the airport operator s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options
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The airport operator’s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options . Session 2 Presentation 3. Communication Hazards. Factors that can result in confusion and unintended actions: Lack of vehicle driver proficiency in: ATC terminology and instructions

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the airport operator s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options

The airport operator’s perspective on runway incursion hazards and mitigation options

Session 2

Presentation 3

communication hazards
Communication Hazards
  • Factors that can result in confusion and unintended actions:
    • Lack of vehicle driver proficiency in:
      • ATC terminology and instructions
      • Communication techniques
      • English Language
    • Multiple tower / ground frequencies
      • Delayed response from tower
communication mitigation
Communication Mitigation
  • To achieve required standards
    • Establish minimum language standards
    • Use standard phraseology
    • Develop radio operating procedures
      • When in doubt seek clarification
    • Require regular training and testing
  • Use separate tower / ground frequencies
construction hazards
Construction Hazards

Hazards that appear when part of the airport becomes non-operational

  • May create unanticipated “hot spots”
  • Potential need for vehicles or equipment to cross runways
    • The more crossings, the higher the incursion risk
  • Potential impact on runway maintenance, snow removal or RFF procedures
construction mitigations
Construction Mitigations
  • Conduct a hazard analysis whenever the airport configuration changes
  • Establish standard vehicle routes to avoid crossing movement areas
  • Provide training for all drivers of vehicles that operate on the movement area
visibility hazards
Visibility Hazards

Reduced visibility increases potential for ground crew disorientation and as a result incursions

    • Not only due to fog, but also glare, rain, sand, or reflection from snow or water
  • Implement low visibility procedures for all ground vehicles
  • Establish low visibility routes
  • Develop driver training / driver licensing programs
signage hazards
Signage Hazards

Signage may be complex, inadequate or not clearly visible

  • Complex signage
  • Inappropriate positioning
signage hazards1
Signage Hazards
    • Inadequate signage for:
      • closed runway
      • taxiway
      • hot spots
      • Non-movement areas
  • Establish a system to identify signage issues
  • Install and maintain signs in accordance with regulatory requirements
  • Establish a signage maintenance program
airport design hazards
Airport Design Hazards
    • Runway and taxiway intersections
      • Intersections at various angles
      • Multiple runways and taxiways intersecting
    • Runways in close proximity to terminals
  • Identify high risk locations
  • Enhance signage and ground markings
  • Develop a briefing package
  • Implement SOPs for operations
operational hazards
Operational Hazards

Hazards that result from operational factors including:

  • Emergency vehicle operations
  • RFF operations
  • Maintenance vehicles and equipment
  • Snow removal and deicing equipment
  • Unidentified hotspots
  • Identify hazards associated with each of the operations
  • Mitigate the hazards using appropriate training and technology and regulations
  • Establish supporting guidance material
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