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Chapter 10 section 6. Subsistence Agriculture Regions. Terms/Concepts. Shifting Cultivation Slash-and-burn agriculture Swidden Pastoral nomadism Intensive subsistence agriculture Plantation. Comparing Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture.

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Chapter 10 section 6

Chapter 10 section 6

Subsistence Agriculture Regions


Terms concepts
Terms/Concepts

  • Shifting Cultivation

  • Slash-and-burn agriculture

  • Swidden

  • Pastoral nomadism

  • Intensive subsistence agriculture

  • Plantation


Comparing subsistence and commercial agriculture
Comparing Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture

  • Subsistence Agriculture- the production of food primarily for consumption by the farmer’s family

  • Commercial Agriculture- the production of food primarily for sale off the farm


Comparison
Comparison

Subsistence

Commercial

MDC nations

Large size (444 acres)

Mechanization

  • LDC nations

  • Small size (1.7 acres)

  • Hand farmed


4 types of subsistence agriculture regions
4 Types of Subsistence Agriculture Regions

  • Shifting Cultivation (slash-and-burn agriculture)- fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris

  • Swidden- the cleared area of land

    • Can only support crops for 3 years

  • Slowly disappearing and being replaced by logging, cattle ranching, and cash crops


Pastoral nomadism
Pastoral Nomadism

  • Pastoral Nomadism- based on the herding of domesticated animals

    • Adapted to dry climates where crop planting is impossible

    • Consume mainly grain- typically their animals are not slaughtered

    • 15 million people today


Intensive subsistence
Intensive Subsistence

  • Intensive Subsistence agriculture- when farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land

    • Occur where there is large populations and not much arable land


Plantation
Plantation

  • Plantation- a large farm that specializes in one or two crops and the crops are usually sold to MDCs

    • Many LDCs have plantations where they are owned and operated by Europeans or N. Americans


Terms concepts1
Terms/Concepts

  • Shifting Cultivation

  • Slash-and-burn agriculture

  • Swidden

  • Pastoral nomadism

  • Intensive subsistence agriculture

  • Plantation


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