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III HEMISPHERIC WORKSHOP ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY. Panel 2 – Expanding and strengthening occupational risk prevention and control schemes Experiences of preventing and controlling risks of occupational accidents and diseases; and information systems.

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III HEMISPHERIC WORKSHOP ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

Panel 2 – Expanding and strengthening

occupational risk prevention and control schemes

Experiences of preventing and controlling risks of

occupational accidents and diseases; and information systems

Dr. Juan Horacio González Gaviola

Superintendent of Occupational Risk

Cuzco, Peru • October 21 and 22, 2008

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National Occupational Health and Safety System

  • Argentine Republic: Federalorganization
  • The national government (Ministry of Labor, Employment, and Social Security - MTEySS - and the Superintendency of Occupational Risk - SRT), together with the provincial governments, comprise the Comprehensive Labor Inspection and Social Security System (SIDITySS). Law 25.877.
  • Labor inspection is carried out under the shared jurisdiction of the provincial governments and the national government.
  • Failure to comply with Workplace Health and Safety norms generates:
    • Disciplinary procedures under provincial or national jurisdiction.
    • Imposition of sanctions: uniform system established in the Federal Labor Agreement (Law 25.212 – Annex II).
  • SRT/province agreements: Building inspection capacity (50% increase in the size of the health and safety inspector team (currently 156).
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National Occupational Health and Safety System

  • Regulatory action:
    • Occupational Health and Safety: Law 19.587
    • Occupational risks: Law 24.557
  • Training action:
    • Workers: Union agreements
    • Provinces: Training of inspectors, and training of trainers
    • Employers: WISE (Work Improvement Small Enterprises) / with chambers of commerce: Studies of specific risks
    • General public: Seminars
  • Inspection action:
    • Nation
    • Provinces: agreements
    • Occupational risk insurers (ARTs): Member reports of non-compliance
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Societal stakeholders and system players

  • National government: through the Superintendency of Occupational Risk (SRT) and the Superintendency of Insurance of the Nation (SSN)
  • Provincial governments and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
  • Workers, and their representatives and unions
  • Employers (privates and public)
  • ARTs
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Prevention actions

Public dissemination and awareness campaigns

U$300,000/year

Training agreements with unions

2007 – 16 signed 2400 workers

2008 – 17 signed

12 under negotiation 8300 workers

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Permanent oversight programs

  • Objective:
  • To oversee the obligations established in Law 24.557 for employers and insurers within the competence and jurisdiction of the SRT:
  • Employers in Territories of National Jurisdiction (TJNs) –
  • Self-insured employers
  • Occupational Risk insurers
  • Central activity:
  • Coordination of inspection tasks, targeted programs with provinces.
  • Joint inspection operations with provincial governments.
  • Control Policy in the TJNs targeted at the following groups: Nuclear energy, Electricity generation and transport , Airports, Mining, Natural gas transport and distribution, Ports, Railways, Long distance passenger car transportation, National roads and bridges, Public agencies, Oil companies
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Targeted oversight programs

Incidence and business size

- “Empresas testigo” [warned companies] (50 or more workers)

- Manufacturing SMEs (11- 49 workers)

Severity

- Reduction in fatal accidents

Activity

- Construction companies

- Agribusiness

Other businesses: Basic group businesses

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Targeted oversight programs

Warned companies

Employers/accidents ratio

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Information systems

  • E-government implementation:
  • Electronic window (for forwarding requests to the ARTs)
  • Electronic complaints window(resolution of cases and forwarding of documentation by ARTs)
  • Management of internal processes – Procurement – Per diems – Requests for leave
  • Some results:
  • - Reduction in average complaint resolution time
  • Previously: 4 months to 3 years
  • Now: 5 to 7 days
  • - Better worker access to their rights
  • Better SRT image and greater authority with the ARTs
  • Debureaucratization of administrative systems
  • Cost reduction
  • Fewer man-hours on administrative tasks
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Information systems

Role:

Information is an essential instrument in the design and application of state policy for the prevention of occupational risks. In terms of compensation – financial and in-kind – reliable data is a key element of state control of the system’s stakeholders.

Channels:

www.srtprov.gov.ar (for provincial governments)

www.arts.gov.ar (for ARTs and the self-insured)

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Information systems

Example of an information circuit

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Entities connected to the information system

  • National government: through the Superintendency of Occupational Risk (SRT) of the Federal Public Revenue Administration (AFIP)
  • Provincial governments and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
  • Self-insured employers
  • Occupational risk insurers (ARTs)
  • General public (only for annual OA/PD statistics and other publicly-available data, at: www.srt.gov.ar)
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SRT

Provincial labor administration

A.R.T./A.A.

Workers

MAIN INFORMATION CIRCUITS OF THE OCCUPATIONAL RISK SYSTEM

Governmental control

Reports

Oversight

OVERSEES

Membership and technical assistance

Employers

Report accidents and professional diseases

BENEFITS

Oversight

Working conditions

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Challenges in the area of prevention and information

  • Strengthening of the AFIP’s Recording Simplification Program (PSR).
  • No. of accidents per business
  • Coordination of prevention actions among companies sharing risks
  • Widespread compliance with the PSR by employers and the ARTs (location of accident by the employer’s or third party business)
  • Incorporation of public employers
  • Improvement of data quality through automatic controls and case audits
  • Perfection of the ARTs’ control system [tablero de control].
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Contribution of labor inspection to strengthening a culture of prevention

  • SRT/province cooperation agreements to:
  • 1. Conduct joint inspections
  • 2. Cooperate with financial resources in strengthening local labor inspection
  • 3. Facilitate technical resources for the inspection areas
  • 4. Harmonize oversightprocedures
  • 5. Provide the inspection team with specific training
  • Make available the SRT information system for recording inspection activities
  • Provide employer information and statistical studies on occupational accident rates
  • Monitoring, evaluation, and control of the implementation of management systems.
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Final reflections

Institutional strengthening designed to:

  • Build the system’s capacity for oversight, control, and prevention.
  • Coordinate planning and inspection with provincial authorities, focusing actions on companies with high accident rates.
  • Fulfill short- and medium-term prevention targets in SMEs.
  • Form quadripartite committees (SRT, unions, employers, and insurers) to improve prevention measures and compensatory benefits.
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We consider work the gateway to a better quality of life

And not a way to lose the health or lives of workers.

Thank you very much

www.srt.gov.ar

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