Management of adolescent pcos
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MANAGEMENT OF ADOLESCENT PCOS. DR.ABHISHEK SINGH PARIHAR M.S ( Obs & Gyne ) ; FELLOW REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE CONSULTANT : LIFECARE IVF CENTRE, NEW DELHI ABALONE CLINIC, NOIDA

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MANAGEMENT OF ADOLESCENT PCOS

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MANAGEMENT OF ADOLESCENT PCOS

DR.ABHISHEK SINGH PARIHAR

M.S (Obs & Gyne) ;

FELLOW REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE

CONSULTANT : LIFECARE IVF CENTRE, NEW DELHI

ABALONE CLINIC, NOIDA

ETERNA IVF CENTER, NEW DELHI


DEFINITION

  • PCOS is a heterogenous endocrine metabolic disorder characterised by hyperandrogenemia,chronic anovulation,and/or polycystic ovaries

  • Irving F.Stein & Michael L. Leventhal -1935


  • MAIN FEATURES

    -Anovulation

    -POLYCYSTIC OVARIES

    -Hyperinsulinemia

    -Hyperandrogenism


Rotterdam consensus

Revised 2003 criteria (2 out of 3)

1. Oligo- or anovulation,

2. Clinical and/or biochemical signs of hyperandrogenism,

3. Polycystic ovaries

and exclusion of other etiologies (congenital adrenal hyperplasia, androgen-secreting tumors, Cushing’s syndrome)


Exclusion of related disorders

CAH-Basal morning 17-OHP,(2-3 ng/ml)

WHO I &III –FSH,LH,E2

Hypothyroidism,Hyperprolactenemia-Sr.TSH,Sr.Prl

Syndromes of severe insulin resistance(HAIRAN syn)

Cushing syndrome-Dexa supression test

Androgen secreting tumours /exogenous androgens


Clinical Presentation

Adolescent

Period

Reproductive

Period

Menopausal

  • Menstrual

  • Irregularity

    • Obesity

  • Cosmetic

    concerns

  • Acne

  • Hirsutism Hair Loss

  • Infertility

  • Early Pregnancy loss

  • During pregnancy

    • PIH

    • GDM

  • Metabolic

  • Syndrome

  • Ca Endometrium


PCOS

Most frequent endocrine problem in adolescent age group

In 5-15%women of reproductive age group (12-45 years)

Consensus on women’s health aspects of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): the Amsterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored 3rd PCOS Consensus Workshop Group. Fertility and Sterility Vol. 97, No. 1, January 2012. Bart C. J. M. Fauser et.al.


Life Style Management

Diet + Exercise = Weight Loss


Diet

Dietary intervention ( high protien, low carbohydrate , low fat diet more effective)

Energy deficit of 500-1000 Kcal/day


Diet counselling

Goals – practical,realistic,achievable

Small frequent meals

More fruits/vegetables/fibre(bran)

Decreased sugar/fried food /cola

Switch to healthy oils

More steamed /grilled cooking


Exercise

  • American Diabetes Association recommends minimum of :-

  • 150 minutes/week of moderate to vigrous exercise

  • for individuals with IGT.

  • Should be distributed over 3 days

  • For long term weight reduction – 1 hour/day of

  • exercise is recommended.

Ref : Kathleen Metal Clin Obst Gynecol 2007


Find simple ways to add physical activity in daily routine


Role of weight loss

5-7% wt. Reduction effective in restoring normal menses and fertility

Ref : Kathleen M et al Fertility & Sterility 2004


50 % by just weight control

PCOS can’t be cured

but the symptoms can be managed


Consensus on women’s healthaspects of polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS): the Amsterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored 3rd PCOSConsensus Workshop 2010

Fertility and Sterility, Vol. 97, No. 1, January 2012


  • Overall, the benefits of OCPs outweigh the risks in most patients with PCOS (level B).

  • Women with PCOS are more likely to have contraindications for OCP use than normal women (level C).


  • There is no evidence for differences in effectiveness and risk among the various progestogens and when used in combination with a 20 versus 30 mg daily dose of estrogen

    (level B).


  • PCOS is a major risk factor for developing IGT and Type 2 Diabetes (level A).

  • Obesity (by amplifying insulin resistance) is an exacerbating factor in the development of IGT and T2D in PCOS (level A).

  • The increasing prevalence of obesity in the population

    suggests that a further increase in diabetes in PCOS is to be expected (level B).

  • Screening for IGT and T2D should be performed by OGTT (75 g, 0- and 2-hour values). There is no utility for measuring insulin in most cases (level C).


  • Screening should be performed in the following conditions: hyperandrogenism with anovulation, acanthosis nigricans,obesity (BMI >30 kg/m2, or >25 in Asian populations), in women with a family history of T2D or GDM (level C).

  • Metformin may be used for IGT and T2D (level A). Avoid use of other insulin sensitizing agents such as thiazolidinediones (GPP).


  • Prolonged (>6 months) medical therapy for hirsutism is necessary to document effectiveness (level B)

  • Antiandrogens should not be used without effective contraception (level B)

  • Flutamide is of limited value because of its dose-dependent hepatotoxicity (level B).

  • Drospirenone in the dosage used in some OCPs is not antiandrogenic(level B).


There are moderate quality data to support that women with PCOS have a 2.7-fold (95% confidence interval [CI],1.0–7.3) increased risk for endometrial cancer. (level B).

Limited data exist that do not support the conclusion that women with PCOS are at increased risk for ovarian cancer

(level B).


Limited data exist that do not support the conclusion that women with PCOS are at increased risk for breast cancer

(level B).


CONCLUSION

  • Management of the disease begins by building positive, supportive relationship with adolescent diagnosed with PCOS.

  • Positive relationship helps adolescent to share the signs and symptoms of this chronic disease which can have great impact on one’s body Image and self esteem…

  • Dedicated Adolescent

    health clinics


Implications of diagnosis at adolescent age

Optimization of lifestyle

Regular metabolic screening

Proactive fertility planning with consideration of planning for conception at an earlier age


Thank you


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