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THE ARAB QUALITY AND FOOD SAFETY CONFERENCE 15-16 June 2006, Beirut “QUALITY AND GLOBAL TRADE” PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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www.unido.org. THE ARAB QUALITY AND FOOD SAFETY CONFERENCE 15-16 June 2006, Beirut “QUALITY AND GLOBAL TRADE” UNIDO Perspective Gerardo Patacconi IDO, UNIDO Focal Point for UNIDO/WTO MoU and ISO/DEVCO Trade Capacity Building Branch [email protected] www.unido.org.

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THE ARAB QUALITY AND FOOD SAFETY CONFERENCE 15-16 June 2006, Beirut “QUALITY AND GLOBAL TRADE”

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The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

THE ARAB QUALITY AND FOOD SAFETY CONFERENCE

15-16 June 2006, Beirut

“QUALITY AND GLOBAL TRADE”

UNIDO Perspective

Gerardo Patacconi

IDO, UNIDO Focal Point for UNIDO/WTO MoU and ISO/DEVCO

Trade Capacity Building Branch

[email protected]


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Emerging Quality and Safety issues

  • Food scares and other security issues

  • Global, regional, national TBT/SPS regulations

  • Standards and Conformity Assessment infrastructure

  • Supply-capacity (quality, quantity, price) and competitiveness

  • global/regional value chains

  • UNIDO Global Approach


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Food scares and other security issues

I’ve got MAD……….

and the World become CRAZY

about improving food quality and safety systems


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

EMERGING ISSUES

  • Focus on supply-chain and border security:

  • Bioterrorism Act) to protect the US from the threat of bioterrorism using the food chain.(Registration, US Agent, Prior Notice and Establishment and Maintenance of Records)

  • Custom Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT)

  • The Container Security initiative (CSI)

  • The 24-Hour Rule

HIGH COST

SECURITY: Risk of deliberate contamination, frauds and misuse of shipment

SAFETY: Distribution of unsafe/adulterated Food products (to be withdrawn from the supply chain and timely and accurate information given to consumers)

  • Focus on supply-chain and food safety:

  • EU Food Law – Regulation (EC) 178/2002

  • Residual of pesticides

  • Labeling,

  • Standards/Technical Regulations

  • Conformity Assessment procedures

  • ………….


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

  • Standards and Conformity Assessment infrastructure

  • Poor physical facilities/infrastructure

  • Limited academic and research capabilities and technical/scientific know-how/skills

  • Inefficient institutional set up (Standards and conformity assessment functions, when exist, are scatters among too many institutions)

  • Early focus on mandatory standards and inspection

  • Revenues generated could not be retained due to the public law status


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

  • Standards and Conformity Assessment infrastructure

  • Labs established even with donor support not sustainable

  • Donation of equipment with poor planning, training, and lacking adequate local physical infrastructure/staff, absorbion capacity

  • Political instability and conflicts,

  • Lack of funding

  • Lack of demand

  • Low-level of manufacturing due to focus on commodities

  • Exposed to barriers to trade especially SPS measures


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Standards and Conformity Assessment infrastructure

  • Poor and uneven quality of local products

  • National quality infrastructure lacks credibility and tests and certificates by local laboratories notrecognized in export countries.

  • Inability of DCs to utilize preferential treatment/ market access concessions.

High Risk of rejection of products in export markets due to lack of conformity (TBS and SPS).


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Supply-capacity (quality, quantity, price) and competitiveness and integration in regional/global value chains


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Global Trade Growth & Marginalisation

World exports, 1980-2004 (US$ billion)

  • Share of developing countries in global trade only 26%

  • Every 1% growth in Trade, LEADS TO one-half % Income increase

  • Over 75% of global trade is in manufactures (Industry the key)


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

+11%

+19%

- 9%

- 20%

Immediate Opportunities: Agro Food Exports

World and Developing country exports of fish,processed fruits & vegetables now exceed the combined value of exports of tropical crops: Cotton, Coffee, Sugar, Tobacco. (source:UN COMTRADE)


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Immediate Opportunities: Agro Food Exports


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Global Trade Challenges

Tariffs reduced – Other Barriers remain

“LDCs have neither the surplus of capacity of exportable products nor the production capacity to take immediate advantage of new trade opportunities”

Kofi Annan - UN SG, Financial Times, 5 Mar. 2001

US$ 1.75 bn.exports from developing countries have been disrupted in2004, due to SPS (food safety) non-compliance. Whileonly US$ 53 mn. spent by donors onSPS support.

World Bank 2004, Steven Jaffee & Spencer Henson, Standards and Agro-Food Exports from Developing Countries – Rebalancing the Debate

COST OF COMPLIANCE TO FOOD SAFETY RULES -UNIDO Estimates

Shrimp exports to the EU - Testing and Compliance cost adds 2.8%

Enterprise Quality/safety set up cost – adds 5% to product cost

National Quality & Testing infrastructure – US$ 5.0 mn. to US$ 25.0 mn.


Quality systems in the agri food industry

www.unido.org

ISO 22000

direct

supplier to

the retail

AFITA/WCCA 2004

Quality systems in the Agri-Food-Industry

Stages of the

food industry

-

retail

processing

farmer

Feed industry

-

Q+S

Certus

IKB

Label Rouge

GMP

EurepGAP

BQM

Agri Confiance

QM-Milch

IKM KKM

DQG

IFS

EFSIS BRC

Quality systems

Quality and safety and Beyond


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

Integration Needs

DifferentProduct Lines

BRC

HACCP

ABM

Enterprise/ChainManagementSystem

ISO 22000

ISO9000

Q+S

Traceability

GHP

ISO14001

EurepGAP

IFS

etc.

GMP 1...X

SQF


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Quality

Price

safety

AFITA/WCCA 2004

The “big”dilemma


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Compete

Conform

Connect

UNIDO GLOBAL APPROACH: The UNIDO 3 Cs

  • “Countries must have marketable products for export”

     COMPETITIVITY of productive capacities

  • “Products must conform to requirements of clients and markets”

     CONFORMITYwith standards

  • “Rules for trade applied and simplified cross border transactions”

     CONNECTIVITYto markets


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

Forming Strategic Partnerships for Trade Capacity Building


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

Thank You


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

www.unido.org

Total UNIDO TRTA Portfolio: OECD/WTO TCB Data Base

UNIDO TCB projects 2005: US$ 64.6 Mn.

Additional US$ 90.4 Mn. under negotiations

Source: UNIDO elaboration


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

Case of Egypt

Traceability of agro-industrial products for the European Market

Situation Before

  • Exporters not aware of impact of new Directive EC 178/2002 that could become a TBT as of 1st January 2005:

  • Insufficient national capability to assess the problem, its impact and implement cost-effective solutions

  • Lack of funding (institutions/enterprises)

  • Risk of loosing foreign markets by local suppliers and complementary industries

  • Key priority exported products to be effected with high negative impact not known


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

Case of Egypt

Traceability of agro-industrial products for the European Market

Situation Today

  • TRTA/CB Project elaborated jointly by UNIDO and the Ministry of Foreign Trade (MOFT) with support of Italian authorities

  • TRTA/CB funded utilising a debt swap agreed between Italy and Egypt and linked to an Italian Initiative for trade facilitation called the “green corridor”

  • Egyptian producers assisted and traceability scheme implemented and linkages with Italian/European Importers established

Funded in the framework of the “Debt-for-Development Swap” agreement (19.02.2001) by the Government of the Italian Republic and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

Case of Egypt

Traceability of agro-industrial products for the European Market

Situation Today

  • Assistance to Pack Houses (~100) and through them to over 5000 producers

  • Available software assessed and 5 best options selected

  • UNIDO Traceability manual developed and adopted

  • Over 600 Egyptian trained in traceability and related issues

  • Physical traceability assessed (farm to fork)

  • Value chain analysis of selected products

  • Mapping of pack Houses and production pattern


The arab quality and food safety conference 15 16 june 2006 beirut quality and global trade

Case of Egypt

Traceability of agro-industrial products for the European Market

Situation Today

  • Financial scheme designed

  • Applicants to traceability fund assessed (ICT infrastructure, traceability system SWAT, assistance in selection of technology, support in implementation)

  • Physical traceability assessed (farm to fork)

  • Assess sector technology upgrading needs

  • Assistance planned for Plant Quarantine system

  • Preparatory work for assistance to food manufacturers (also internal traceability)


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