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The United States and Canada. Culture. The United States. A Diverse Society. The United States is a nation of immigrants; therefore, there are multiple ethnic traditions and different races. Breakdown of the population: European Ancestry – 70% Hispanic Americans – 13%

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A diverse society
A Diverse Society

  • The United States is a nation of immigrants; therefore, there are multiple ethnic traditions and different races.

  • Breakdown of the population:

    • European Ancestry – 70%

    • Hispanic Americans – 13%

    • African Americans – 12%

    • Asian Americans – 4%

    • Native Americans – 1%

  • The largest ethnic groups English, German, Irish, African, French, Italian, Scottish, Polish and Mexican

Language and religions
Language and Religions

  • English is the dominant language of the United States

    • Spanish comes in as the second most common language in the US.

    • Majority of immigrants will continue to speak their native language until they have learned English.

  • Religious Freedom – cornerstone of American society

    • There are over 1,000 different religious groups that practice their faith in the United States.

  • The major religious groups in the United States include – Christians (Protestants and Roman Catholics), Jews, and Muslims.

The arts and popular culture
The Arts and Popular Culture

  • There is a rich artistic heritage due to the diverse population.

    • The first artists – the Native Americans

    • The Europeans brought their artistic traditions with them.

  • The 19th century  major period of artistic development

    • Seen in music, literature, painting and architecture

  • Modern-Day motion pictures and popular music are the two most influential art forms

    • This form of entertainment is influential across the globe (cultural diffusion)

American life today
American Life Today

  • The American Dream

    • Immigrants come to the United States looking or a better life for themselves and their children.

  • Where Americans Live

    • About 80 percent of Americans live in cities or surrounding suburbs

      • First moved from rural areas to cities, then cities to suburbs

  • Movement to the suburbs was made possible by automobiles

Sub regions the northeast
Sub-Regions – The Northeast

  • Quick Facts

    • There are nine states that are found in this region.

    • The region covers about 5 percent of the nation’s land area, but is home to 20 percent of the country’s population.

  • America’s Gateway

    • The area received many of the first European settlers – considered the “gateway” to American lands.

  • The region is highly industrialized and urbanized.

    • A lot of the seaboard cities serve as international trade centers.

    • The amount of natural resources available in the region allow for industrial growth and development.

    • There has been a transition into manufacturing and service industries.

The northeast
The Northeast

  • “Rust Belt” – the declining and abandoned traditional industries

    • Many of these industries have moved overseas or to warmer climates in the United States.

  • Growth of the Megalopolis

    • Megalopolis = a region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together

    • The nation’s first megalopolis developed in the Northeast – “BosWash”

      • It stretches through 500 miles of highly urbanized areas (from Boston to Washington, DC

      • It contains one-sixth of the US population

      • Rapid road, rail and air links are vital to its economic development and expansion

Sub regions the midwest
Sub-Regions – The Midwest

  • Quick Facts:

    • There are twelve states that make up the region.

    • The land is also referred to as the “American Heartland”

    • The region occupies about 20 percent of the land and 25 percent of the US population.

  • Agricultural and Industrial Heartland

    • The Midwest is often referred to as the “breadbasket”.

    • The central location of the region makes it a trade, transportation, and distribution area.

    • The waterways also make cities more accessible.

  • Changing the Face of the Midwest

    • The number of farms is declining; therefore, more jobs are in the service industries

  • People and industries are moving away from the region to the South and West.

Sub regions the south
Sub-Regions – The South

  • Quick Facts

    • There are sixteen states in this region

      • Eleven of the states were members of the Confederacy during the Civil War.

      • Texas is sometimes considered a part of the Southwest (added with some states from the West).

  • The Old South

    • The region has some of the oldest American settlements.

    • There is a mix of cultures that reflect the diversity of its settlers.

      • British, African, Hispanic, Cajun and Creoles are some of the major groups.

    • Sometimes referred to as part of the “sunbelt” because of the climate.

The south
The South

  • The New South

    • The region’s humid subtropical climate hindered industrialization.

      • Agriculture was the primary focus of South.

      • Livestock activity was also prevalent in the region.

    • Introduction of air conditioning (in 1950s) and the region’s energy resources gave a boost to industry - - - changed the cultural atmosphere in the region.

    • Major industries are moving from the Midwest and the Northeast.

      • New populations mean changes in culture.

Sub regions the west
Sub-Regions – The West

  • Quick Facts

    • The region is composed of thirteen states; it is composed of lands stretching from the Great Plains to the Pacific Ocean (and includes Alaska).

    • The region covers 50 percent of the land area of the United States, but only 20 percent of the population.

  • Settling in the West

    • Same sort of settlement practices today as in the frontier days: wherever landforms and climates are most favorable.

      • Limited the interaction between groups of people

    • The region is the most rapidly growing area in the United States.

      • The increasing population means an increase in the diversity present.

  • Developing the West

    • Growth of the region in the 20th century was aided with air conditioning and irrigation.

      • Water supply allowed inland with the use of irrigation.

    • Production of multiple goods and trade has also aided in the development of the region.

  • The cultural diversity is allowed to prosper

The atlantic provinces
The Atlantic Provinces

  • These are the four eastern provinces – Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.

  • Harsh Lands and Small Populations

    • This region is home to about 8 percent of Canada’s population.

    • The majority of people live in coastal cities because of the rugged terrain and severe weather.

  • People make a living using what is available to them  many depend on forestry and fishing industries

The core provinces
The Core Provinces

  • This region is composed of the two provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

  • The Heartland of Canada

    • This region is often referred to as the heartland of Canada because of its importance socially, economically and politically.

    • Three out of five Canadians live in this region.

    • Most settlements are found along the St. Lawrence Seaway and the Great Lakes.

    • Two major culture are found in specific provinces of this region:

      • Ontario – English-speaking majority

      • Quebec – French-speaking Canadians

The prairie provinces
The Prairie Provinces

  • There are three provinces that make up this region – Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

  • Canada’s Breadbasket

    • This region is connected to the Great Plains in the United States – meaning the land is fertile and plentiful.

  • A Cultural Mix

    • Diverse populations found in each province including :

      • Manitoba – Scots-Irish, Germans, Scandinavians, Ukranians and Poles

      • Saskatchewan – South and East Asians; metis

      • Alberta – European immigrants and Indian, Japanese, Lebanese and Vietnamese

    • The combination of cultures creates a varied culture, not specific to one group

Pacific province and territories
Pacific Province and Territories

  • This region is composed of British Columbia and three territories – Yukon Territory, Northwest Territory and Nunavut.

    • This area makes up the western and northern parts of Canada.

  • British Columbia

    • More than half of the land is densely forested, making it difficult for human habitation.

      • Most of the population is located in the southwest part of the province.

    • The area relies on ports and trading, thereby introducing more cultures through the major port cities.

  • The Territories

    • The land of the territories accounts for 41 percent of the country’s land mass.

      • However, they are sparsely populated (too sparse to be provinces).

    • Major area – Nunavut

      • It was carved out of the eastern territories in 1999 and is the home of the Canadian Inuit.

      • The land is rugged but some of it is useful for economic purposes