Small Community Wastewater Alternatives
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 37

Small Community Wastewater Alternatives PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 74 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Small Community Wastewater Alternatives. Section VI Problem Characterization and Moving to Action. Source Water Protection Plan. Wastewater threats Subset of Contaminant ID/ Inventory Prioritize vulnerability of source: Proximity Severity of threat Likelihood of contamination (transport)

Download Presentation

Small Community Wastewater Alternatives

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Small community wastewater alternatives

Small Community Wastewater Alternatives

Section VI

Problem Characterization and Moving to Action


Source water protection plan

Source Water Protection Plan

  • Wastewater threats

  • Subset of Contaminant ID/ Inventory

  • Prioritize vulnerability of source:

    • Proximity

    • Severity of threat

      • Likelihood of contamination (transport)

      • Potency of contaminant

    • Other

  • Specific management strategy


Overview

Overview

  • Elements of a Management Plan

  • Getting there

  • Funding

  • Long-term planning

  • Stakeholder tips


Elements of a management plan

Elements of a Management Plan

  • Introduction

  • Assessment of Existing Conditions

  • Evaluation of Management Alternatives

  • Selected Management Approach

  • Outline of Project Implementation Plan


Elements of a management plan cont

Elements of a Management Plan (cont.)

1.Introduction

  • Goals and Objectives

  • Framework/ Context

  • Participants and Roles

  • Relevant Background

  • Acknowledgements


Elements of a management plan cont1

Elements of a Management Plan (cont.)

2.Assessment of Existing Conditions

  • Methodology

    • Conducting inventory

    • Assessing risk

  • Summary of findings

  • Supporting data


Elements of a management plan cont2

Elements of a Management Plan (cont.)

3.Evaluation of Management Alternatives

  • Summary of alternatives

  • Criteria for selection

    4.Selected Management Approach

  • How selected alternative meets criteria

  • Cost Estimate

  • Funding options


Elements of a management plan cont3

Elements of a Management Plan (cont.)

5.Outline of Project Implementation Plan

  • Roles and responsibilities

  • Project planning steps

  • Timeline


Getting there

Getting There

  • Set Goals and Objectives

  • Organize Steering Committee/ Stakeholder Group

  • Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

  • Identify Management Alternatives

  • Select a Management Approach

  • Outline Implementation Plan

  • Maintain communication


Getting there1

Getting There

  • Set Goals and Objectives (sample)

    • Goals:

      • Formalize strategy to protect drinking water source (s) from wastewater contamination, particularly onsite septic systems

      • Generate community-wide support for protecting water supplies by managing wastewater through education and relationship building

    • Objectives

      • Develop a source water protection strategy for wastewater

      • Establish a framework for implementing the strategy

      • Encourage community participation throughout the planning process


Getting there2

Getting There

  • Organize Steering Committee/ Stakeholder Group

    • Be inclusive – be groupers not splitters

    • Identify backgrounds and expertise

    • Select leader and secretary

    • Preliminary determination of roles – roles may shift as project progresses

    • Set a timeline

    • Identify and assign tasks:


Getting there3

Getting There

Steering Committee Tasks:

  • Conduct preliminary information gathering

  • Confirm the delineation of the source water protection area

  • Complete an inventory of individual, commercial, industrial and community wastewater systems

  • Establish priority ranking system based on severity of threat

  • Identify and make management recommendations

  • Help identify funding options

  • Identify potential sites (if appropriate) for community or clustered wastewater treatment

  • Make the routine decisions that guide the project.


Possible team members

Possible Team Members

  • County sanitarians, water and wastewater operators, elected officials, city/county health officials, county extension agents, city/county planners

  • Code enforcement officers/ building inspectors

  • Resource conservation and development agencies

  • Watershed planning groups

  • Service organizations, senior citizen groups, youth groups and school personnel

  • General community

  • Bankers/ realtors


Getting there4

Getting There

3.Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

  • Preliminary information gathering

  • Delineate protection area

  • Conduct contaminant inventory

  • Assess public health risk


Getting there5

Getting There

  • Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

    • Preliminary information gathering

    • Identify sources of upfront information: maps, assessment records, existing wastewater surveys or contaminant inventories by others, 911 records, others

    • Identify regulatory powers and management authority

    • Identify and involve technical assistance resources

    • Identify obvious obstacles


Getting there6

Getting There

3.Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

  • Delineate protection area

    • Zones of influence

    • Groundwater source

    • Surface water source


Getting there7

Getting There

3.Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

  • Conduct contaminant inventory

    • Include individual, commercial, schools, hospitals, group homes, elder care facilities, residential developments, offices, industrial, public or private non-profit corporations

    • Map system locations – water system staff, code enforcement officers, building and zoning inspectors, health department staff, highway department


Getting there8

Getting There

3.Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

  • Conduct contaminant inventory

    • Collect additional information

      • System type and condition

      • Known problems and action taken

      • Unusual strength waste (type and volume generated)

      • Non-residential flow volumes

    • Data collection methodology

      • Visual survey

      • Wastewater surveys

      • Site inspections

      • Owner interviews


Getting there9

Getting There

3.Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

  • Conduct contaminant inventory

    • Record data

      • Use a proven database if possible

      • Easy-to-share format

      • Consider sharing cost of database development

      • Provide for an update mechanism


Getting there10

Getting There

3.Assess and Analyze Existing Conditions

  • Assess public health risk

    • Determine ranking criteria based on severity of threat

      • proximity

      • degree of failure

      • type of contaminants

      • effectiveness of existing strategies

    • Prioritize (rank) systems

    • Chart results simply and clearly


Getting there11

Getting There

4.Identify Management Alternatives

  • Identify level of protection required

  • Identify and rank potential protection strategies

  • Differentiate between short-term and long-term strategies

  • Research and review favored options


Getting there12

Getting There

4.Identify Management Alternatives

  • Identify level of protection required

    • Different zones may have different requirements

  • Identify and rank potential protection strategies:

    • Existing systems

    • New systems

    • Likelihood of community or cluster system needs

    • Identify training needs


Getting there13

Getting There

4.Identify Management Alternatives

  • Identify and rank potential protection strategies:

    • Existing systems

      • Inspection and monitoring (identify and prevent malfunctions)

      • Repair and replacement

    • New systems

      • Enhanced site and soil evaluation requirements

      • Enhanced design professional requirements

      • Enhanced system performance requirements

      • Increased setback or slope requirements

    • Likelihood of community or cluster system needs

    • Identify training needs


Getting there14

Getting There

  • Identify Management Alternatives

    • Differentiate between short-term and long-term strategies

      • Short-term: public/homeowner education, voluntary activities to work towards a management district, coordinate health dept. inspections, cost-share programs to replace septic systems, other things that can be done with little money

      • Long-term: management district, clusters, sewer system

  • Research and review favored options


Getting there15

Getting There

5.Select a Management Approach

  • Review alternatives with Steering Committee, community, regulators, funders, and technical assistance providers

  • Consider funding availability

  • Recommend alternative (s)


Getting there16

Getting There

6.Outline Implementation Plan

  • Outline planning steps

  • Develop a realistic timeline

  • Public meetings: involve the public early

  • Solicit design professional

  • Obtain preliminary cost estimate

  • Secure funding


Getting there17

Getting There

7.Maintain Communication

  • Steering Committee

  • Water System Management

  • Municipality

  • Property owners

  • Community

  • Regulators

  • Design Professional

  • Funding sources


Stakeholder meeting organizing tips

Stakeholder Meeting Organizing Tips

  • Have food

  • Meet at local venues where others might overhear and get drawn in

  • Face-to-face, one-on-one interactions are extremely effective

  • Piggy back onto other events

  • Use humor


Identifying stakeholders

Courtesy of Pace U. Land Use Training

Identifying Stakeholders

  • Ask key members of the community who think they will be interested in the issues

  • Identify:

    • organized groups and individuals who might be interested in the potential acts that have been identified

    • any groups that may be hard to reach

    • groups and individuals that may not typically be thought of as being part of the public

    • groups and individuals that may not typically be thought of as being part of the public


Funding

Funding

Individual System assistance

  • USDA Rural Development

    • Section 504 Home Repair Loan and Grant Program

      • Grants up to $7,500 for very low income homeowners 62 and older

      • 1% interest loans up to $20,000 for other low-income families and individuals


Funding1

Funding

Individual System assistance

  • USDA Rural Development

    • Section 502 Direct Home Loan Program

      • Elderly: Income < 80% Area Median Income

      • Other: Income < 50% Area Median Income

      • Terms up to 33 years

      • Can be used to repair or prepare home site


Funding2

Funding

Municipal system assistance

  • USDA Rural Development Water/Wastewater Infrastructure Funding Program

    • 38 year loan terms

    • Poverty, Intermediate and Market rates

    • Limited grant available

  • State Revolving Loan Fund (SRF)

  • U.S. Department of HUD


Long term planning

Long-Term Planning

  • Community Profile

  • Needs Assessment

  • Identifying Interests

  • Confirming Community Support

  • Survey Instruments

  • Project Planning Tips


Community profile needs assessment

Community Profile/ Needs Assessment

  • Evaluate natural conditions and environmentally sensitive areas

  • Water supply

  • Land use

  • Demographics

  • Wastewater flows and loading

  • Existing treatment facilities/systems

  • Future growth and economic development

  • Identifying / prioritizing areas of concern*


Identifying needs and interests

Identifying Needs and Interests

  • Confirming community support for a project:

    • Need

    • Interest

    • Willingness to pay

    • Ability to pay


Needs surveys

Needs Surveys

  • Interest surveys

  • Drinking water surveys

  • Wastewater surveys

  • Income surveys


Wastewater planning tips

Wastewater Planning Tips

  • Community Steering Committee

  • Begin planning now

  • Exercise administrative will

  • Take advantage of technical assistance

  • Think critically. Be discriminating in hiring a consultant

  • Evaluate / document funding eligibility

  • Involve regulators early

  • Make O&M a priority

  • Keep community/customers informed


  • Login