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The Colosseum. & Other Sports Arenas. The Design. Largest amphitheater in the Roman World Perimeter = 545 m. across Built out of travertine with iron clamps to hold the blocks . Who Built It. Begun in AD 70, finished by AD 80 Also known as the Flavian Amphitheater

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The Colosseum

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The Colosseum

&

Other Sports Arenas


The Design

  • Largest amphitheater in the Roman World

  • Perimeter = 545 m. across

  • Built out of travertine with iron clamps to hold the blocks


Who Built It

  • Begun in AD 70, finished by AD 80

  • Also known as the Flavian Amphitheater

  • Begun by emperor Vespasian, finished by his son, Titus


Daily Shows

  • Morning – Wild Animal Hunts also known as Venationes

  • Midday – Public Executions

  • Afternoon –Gladiatorial Contests


Who watched the shows

  • Women were not encouraged to attend, but Romans would sometimes take their children to the fights so they could learn good moral behavior (how to die like a Roman)

  • Upper class did not usually attend public executions


A Reconstruction


model

Posts for awnings


interior


Interior

Underground

channels


Royal Box


The Seating

  • Multiple Entrances and exits allowed for quick seating of 50,000

  • Emperor and Vestals on first level

  • Senators also sat on first level, but had to bring their own chairs


cross


Ad bestias


Ad bestias 2


music


Colosseum

Poor, slaves, and women


Banned Groups

  • Gravediggers, actors and those who had fought previously as gladiators were banned from watching the fights


Other Sports Arenas


Piazza NavonaCircus of Domitian


Neptune Statue


Piazza Navona


Once a circus….


Model of Circus Maximus


Circus Maximus


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