The Determinist Argument:
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The Determinist Argument: All our actions are caused by forces over which we have no control. And if we have no control over our actions, we are not free. Responses: Libertarianism : some actions are free because they are not causally determined

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The Determinist Argument:All our actions are caused by forces over which we have no control. And if we have no control over our actions, we are not free.

  • Responses:

    • Libertarianism: some actions are free because they are not causally determined

    • Compatibilism: even if all actions are causally determined, we can still be free


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Libertarianism:Some human acts are undetermined

  • Argument from experience: we are conscious of deliberating and thinking of ourselves as free to have done otherwise

    • Objection: this could be self-deception

  • Indeterminism: like sub-atomic events, free actions are only probable, not determined

    • Objection: if free actions are random or only probable events, then we could not control or be responsible for them


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More Libertarian Arguments

  • The impossibility of self-prediction: any prediction of our own behavior would affect (and thus change) that behavior

    • Objection: predicting what we will do does not necessarily affect what we do

  • Moral accountability: if we are not free, then moral responsibility makes no sense

    • Objection: maybe regret, guilt, and moral responsibility are unjustified


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