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Read to Learn. How to determine your values, interests, aptitudes, and abilities The importance of good self-concept in choosing a career How to identify your personality and learning styles and match them to career choices. Main Idea.

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Read to learn

Read to Learn

  • How to determine your values, interests, aptitudes, and abilities

  • The importance of good self-concept in choosing a career

  • How to identify your personality and learning styles and match them to career choices

Read to learn

Main Idea

Developing a good self-concept and using it to guide your career decisions will help you lead a rewarding, enjoyable life.

Read to learn

Key Concepts

  • Your Lifestyle Goals

  • Your Values

  • Your Interests

  • Your Aptitudes and Abilities

  • Your Personality and Learning Styles

Read to learn

Key Terms

  • lifestyle goals

  • values

  • data

  • aptitude

  • ability

  • personality

  • self-concept

  • learning styles

Your lifestyle goals

Your Lifestyle Goals

Considering your lifestyle goals will help you plan your future and choose a career.

lifestyle goals

the ways you want to spend your time, energy, and resources in the future

Your lifestyle goals1

Your Lifestyle Goals

Questions to Ask Yourself

  • What do you want to accomplish in life?

  • Where would you like to live?

  • How do you want to spend your free time?

  • Do you want a lot of money or just enough to be comfortable?

  • Do you plan to have a family?

Your values

Your Values

Your values define who you are, shape your attitudes and choices, and help you set priorities.


your beliefs and principles

Six general values

Six General Values

Choosing a career that matches your values can help ensure that you will enjoy work.

Your values1

Your Values

People in Your Life


Influences on Your Values



Six general values1

Six General Values



Six GeneralValues





Putting your values into practice

Putting Your Values into Practice

If you decide that helping others is one of your values, your career choices may include librarian, teacher, and nurse’s aid.

Your interests

Your Interests

Your interests are the things you enjoy doing.

You can discover what your interests are by trying new activities.

Favorite activities

Favorite Activities

Make a list of your ten favorite activities and rank them in order of preference.

You can add this list to your Personal Academic and Career Portfolio.

Data people or things

Data, People, or Things?

Identifying your interests can help you recognize whether you would prefer to work with data, people, or things.


information, knowledge, ideas, facts, words, symbols, figures, and statistics

Data people or things1

Data, People, or Things?

Accountants, librarians, physicists, proofreaders


Teaching, counseling, training rescue dogs and their handlers


Working with tools, plants, machinery, equipment, raw materials, and vehicles


Interest and aptitude assessment

Interest and Aptitude Assessment

An interest and aptitude assessment matches your interests and aptitudes to possible careers.

Your aptitudes and abilities

Your Aptitudes and Abilities

Think of an aptitude and an ability as the “before” and “after” of learning a skill.


a potential for learning a certain skill


a skill you have already developed

Identifying your aptitudes and abilities

Identifying Your Aptitudes and Abilities

  • Make a three-column chart with the headings Mental, Physical, and Social.

  • Ask friends or family members what they think your aptitudes and abilities are.

Matching your aptitudes and abilities to careers

Matching Your Aptitudes and Abilities to Careers

Try to think of at least one career that requires each of your skills.

Your personality and learning styles

Your Personality and Learning Styles

Your personality should also influence your career choice.


your unique combination of attitudes, behaviors, and characteristics

Your self concept

Your Self-Concept

Your self-concept is the kind of person you think you are.


the way you see yourself

For example, you may feel shy in new situations, but outgoing in familiar surroundings.

Different learning styles

Different Learning Styles

Being aware of your own learning styles helps you to determine the best way to learn something.

learning styles

the different ways in which people naturally think and learn

Read to learn

Eight Learning Styles

Figure 2.2

Different learning styles1

Different Learning Styles

You will do well in a career that suits your strongest learning style.

Determining your personality type

Determining Your Personality Type

No personality is better than another, but some personality characteristics may help you succeed in a certain profession.

Determining your personality type1

Determining Your Personality Type

Personality tests can help you understand your personality type and how you behave in social situations.

Read to learn

When the game is finished, close the Quick Quiz window andclick here for the next slide >>

Read to learn

Section 2.2After You Read

  • List the differences between an aptitude and an ability.

An aptitude is a potential for learning a certain skill; an ability is a skill that has already been developed.

Read to learn

Section 2.2After You Read

  • Explain how your values can influence the career choice you might make.

Knowing your values can help you select a career that is fulfilling, with goals that are important to you.

Read to learn

Section 2.2After You Read

  • Explain how knowing your learning style can help you select a career.

Knowing your learning style can help you select a career that suits your strongest learning style.

Read to learn

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