Routing Fundamentals and Subnets. Objectives. Routed protocol IP routing protocols The mechanics of subnetting. Routed Protocol. Routable and Routed Protocols . A routed protocol allows the router to forward data between nodes on different networks.
A connection is established between the sender and the recipient before any data is transferred.
3 bits borrowed allows 23-2 or 6 subnets
5 bits borrowed allows 25-2 or 30 subnets
12 bits borrowed allows 212-2 or 4094 subnets