Best practices in the reintegration of former prisoners in hungary
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BEST PRACTICES IN THE REINTEGRATION OF FORMER PRISONERS IN HUNGARY. Speaker: Mr. Pál CSONKA Educators’ Centre Association, HU. BEST PRACTICES. Why is there need for help in reintegration?

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BEST PRACTICES IN THE REINTEGRATION OF FORMER PRISONERS IN HUNGARY

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Best practices in the reintegration of former prisoners in hungary

BEST PRACTICES IN THEREINTEGRATION OF FORMER PRISONERS IN HUNGARY

Speaker: Mr. Pál CSONKA

Educators’ Centre Association, HU

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


Best practices

BEST PRACTICES

  • Why is there need for help in reintegration?

    • HU Law: prison is meant to be serving reintegration, as a penal institution! -> it doesn’t (always) work, OR not enough

    • Humanitarian reasons: they need help

  • Several organisations and projects in Hungary deal with reintegration of ex-prisoners: they differ in type, size, function, budget etc.

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


Best practices1

BEST PRACTICES

  • Types of organisations:

    • State administration: Ministry of Justice – Department of Crime Prevention, authorities (labour centres), penal institutions (prisons)

    • NGO’s: foundations, associations

    • „Church” organisations (missions)

    • Educational institutions (vocational, adult training)

    • Social welfare „companies”

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


Best practices2

BEST PRACTICES

  • Function:

    • Education

    • Supportive care

    • Provide info on job opportunities….. Etc.

  • Funding:

    • State subsidy

    • EU Structural Funds

    • Donations

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


Best practices3

BEST PRACTICES

Some examples:

  • 6 organisations

  • 9 projects

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

PROFILE:

  • „Váltósáv” - Private foundation NGO

  • assistance of prisoners, released offenders and those with a criminal record in their reintegration in the society and the labour market

  • primarily deal with young people (16-35)

  • continuous (after)care and the operation of a civil helping system

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation1

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

STAFF:

  • 6 workers

  • Qualification: secondary school teacher, social worker, social teacher, expert in social politics, public educator, qualified narcology assistant.

    HISTORY:

  • Started as a private school – 2 students were sentenced to prison – developed a training/care programme

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation2

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

ACTIVITIES 1.:

  • Assisting in the preparation for the secondary school leaving exam, improving the chances of re-integration

  • Organizing, operating and maintaining a special, personality-based learning -teaching programme for first-offenders and young people with a criminal lifestyle

  • Recognizing, realizing and reinforcing individual abilities

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation3

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

ACTIVITIES 2.:

  • Psycho-social treatment of personal problems; mental-hygienic care

  • Lifestyle assistance

  • Organizing, operating and maintaining special helping-problem solving groups supporting the re-integration in the society

  • Crime prevention; organizing and managing informative discussions on prevention

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation4

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

ACTIVITIES 3.:

  • Operating a civil support system

  • Providing continuous after-care

  • Preventing the process of prison socialization

  • Involving ex-offenders in caring work - as far as possible - and supporting their training in helping work

  • Family care

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation5

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

ACTIVITIES 4.:

  • Organizing professional meetings, coordinating methodology exchange

  • Methodological and research work concerning deviance and its possible treatments, with special respect to criminal lifestyle

  • Organizing spare time and community activities

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation6

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

SELECTED PROJECTS:

  • „Youth work” in the penal institutions

  • „I will learn to learn” and „Create with me!”- Preparation for release for young people in penal institutions

  • „Changing Programme” - employment of ex-criminal youth and support reintegration in the labour market

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation7

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

1. „YOUTH WORK” project - Summary

  • Aim: to create and increase the possibilities and chances of reintegration to the society and the labour market of ex-prisoners and/or deviant/criminal young people

  • Method: operating a continuous (after)care model and a civil helping system

  • Based on the synergy of supportive and educative elements, such as psychosocial care and the aimed delivery of the target group to the training institutions and the labour market

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation8

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

1. „YOUTH WORK” project – Indicators

  • target group: young prisoners aged 15-29

  • no. of clients: 60, out of which 30 finished the training course

  • Financed by: TÁMOP-5.2.5-08/1-2008-0209 child and youth integration (co-financed by EU Structural Funds)

  • Budget: 19.270.680 HUF (250.000 LTL)

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation9

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

1. „YOUTH WORK” project - Method

  • Individual and group competence development:

    • teaching-training-care-resocialisation forming one system

    • differentiated education

  • Course: 15 people/group x 4 hrs. x 20 occasions

  • Learning programme (concrete plans: making a living, education, housing, job seeking)

  • Supportive care– in the penal institution and after release

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation10

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

1. „YOUTH WORK” project - Content

  • Competence groups; course elements:

    • determining existing skills,

    • development of mental skills („thinking”),

    • development of cogninitve skills,

    • identifying and recognising personal core values,

    • strengthening emotional factors that enhance the learning process,

    • „how to learn” methodology

    • how the labour market works

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation11

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

2.„I will learn to learn” and „Create with me!” projects - Summary

  • Aim: the preparation for release of young people (student-age) in penal institutions

  • Why? 2 facts:

    • it is very hard to organise normal school education for student-age prisoners in the penal institution -> the prisoners don’t know how to learn, they don’t understand the books…

    • The only things that girls are interested in is crafts and creative work(based on research)

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation12

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

2.„I will learn to learn!” and „Create with me!” projects - Indicators

  • Target group: „learn” – boys, „create” – girls

  • no. of clients: 15

  • Duration: 4 months

  • Financed by: KAB-PR-08-A - complex prevention programmes of organisations dealing with drug abuse prevention and drug users (co-financed by EU Structural Funds)

  • Budget: 800.000 HUF (10.400 LTL)

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation13

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

2.„I will learn to learn!” and „Create with me!” projects - Method

  • „classes”: 2 hrs./class × 1 class/week × 13 weeks

  • art/creative group classes for girls

  • Learning methodology group classes for boys

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation14

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

2.„I will learn to learn!” project - Content

  • 3 phases: theory, practice, application

  • Competences:

    • Improvement of thinking, problem solving, deductive and inductive reasoning, analytical and critical thinking etc.

    • Information gathering, communication

    • identifying personal core values, strengthening emotional factors that enhance the learning process

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation15

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

2.„Create with me!” project - Content

  • Girls work together in a creative group (like in former village communities)

  • Possibility to make contact, to share problems, ideas, to talk

  • Creative work = psychosocial effect

  • Pastime = pleasure

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation16

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

3. „CHANGING PROGRAME” project - Summary

  • Aim: to create and increase the possibilities and chances of reintegration to the society and the labour market of ex-prisoners and/or deviant/criminal young people

  • Method: operating a continuous (after)care model with several elements, and a civil helping system

  • Based on the synergy of supportive and educative elements, such as psychosocial care and the aimed delivery of the target group to the training institutions and the labour market

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation17

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

3. „CHANGING PROGRAME” project – indicators

  • Target group: ex-prisoners and/or deviant/criminal young people

  • no. of clients:

    • Involved in consultation: 210

    • Entered vocational training: 28

    • Got employed: 12

  • Financed by: National Development Plan Humane Resource Operative Programme HEFOP 2.3.2. (co-financed by EU Structural Funds)

  • Budget: 39.225.000 HUF (500.000 LTL)

  • Duration: 18 months

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation18

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

3. „CHANGING PROGRAME” project – elements

  • During and after prison: supportive care, consultations, competence programmes, job seeking training, language courses, „Family Group”

  • During prison: „Focusing on Freedom” – special training preparing for life after release

  • After release: „Job Coaching”

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


1 change lanes foundation19

1. CHANGE LANES FOUNDATION

3. „JOB COACHING” ELEMENT – Method

  • employinga „coach” who follows the career development of the ex-prisoners

  • They talk the topic over – the coach gives an analysis and evaluation

  • Supportive care

  • Mediation between employee and employer

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


2 tolna county labour centre

2. TOLNA COUNTY LABOUR CENTRE

PROFILE & ACTIVITIES:

  • County labour centre (state administration)

  • used to be 19 county, now 7 regional, work under Hungarian Public Employment Service

  • Dealing with all issues of employment:

    • Labour market analyses, migration, training guidance, vocational orientation, statistics etc.

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


2 tolna county labour centre1

2. TOLNA COUNTY LABOUR CENTRE

SELECTED PROJECT:

„Give your future a chance!”

a project supporting prisoners and ex-prisoners under Probation Service in social reintegration

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


2 tolna county labour centre2

2. TOLNA COUNTY LABOUR CENTRE

Project - Summary

  • 10 prisoners and 10 convicts under probation will undertake a training to acquire a nationally accepted vocation (ECDL*), plus other courses, self-knowledge groups

    * European Computer Driving Licence

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


2 tolna county labour centre3

2. TOLNA COUNTY LABOUR CENTRE

Project - Indicators

  • target group: prisoners and ex-prisoners under probation, especially of roma ethnicity

  • no. of clients: 20

  • budget: 4.981.200 HUF (63.000 LTL)

  • financing body: National Crime Prevention Board (NCPB), Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


2 tolna county labour centre4

2. TOLNA COUNTY LABOUR CENTRE

Project - Method

  • Matching the goals of the National Crime Prevention Strategy: to prevent repeated crime

  • Groups attend resocialisation and personality development courses conducted by psychologists

  • Vocational training (ECDL)

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


2 tolna county labour centre5

2. TOLNA COUNTY LABOUR CENTRE

Project - Content

  • Determining suitability (based on California Personality Inventory Test) – interviews

  • Psychologists make a list of applicants and start work

  • Large „classes” don’t work, they are too big - small groups of 4-5 are OK: gradual development of mutual trust, honest atmosphere

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


2 tolna county labour centre6

2. TOLNA COUNTY LABOUR CENTRE

Project - Content

  • Training on „How the labour market works” by experts – various forms of training

  • ECDL course – in the prison

  • Job seeking advice: behaviuor development based on the methods of Nathan Azrin (USA)

  • How to use the phone, write a CV, take a job interview

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


3 the regional training centre of kecskem t

3. THE REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE OFKECSKEMÉT

PROFILE & ACTIVITIES :

  • adult training centre and official examination centre of the region Central Hungary

  • founded in 1993 by the Ministry of Labour and the municipality of Kecskemét city

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


3 the regional training centre of kecskem t1

3. THE REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE OFKECSKEMÉT

Park Gardener Project - Summary

  • Title: „Park gardener training in Állampuszta Penal Institution”

  • Vocational training and qualification (nationally accepted)

  • Aimed to assist the reintegration of former prisoners to the community

  • Taking place in the penal institution

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


3 the regional training centre of kecskem t2

3. THE REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE OFKECSKEMÉT

Park Gardener Project - Indicators

  • target group: prisoners and under probation

  • no. of clients: 18

  • Duration: 2005. 10. 03 - 2006. 04. 28.

  • budget: 3.402.000 HUF (43.000 LTL)

  • financing body: National Crime Prevention Board (NCPB), Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


3 the regional training centre of kecskem t3

3. THE REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE OFKECSKEMÉT

Park Gardener Project - Method

  • The target group is mostly roma and/or coming from Eastern Hungary, where high rates of unemployment and crime prevail

  • A nationally recognised qualification increases their chances to have a job when released

  • Additional course: personality development, job seeking techniques

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


3 the regional training centre of kecskem t4

3. THE REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE OFKECSKEMÉT

Park Gardener Project - Content

  • Selection of participants (health status)

  • Signing of contracts for the training

  • Personality development training (90 hours)

  • Park gardener training (500 hours)

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


3 the regional training centre of kecskem t5

3. THE REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE OFKECSKEMÉT

Park Gardener Project - Personality development training

  • Group building

  • Self-knowledge

  • Personal SWOT analysis

  • Labour market training

  • Criteria of successful vocation and employment

  • Personal long term activity plan

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


3 the regional training centre of kecskem t6

3. THE REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE OFKECSKEMÉT

Park Gardener Project - Park gardener training

  • Basics of gardening

  • Economy

  • Environment and safety at work

  • Technical skills

  • European studies

  • Practical work

  • Examination

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


4 toolbook project team

4. „TOOLBOOK” Project Team

PROFILE:

Project team with different organisationsconsisting of:

  • Sopronkőhidai Penal Institution

  • FKFSZ – Employment Service of Budapest

  • Menedék - the Hungarian Association for Migrants

  • The Regional Training Centre ofBékéscsaba

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


4 toolbook project team1

4. „TOOLBOOK” Project Team

SELECTED PROJECT:

  • „TOOLBOOK” - Handbook for employers who are willing to accept ex-prisoners

  • Handbook - project product downloadable from:

    http://equal.nfu.hu/download.php?docID=104

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


4 toolbook project team2

4. „TOOLBOOK” Project Team

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


4 toolbook project team3

4. „TOOLBOOK” Project Team

Project - Indicators

  • target group: employers and future employers of workers with changed abilities and special needs, e.g. ex-prisoners

  • no. of clients: national level (the book is free)

  • budget: ?

  • financing body: EQUAL Hungary – EU Structural Funds + Hungarian Government

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


4 toolbook project team4

4. „TOOLBOOK” Project Team

Project - Method

The project product is a 100-page handbook for employers, containing definitions, tips, examples of best practice, training outlines, case studies, legal and practical advice for the establishment and development of anti-discriminative workplaces for special employees: women, members of large families, older employees, immigrants and asylum seekers, employees starting their career, ex-prisoners, employees with different ethnicity, religious or sexual orientation, handicap.

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


4 toolbook project team5

4. „TOOLBOOK” Project Team

Project - Content

The chapter dealing with ex-prisoners lists some „myths and stereotypes” concerning the employment of ex-prisoners and the facts related to these issues, e.g. how the employer can receive state subsidies when employing ex-prisoners.

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


5 retextil foundation

5. RETEXTIL FOUNDATION

PROFILE & ACTIVITIES:

  • Private foundation NGO

  • Retextil Foundation’s aim is to promote an original know-how of recycling domestic and industrial second-hand textiles.

  • Using a traditional, manual textile technique, the common human ability of creativeness can be developed and at same time textile waste be reduced.

  • To create Retextil products – bags, puffs, swings – there is no need for any other sources except human energy and it also enhances the cooperation of groups and individuals.

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


5 retextil foundation1

5. RETEXTIL FOUNDATION

Retextil Project - Summary

  • Retextil is a method to manufacture domestic items (bags, clothes, rags, lampshades, sculptures, swings etc.) from textile waste

  • 100% manual work – community rehabilitation

  • 100% recycled – environmentally friendly

  • Unique ecodesign – artistic value

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


5 retextil foundation2

5. RETEXTIL FOUNDATION

Retextil Project - Indicators

  • Workshop: in Pécs

  • No. of workers: 24 (at present)

  • Handicapped, underprivileged, special needs workers

    „Retextil is a language where we can learn about the organic order in the world around us.”

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


5 retextil foundation3

5. RETEXTIL FOUNDATION

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


5 retextil foundation4

5. RETEXTIL FOUNDATION

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


5 retextil foundation5

5. RETEXTIL FOUNDATION

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

PROFILE:

  • Rehabilitation and employment non profit company (social economy)

  • Main goal: to reduce the social effects of handicap by finding suitable employment for their clients

  • Pioneers in employment of workers with special needs. (Unfortunately went bankrupt in 2008.)

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company1

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

ACTIVITIES:

  • Provides the place of work with special features

  • Humanistic approach: equal to all workers

  • More than 1000 workers in 2008.

  • In 34 branch locations in HU in various fields

  • Rehabilitation treatment + employment of employees with special needs

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company2

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

SELECTED PROJECTS:

  • Employment of employees with special needs

  • RING shop

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company3

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

1. Employment Project - Summary

  • Workers with special needs

  • A diverse range of services and products (eg. supplying parts)

  • own commercial network (market research, sales representatives, logistics)

  • Innovative ideas, quality control, high quality

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company4

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

1. Employment Project - Indicators

  • target group: workers with changed ablilities and special needs (incl. Psychiatric patients)

  • no. of clients: 1000 workers

  • budget: fixed sum subsidy from the state per annum after number of workers

  • financing body: labour centre / state subsidy

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company5

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

1. Employment Project - Method

Wooden items, furniture

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company6

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

1. Employment Project - Method

Painted glass

decorative items

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company7

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

1. Employment Project - Method

Hand woven

rugs and carpets

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company8

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

1. Employment Project - Method

Hand made

decoration

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company9

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

1. Employment Project - Method

Candles

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company10

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

2. RING Shop Project - Summary

  • Opened first shop in 2000 in Pécs, in 2005 in Szerencs

  • Own products (interior design, household)

  • Low prices

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company11

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

2. RING Shop Project - Method

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company12

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

2. RING Shop Project - Method

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company13

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

2. RING Shop Project - Method

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


6 uwyta public benefit company14

6. "UWYTA" Public Benefit Company

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

Development and Implementation of the Practical Model of Gradual Social Integration


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