The airport operator s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options
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The airport operator’s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options . Session 2 Presentation 3. Communication Hazards. Factors that can result in confusion and unintended actions: Lack of vehicle driver proficiency in: ATC terminology and instructions

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The airport operator s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options

The airport operator’s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options

Session 2

Presentation 3


Communication hazards

Communication Hazards

  • Factors that can result in confusion and unintended actions:

    • Lack of vehicle driver proficiency in:

      • ATC terminology and instructions

      • Communication techniques

      • English Language

    • Multiple tower / ground frequencies

      • Delayed response from tower


Communication mitigation

Communication Mitigation

  • To achieve required standards

    • Establish minimum language standards

    • Use standard phraseology

    • Develop radio operating procedures

      • When in doubt seek clarification

    • Require regular training and testing

  • Use separate tower / ground frequencies


Construction hazards

Construction Hazards

Hazards that appear when part of the airport becomes non-operational

  • May create unanticipated “hot spots”

  • Potential need for vehicles or equipment to cross runways

    • The more crossings, the higher the incursion risk

  • Potential impact on runway maintenance, snow removal or RFF procedures


Construction mitigations

Construction Mitigations

  • Conduct a hazard analysis whenever the airport configuration changes

  • Establish standard vehicle routes to avoid crossing movement areas

  • Provide training for all drivers of vehicles that operate on the movement area


Visibility hazards

Visibility Hazards

Reduced visibility increases potential for ground crew disorientation and as a result incursions

  • Not only due to fog, but also glare, rain, sand, or reflection from snow or water

  • Implement low visibility procedures for all ground vehicles

  • Establish low visibility routes

  • Develop driver training / driver licensing programs


  • Signage hazards

    Signage Hazards

    Signage may be complex, inadequate or not clearly visible

    • Complex signage

    • Inappropriate positioning


    Signage hazards1

    Signage Hazards

    • Inadequate signage for:

      • closed runway

      • taxiway

      • hot spots

      • Non-movement areas

  • Establish a system to identify signage issues

  • Install and maintain signs in accordance with regulatory requirements

  • Establish a signage maintenance program


  • Airport design hazards

    Airport Design Hazards

    • Runway and taxiway intersections

      • Intersections at various angles

      • Multiple runways and taxiways intersecting

    • Runways in close proximity to terminals

  • Identify high risk locations

  • Enhance signage and ground markings

  • Develop a briefing package

  • Implement SOPs for operations


  • Operational hazards

    Operational Hazards

    Hazards that result from operational factors including:

    • Emergency vehicle operations

    • RFF operations

    • Maintenance vehicles and equipment

    • Snow removal and deicing equipment

    • Unidentified hotspots

    • Identify hazards associated with each of the operations

    • Mitigate the hazards using appropriate training and technology and regulations

    • Establish supporting guidance material


    Thank you

    THANK YOU


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