III HEMISPHERIC WORKSHOP ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
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III HEMISPHERIC WORKSHOP ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY. Panel 2 – Expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes Experiences of preventing and controlling risks of occupational accidents and diseases; and information systems.

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Panel 2 – Expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

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Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

III HEMISPHERIC WORKSHOP ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

Panel 2 – Expanding and strengthening

occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Experiences of preventing and controlling risks of

occupational accidents and diseases; and information systems

Dr. Juan Horacio González Gaviola

Superintendent of Occupational Risk

Cuzco, Peru • October 21 and 22, 2008


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

National Occupational Health and Safety System

  • Argentine Republic: Federalorganization

  • The national government (Ministry of Labor, Employment, and Social Security - MTEySS - and the Superintendency of Occupational Risk - SRT), together with the provincial governments, comprise the Comprehensive Labor Inspection and Social Security System (SIDITySS). Law 25.877.

  • Labor inspection is carried out under the shared jurisdiction of the provincial governments and the national government.

  • Failure to comply with Workplace Health and Safety norms generates:

    • Disciplinary procedures under provincial or national jurisdiction.

    • Imposition of sanctions: uniform system established in the Federal Labor Agreement (Law 25.212 – Annex II).

  • SRT/province agreements: Building inspection capacity (50% increase in the size of the health and safety inspector team (currently 156).


Data on argentina

Data on Argentina


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

National Occupational Health and Safety System

  • Regulatory action:

    • Occupational Health and Safety: Law 19.587

    • Occupational risks: Law 24.557

  • Training action:

    • Workers: Union agreements

    • Provinces: Training of inspectors, and training of trainers

    • Employers: WISE (Work Improvement Small Enterprises) / with chambers of commerce: Studies of specific risks

    • General public: Seminars

  • Inspection action:

    • Nation

    • Provinces: agreements

    • Occupational risk insurers (ARTs): Member reports of non-compliance


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Societal stakeholders and system players

  • National government: through the Superintendency of Occupational Risk (SRT) and the Superintendency of Insurance of the Nation (SSN)

  • Provincial governments and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires

  • Workers, and their representatives and unions

  • Employers (privates and public)

  • ARTs


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Prevention actions

Public dissemination and awareness campaigns

U$300,000/year

Training agreements with unions

2007 – 16 signed 2400 workers

2008 – 17 signed

12 under negotiation 8300 workers


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Permanent oversight programs

  • Objective:

  • To oversee the obligations established in Law 24.557 for employers and insurers within the competence and jurisdiction of the SRT:

  • Employers in Territories of National Jurisdiction (TJNs) –

  • Self-insured employers

  • Occupational Risk insurers

  • Central activity:

  • Coordination of inspection tasks, targeted programs with provinces.

  • Joint inspection operations with provincial governments.

  • Control Policy in the TJNs targeted at the following groups: Nuclear energy, Electricity generation and transport , Airports, Mining, Natural gas transport and distribution, Ports, Railways, Long distance passenger car transportation, National roads and bridges, Public agencies, Oil companies


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Targeted oversight programs

Incidence and business size

- “Empresas testigo” [warned companies] (50 or more workers)

- Manufacturing SMEs (11- 49 workers)

Severity

- Reduction in fatal accidents

Activity

- Construction companies

- Agribusiness

Other businesses: Basic group businesses


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Targeted oversight programs

Warned companies

Employers/accidents ratio


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Information systems

  • E-government implementation:

  • Electronic window (for forwarding requests to the ARTs)

  • Electronic complaints window(resolution of cases and forwarding of documentation by ARTs)

  • Management of internal processes – Procurement – Per diems – Requests for leave

  • Some results:

  • - Reduction in average complaint resolution time

  • Previously: 4 months to 3 years

  • Now: 5 to 7 days

  • - Better worker access to their rights

  • Better SRT image and greater authority with the ARTs

  • Debureaucratization of administrative systems

  • Cost reduction

  • Fewer man-hours on administrative tasks


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Information systems

Role:

Information is an essential instrument in the design and application of state policy for the prevention of occupational risks. In terms of compensation – financial and in-kind – reliable data is a key element of state control of the system’s stakeholders.

Channels:

www.srtprov.gov.ar (for provincial governments)

www.arts.gov.ar (for ARTs and the self-insured)


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Information systems

Example of an information circuit


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Entities connected to the information system

  • National government: through the Superintendency of Occupational Risk (SRT) of the Federal Public Revenue Administration (AFIP)

  • Provincial governments and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires

  • Self-insured employers

  • Occupational risk insurers (ARTs)

  • General public (only for annual OA/PD statistics and other publicly-available data, at: www.srt.gov.ar)


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

SRT

Provincial labor administration

A.R.T./A.A.

Workers

MAIN INFORMATION CIRCUITS OF THE OCCUPATIONAL RISK SYSTEM

Governmental control

Reports

Oversight

OVERSEES

Membership and technical assistance

Employers

Report accidents and professional diseases

BENEFITS

Oversight

Working conditions


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Challenges in the area of prevention and information

  • Strengthening of the AFIP’s Recording Simplification Program (PSR).

  • No. of accidents per business

  • Coordination of prevention actions among companies sharing risks

  • Widespread compliance with the PSR by employers and the ARTs (location of accident by the employer’s or third party business)

  • Incorporation of public employers

  • Improvement of data quality through automatic controls and case audits

  • Perfection of the ARTs’ control system [tablero de control].


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Contribution of labor inspection to strengthening a culture of prevention

  • SRT/province cooperation agreements to:

  • 1. Conduct joint inspections

  • 2. Cooperate with financial resources in strengthening local labor inspection

  • 3. Facilitate technical resources for the inspection areas

  • 4. Harmonize oversightprocedures

  • 5. Provide the inspection team with specific training

  • Make available the SRT information system for recording inspection activities

  • Provide employer information and statistical studies on occupational accident rates

  • Monitoring, evaluation, and control of the implementation of management systems.


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Final reflections

Institutional strengthening designed to:

  • Build the system’s capacity for oversight, control, and prevention.

  • Coordinate planning and inspection with provincial authorities, focusing actions on companies with high accident rates.

  • Fulfill short- and medium-term prevention targets in SMEs.

  • Form quadripartite committees (SRT, unions, employers, and insurers) to improve prevention measures and compensatory benefits.


Panel 2 expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes

We consider work the gateway to a better quality of life

And not a way to lose the health or lives of workers.

Thank you very much

www.srt.gov.ar


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