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3 rd meeting. NOUN CLAUSE (NOMINAL GROUP). Noun and Noun Phrase. A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words which small children learn . Proper Nouns & Common Noun

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3 rd meeting

3rd meeting


noun and noun phrase
Noun and Noun Phrase
  • A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words which small children learn.
  • Proper Nouns & Common Noun
  • You always write a proper noun with a capital letter, since the noun represents the name of a specific person, place, or thing.
  • A common noun is a noun referring to a person, place, or thing in a general sense -- usually, you should write it with a capital letter only when it begins a sentence.
noun and noun phrase1
Noun and Noun Phrase
  • Concrete Nouns & Abstract Nouns
  • A concrete noun is a noun which names anything (or anyone) that you can perceive through your physical senses: touch, sight, taste, hearing, or smell.
  • An abstract noun is a noun which names anything which you can not perceive through your five physical senses, and is the opposite of a concrete noun.
  • Some scientists believe that schizophrenia is transmitted genetically.
  • Tillie is amused by people who are nostalgic about childhood.
noun and noun phrase2
Noun and Noun Phrase
  • Noun phrasesataufrasenominaadalahfrase yang terdiridarinominaataupronomina (sebagaihead) danmodifiers.
  • Modifiers yang biasanyamenyertainominaadalah:- determiners (articles, demonstratives, numbers, possessives, quantifiers) - adjectives, adjective phrases, adjective clauses - relative clauses
noun and noun phrase3
Noun and Noun Phrase
  • My coach is happy.
  • I like the cars over there.
  • The woman who lives there is my aunt.
  • thechildren
  • happy children
  • the happychildren

* articles: a, an, the and Ø

noun clause
  • a subordinate clause that functions as a noun within a main clause.
  • A noun clause does the work of a noun in a sentence or phrase. It is a group of words containing a subject and a finite verb of its own.
  • A noun clause is an entire clause which takes the place of a noun in another clause or phrase.
  • clause (i.e. subject dan verb) yang difungsikansebagai noun. Noun clause dalamkalimatpadaumumnyadigunakansebagai subject dan object kalimat.
noun clause1
  • If a clause can stand alone as a sentence, it is an independent clause, as in the following example:

* Independent: The Prime Minister is in Ottawa

  • Some clauses, however, cannot stand alone as sentences: in this case, they are dependent clauses or subordinate clauses. Consider the same clause with the subordinating conjunction "because" added to the beginning:

* Dependent: Whenthe Prime Minister is in Ottawa, …

some rules
Some Rules
  • noun clauses usually begin with words like: how, why, what, where, when, who, that, which, whose, whether, etc.
  • Also words like: whoever, whenever, whatever and wherever.
  • Noun clauseadalahklausa yang berfungsisebagainomina. Karenafungsinyasebagainomina, makanoun clausedapatmendudukiposisi-posisiberikut:
  • Subjekkalimat (subject of a sentence)
  • Objekverbatransitif (object of a transitive verb)
  • Objekpreposisi (object of a preposition)
  • Pelengkap (complement)
  • Pemberiketerangantambahan (noun in apposition)
subjek kalimat subject of a sentence
Subjekkalimat (subject of a sentence)
  • What you said doesn’t convince me at all.

 It doesn’t convince me at all.

  • How he becomes so rich makes people curious.
  • What the salesman has said is untrue.
  • That the world is round is a fact.
objek verba transitif object of a transitive verb
Objekverbatransitif(object of a transitive verb)
  • I know what you mean.

 I know that.

  • I don’t understand what he is talking about.
  • He said that his son would study in Australia.
objek preposisi object of a preposition
Objekpreposisi(object of a preposition)
  • Please listen to what your teacher is saying.
  • Budi pays full attention to how the native speaker is pronouncing the English word.
  • Be careful of what you’re doing.
pelengkap complement
Pelengkap (complement)
  • The good news is that the culprit has been put into the jail.
  • This is what I want.
  • That is what you need.
pemberi keterangan tambahan noun in apposition
Pemberiketerangantambahan(noun in apposition)
  • The idea that people can live without oxygen is unreasonable.
  • The fact that Rudi always comes late doesn’t surprise me.