The airport operator s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options
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The airport operator’s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options . Session 2 Presentation 3. Communication Hazards. Factors that can result in confusion and unintended actions: Lack of vehicle driver proficiency in: ATC terminology and instructions

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The airport operator s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options

The airport operator’s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options

Session 2

Presentation 3


Communication hazards
Communication Hazards hazards and mitigation options

  • Factors that can result in confusion and unintended actions:

    • Lack of vehicle driver proficiency in:

      • ATC terminology and instructions

      • Communication techniques

      • English Language

    • Multiple tower / ground frequencies

      • Delayed response from tower


Communication mitigation
Communication Mitigation hazards and mitigation options

  • To achieve required standards

    • Establish minimum language standards

    • Use standard phraseology

    • Develop radio operating procedures

      • When in doubt seek clarification

    • Require regular training and testing

  • Use separate tower / ground frequencies


Construction hazards
Construction Hazards hazards and mitigation options

Hazards that appear when part of the airport becomes non-operational

  • May create unanticipated “hot spots”

  • Potential need for vehicles or equipment to cross runways

    • The more crossings, the higher the incursion risk

  • Potential impact on runway maintenance, snow removal or RFF procedures


Construction mitigations
Construction Mitigations hazards and mitigation options

  • Conduct a hazard analysis whenever the airport configuration changes

  • Establish standard vehicle routes to avoid crossing movement areas

  • Provide training for all drivers of vehicles that operate on the movement area


Visibility hazards
Visibility Hazards hazards and mitigation options

Reduced visibility increases potential for ground crew disorientation and as a result incursions

  • Not only due to fog, but also glare, rain, sand, or reflection from snow or water

  • Implement low visibility procedures for all ground vehicles

  • Establish low visibility routes

  • Develop driver training / driver licensing programs


  • Signage hazards
    Signage Hazards hazards and mitigation options

    Signage may be complex, inadequate or not clearly visible

    • Complex signage

    • Inappropriate positioning


    Signage hazards1
    Signage Hazards hazards and mitigation options

    • Inadequate signage for:

      • closed runway

      • taxiway

      • hot spots

      • Non-movement areas

  • Establish a system to identify signage issues

  • Install and maintain signs in accordance with regulatory requirements

  • Establish a signage maintenance program


  • Airport design hazards
    Airport Design Hazards hazards and mitigation options

    • Runway and taxiway intersections

      • Intersections at various angles

      • Multiple runways and taxiways intersecting

    • Runways in close proximity to terminals

  • Identify high risk locations

  • Enhance signage and ground markings

  • Develop a briefing package

  • Implement SOPs for operations


  • Operational hazards
    Operational Hazards hazards and mitigation options

    Hazards that result from operational factors including:

    • Emergency vehicle operations

    • RFF operations

    • Maintenance vehicles and equipment

    • Snow removal and deicing equipment

    • Unidentified hotspots

    • Identify hazards associated with each of the operations

    • Mitigate the hazards using appropriate training and technology and regulations

    • Establish supporting guidance material


    Thank you

    THANK YOU hazards and mitigation options


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