in southern China.

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

What SARS Taught Conservationists

  • The government is in control-- Wildlife markets were shut

  • Two basic ‘modes’ in China-- Unrestrained use-- Total ban

  • Conservation a low priority-- Wildlife markets were re-opened


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

Conservationists & public health

  • Two different strategies-- ‘Health’ as instrument of fear-- Common interests & joint action

  • ‘Nature is a danger’-- EU Wild Bird Policy (Avian flu)-- Hong Kong & reef fish (cyanide)

  • Conservation + Health-- Intuition: Health issues more compelling than conservation issues-- Leverage the health bureaucracy

Tufted deer in market, Sichuan, China.S. Chapman, WWF-Canon.


Wildlife trade and live animal markets a regional perspective from asia

http://coombs.anu.edu.au/~vern/wild-trade/captives/captives.html

Macaque in market, Vietnam.

Live Animal Markets in Asia, IUCN-WCC, 15 Nov 2004

Wildlife Trade and Live Animal Markets

Linkages & Next Steps

  • Common interests-- Goal is managed trade -- Animals should be ‘in the system’ -- ‘Rule of law’ is good -- Invasive species (?)

  • Next steps-- Resolve conflicts (e.g., Moluccan Cockatoo)-- Avoid ‘quick wins’ from ‘fear factor’-- Link trade controls with infrastructure development (e.g., ASEAN Action Plan for Fauna & Flora, 2005-2010)


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